POVERTY ALLEVIATION

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)
Research Analyst
, PAGE
Nov 26 - Dec 2, 2012

IMPACT OF DOMESTIC FOOD PRICE INCREASES ON POVERTY FOR DEVELOPING ASIA

. POVERTY BEFORE PRICE INCREASE POVERTY AFTER FOOD PRICE INCREASE BY
10 % 20 % 30 %
Based on $1.25-a-day poverty line Percentage of Poor (%) 27.1 29 30.9 32.9
Change in percentage of poor   1.9 3.9 5.8
(percentage points) 903 968 1032 1097
Change in number of poor (in millions)   64.4 128.8 193.2
Poverty gap ratio (%) 6.79 8.15 9.51 10.86
Change in poverty gap ratio (percentage points)   1.4 2.7 4.1

IMPACT OF FOOD PRICE INCREASES ON POVERTY
($1.25-a-day poverty line)

COUNTRY CHANGE IN PERCENTAGE OF POOR (IN PERCENTAGE POINTS) WITH AN INCREASE IN FOOD PRICES BY CHANGE IN NUMBER OF POOR (IN MILLIONS) WITH AN INCREASE IN FOOD PRICES BY
10 % 20 % 30 % 10 % 20 % 30 %
Bangladesh 2.5 5.0 7.5 3.83 7.65 11.48
India Rural 2.9 5.8 8.8 22.82 45.64 69.45
India Urban 2.1 4.3 6.4 6.68 13.36 20.04
Pakistan 2.2 4.5 6.7 3.47 6.94 10.41
Bhutan 1.8 3.5 5.3 0.01 0.02 0.03
Philippines 1.6 3.2 4.9 1.37 2.75 4.12
Sri Lanka 1.2 2.4 3.6 0.24 0.47 0.71
Thailand 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.05 0.10 0.15
Viet Nam 1.9 3.7 5.6 1.55 3.10 4.65

DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS OF PAKISTAN

INDICATORS 2011-12 (1st July)
Total Population (million) 180.71
Urban Population (million) 67.55
Rural Population (million) 113.16
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) 3.4
Crude Birth Rate (per thousand) 27.2
Crude Death Rate (per thousand) 7.2
Population Growth Rate (%) 2.03
LIFE EXPECTANCY (YEARS)
- Female 66.1
- Males 64.3

PAKISTAN: POPULATION BY AGE GROUPS (Millions Nos.)
AGE GROUP 2015 2020 2025 2030
00-04 22.76 23.28 22.44 20.35
05-09 21.33 22.35 22.95 22.18
10-14 20.07 21.24 22.28 22.88
15-19 20.12 20.01 21.19 22.24
20-24 19.80 20.05 19.95 21.14
25-29 17.13 19.71 19.98 19.89
30-34 14.72 17.04 19.62 19.91
35-39 12.40 14.62 16.94 19.53
40-44 10.36 12.27 14.49 16.81
45-49 8.49 10.20 12.01 14.31
50-54 6.88 8.26 9.95 11.84
55-59 5.53 6.57 7.93 9.60
60-64 4.31 5.13 6.14 7.45
65+ 7.82 9.39 11.39 13.93
TOTAL 191.71 210.13 227.35 242.05

POOREST COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD (2012)

COUNTRY GDP PER CAPITA
1. Burundi $300
2. Congo $300
3. Liberia $500
4. Zimbabwe $500
5. Eritrea $600

PER CAPITA INCOME ($)

2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
1015 990 1068 1258 1372

PER MONTH WAGES RATES IN PAKISTAN (Rs)

SALARIES & BENEFITS (EXECUTIVES)
Managing Director 150000 400000
General Manager 100000 300000
Senior Manager 85000 130000
Manager 70000 100000
Deputy Manager 55000 75000
System Analyst 45000 60000
Programmer 35000 55000
SALARIES & BENEFITS (NON EXECUTIVES)
Foreman 20000 25000
Supervisor 15000 20000
Electronic Data Processing Supervisor 20000 25000
Boiler man 15000 18000
Electrician 15000 18000
Clerk/Typist 12000 15000
Data Entry Operator 12000 15000
Security Guard 8000 12000
Driver 8000 10000
Un-skilled worker 6000 8000
Average total remuneration in manufacturing sector :( Increase 15% per annum).

PETROLEUM PRICES IN PAKISTAN
(as on Nov 21, 2012)

PRODUCT RETAIL PRICE ( RS./LTR )
HOBC 135.26
Premium 101.8
High Speed Diesel 113.29
Light Speed Diesel 97.68
Kerosene Oil 103.26

CIVILIAN LABOUR FORCE (million No.)

YEAR 2009-10 2010-11
Labour force 56.33 57.24
Employed 53.21 53.84
Unemployed 3.12 3.40

OUTREACH OF VILLAGE BANKS IN FFO PROJECT AREAS
(as on Sep 30, 2011)

VILLAGE BANK/CO LOCATION NO. OF VILLAGES NO. OF GROUPS NO. OF CLIENTS HOUSEHOLDS NO. OF FEMALE CLIENTS SAVINGS BALANCE (RS.)
Easy Approach Community Organization Village Kujjar 5 70 301 291 1,246,617
Dosti Welfare Society Basra Colony Muridke 8 115 482 445 553,739
Social Development Organization Kharianwala 9 122 516 465 512,875
Roshnee Foundation Farooqbad Islampura 16 77 329 321 289,579
Al-Mustafa Foundation Wandala 4 84 362 357 412,081
Insani Khidmat Welfare Society Khanpur 8 98 419 390 478,525
Al Quaid Dera Development Foundation Shareenwala 5 31 147 147 186,400
Aman Welfare Society Buraj Attari 4 37 170 150 1 49,754
Sawera Development Society Chikhuke Malian 11 52 237 237 224,661
Creative Foundation Village Kaloke 3 35 162 94 269,400
Total 73 721 3,125 2,897 4,323,631