ROLE OF PUBLIC SECTOR IN POVERTY ALLEVIATION
S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
Research Analyst, PAGE
Nov 26 - Dec 2, 2012
Presently, Poverty alleviation is the major agenda of public sector in Pakistan. Public sector has adopted different strategies for the purposes, which include special programs and short-term measures targeted towards improving the earning capacity of masses and provision of social safety nets for the really poor.
With a view to enhance the access of the low-income communities to socio-economic services, the government of Pakistan has set up an independent and professionally managed unit, the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF) which is working through a network of partner organizations having strong community outreach programs. To specifically target the poor and landless in rural areas in the country, micro-credit has proven to be potent intervention from the public sector along with the cooperation of the private sector.
Moreover micro-credit is a powerful empowering instrument particularly for women. Combined with education, micro-credit empowers the poor to improve their livelihood by themselves. Currently, this service is available to small fraction of the population.
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
WAPDA is committed to facilitating its employees, as it accords priority to their well being. WAPDA spends about Rs.1.8 billion every year to provide health care facilities to its employees and their families. WAPDA also provides medical facilities to the employees through an integrated structure comprising 12 hospitals, 12 fortified dispensaries and 18 basic health units across the country.
PAKISTAN STATE OIL
PSO has undertaken a wide range of initiatives to support several educational programs in the country. Such initiatives include instituting gold medals, cash awards and scholarships for top students of leading professional institutes. The company financially supports several national institutions to enable education to reach to the under privileged nationwide. With the help of heritage foundation, PSO helped building of two schools in earthquake affected area of Mansehra, whereas five more schools are in the pipeline in collaboration with Citizens Foundation. The company has installed direction signs and traffic signals at major streets and thoroughfares as part of its public service campaign. Moreover, PSO carried out a public service campaign in leading newspapers on energy conservation educating the masses on ways to conserve electricity.
PAKISTAN PETROLEUM LIMITED
PPL established a school in 1950s for children of workers and local communities. In 2001, the PPL Welfare Trust (PPLWT) was founded to provide geographic and thematic diversity to the company's social programmes, which includes education, health, infrastructure development, socio-economic uplift of disadvantaged communities, particularly those living in and around its operating areas, and post-disaster rehabilitation. To ensure swift delivery, maximum on-ground impact and sustainability of its social investments, all interventions occur after due consultation and mutual agreement with stakeholders, including community representatives, local governments and non-governmental organizations. As one of the leading corporate providers of social development and welfare services in some of the most remote swathes of the country, PPL has received the Pakistan Corporate Philanthropy Award for seven consecutive years from 2004 to 2010.
SUI SOUTHERN GAS COMPANY LIMITED
SSGCL is contributing towards the National agenda for poverty alleviation by improving literacy level around its operational areas. The company inaugurated the Mirpurkhas Chapter of Marie Adelaide Leprosy Centre (MALC) in November 2006. The handing over of the computer hall for government girls high school, Jacobabad constructed by SSGC took place in February 2008. Presently, the company has loaned two fully equipped buses in addition to providing a Mitsubishi high roof coach to the University of Balochistan.
SUI NORTHERN GAS PIPELINES LIMITED
SNGPL believes in improving the quality of life of the communities especially those who are under privileged. SNGPL pledges to perform their corporate duty with dedication, diligence and integrity. The company is committed to ensure that all their corporate activities are conducted strictly in accordance with high levels of professional and legal standards as per code of business ethics. The company is also committed to provide and strive to maintain clean, healthy & safe working environment by continually conducting public awareness campaigns to promote safe use of natural gas.
NATIONAL BANK OF PAKISTAN
NBP's social responsibility for a business entity is an out going commitment to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the local community in which it is operating. It is about capacity building for sustainable development. NBP always remains committed to exploring opportunities and avenues for uplifting people's lives across all provinces. Being fully aware of its social obligations, it continues to proactively contribute towards social welfare, healthcare, education etc to help improve the quality of life for the underprivileged members of the country. In the last 6 months NBP's social support activities were speeded up, and it also extended support to a number of charitable institutions too.
EMPLOYEES' OLD-AGE BENEFITS INSTITUTION
EOBI does not receive any financial assistance from the government for carrying out its operations. A contribution equal to 5 per cent of minimum wages has to be paid by the employers of all the industrial and commercial organizations where EOB act is applicable. Under EOB scheme, insured persons are entitled to avail benefit like, old-age pension, invalidity pension, old-age grant (an insured person attained superannuation age, but does not posses the minimum threshold for pension) survivor's pension.