POVERTY & INDEPENDENCE

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)
Research Analyst
, PAGE
Aug 20 - Sep 2, 2012

IMPACT OF DOMESTIC FOOD PRICE INCREASE ON POVERTY FOR DEVELOPING ASIA

. POVERTY BEFORE PRICE INCREASE POVERTY AFTER FOOD PRICE INCREASE BY
10 % 20 % 30 %
Based on $1.25-a-day poverty line Percentage of Poor (%) 27.1 29 30.9 32.9
Change in percentage of poor . 1.9 3.9 5.8
(percentage points) 903 968 1032 1097
Change in number of poor (in millions) . 64.4 128.8 193.2
Poverty gap ratio (%) 6.79 8.15 9.51 10.86
Change in poverty gap ratio (percentage points) . 1.4 2.7 4.1

IMPACT OF FOOD PRICE INCREASES ON POVERTY
($1.25-a-day poverty line)

COUNTRY CHANGE IN PERCENTAGE OF POOR (IN PERCENTAGE POINTS) WITH AN INCREASE IN FOOD PRICES BY CHANGE IN NUMBER OF POOR (IN MILLIONS) WITH AN INCREASE IN FOOD PRICES BY
10 % 20 % 30 % 10 % 20 % 30 %
Bangladesh 2.5 5.0 7.5 3.83 7.65 11.48
India Rural 2.9 5.8 8.8 22.82 45.64 69.45
India Urban 2.1 4.3 6.4 6.68 13.36 20.04
Pakistan 2.2 4.5 6.7 3.47 6.94 10.41
Bhutan 1.8 3.5 5.3 0.01 0.02 0.03
Philippines 1.6 3.2 4.9 1.37 2.75 4.12
Sri Lanka 1.2 2.4 3.6 0.24 0.47 0.71
Thailand 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.05 0.10 0.15
Viet Nam 1.9 3.7 5.6 1.55 3.10 4.65

INTEREST RATES

DATE (%)
2-Aug-10 13.00
30-Sep-10 13.5
30-Nov-10 14.00
1-Aug-11 13.5
9-Oct-11 12.00
13-Aug-12 to date 10.5

PAKISTAN: POPULATION BY AGE GROUPS (Millions Nos.)

AGE GROUP 2015 2020 2025 2030
00-04 22.76 23.28 22.44 20.35
05-09 21.33 22.35 22.95 22.18
10-14 20.07 21.24 22.28 22.88
15-19 20.12 20.01 21.19 22.24
20-24 19.80 20.05 19.95 21.14
25-29 17.13 19.71 19.98 19.89
30-34 14.72 17.04 19.62 19.91
35-39 12.40 14.62 16.94 19.53
40-44 10.36 12.27 14.49 16.81
45-49 8.49 10.20 12.01 14.31
50-54 6.88 8.26 9.95 11.84
55-59 5.53 6.57 7.93 9.60
60-64 4.31 5.13 6.14 7.45
65+ 7.82 9.39 11.39 13.93
TOTAL 191.71 210.13 227.35 242.05

LIST OF HOLIDAYS- 2012

DATE NAME
February - 05 Kashmir Day
February - 05 Eid Milad un-Nabi
March 23 Pakistan Day
May - 01 Labor Day
August - 14 Independence Day
August - 20 Eid-ul-Fitr
August - 21 Eid-ul-Fitr
August - 22 Eid-ul-Fitr
October 27 Eid ul-Azha Day 1
October - 28 Eid ul-Azha Day 2
November - 09 Birthday of Muhammad Iqbal
November - 26 Ashura
November - 27 Ashura
December - 25 Birthday of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
December - 25 Christmas
December - 26 Day after Christmas

PER CAPITA INCOME ($)

2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
1015 990 1068 1258 1372

PRESIDENTS OF PAKISTAN

1 Iskander Mirza 2 Ayub Khan
3 Yahya Khan 4 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
5 Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry 6 Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
7 Ghulam Ishaq Khan 8 Farooq Leghari
9 Muhammad Rafiq Tarar 10 Pervez Musharraf
11 Asif Ali Zardari

DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS OF PAKISTAN

INDICATORS 2011-12 (1st July)
Total Population (million) 180.71
Urban Population (million) 67.55
Rural Population (million) 113.16
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) 3.4
Crude Birth Rate (per thousand) 27.2
Crude Death Rate (per thousand) 7.2
Population Growth Rate (%) 2.03
LIFE EXPECTANCY (YEARS)
- Female 66.1
- Males 64.3

PER MONTH WAGES RATES IN PAKISTAN (Rs)

SALARIES & BENEFITS (EXECUTIVES)
Managing Director 150000 400000
General Manager 100000 300000
Senior Manager 85000 130000
Manager 70000 100000
Deputy Manager 55000 75000
System Analyst 45000 60000
Programmer 35000 55000
SALARIES & BENEFITS (NON EXECUTIVES)
Foreman 20000 25000
Supervisor 15000 20000
Electronic Data Processing Supervisor 20000 25000
Boiler man 15000 18000
Electrician 15000 18000
Clerk/Typist 12000 15000
Data Entry Operator 12000 15000
Security Guard 8000 12000
Driver 8000 10000
Un-skilled worker 6000 8000
Average total remuneration in manufacturing sector: ( Increase 15% per annum).

POOREST COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD (2012)

COUNTRY GDP PER CAPITA
1. Burundi $300
2. Congo $300
3. Liberia $500
4. Zimbabwe $500
5. Eritrea $600

CPI NUMBERS BY FOOD COMMODITIES (2007 - 2008 = 100)

ITEM AND SPECIFICATION WEIGHT INDEX NUMBERS % CHANGE IN JUN 2012 OVER
JUN 2011 MAY 2012 JUN 2011
Wheat Flour 4.1648 156.00 + 0.22 + 6.70
Besan 0.1500 158.04 - 0.62 + 46.53
Rice 1.5821 141.63 + 0.69 + 17.51
Bakery & Confectionary 1.1550 155.26 + 0.50 + 9.25
Meat 2.4303 188.19 + 0.36 + 14.11
Chicken 1.3596 156.52 - 9.70 + 16.85
Milk Fresh 6.6800 184.89 + 2.64 + 13.29
Eggs 0.4555 140.59 - 12.76 + 6.42
Cooking Oil 1.7538 144.42 + 1.98 + 9.30
Vegetable Ghee 2.0714 155.99 + 0.78 + 5.75
Pulse Masoor 0.2712 160.28 - 1.06 - 9.37
Sugar 1.0445 246.93 + 0.80 - 19.56
Gur 0.0220 253.35 + 1.29 - 13.48
Tea 0.8377 199.49 + 1.61 + 6.44