S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
Research Analyst, PAGE
Jan 16 - 22, 2012
Technical education plays a vital role in human resource development of a country by creating skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and improving the quality of life.
Technical education covers courses and programs in engineering, technology, management, architecture, town planning, pharmacy and applied arts and crafts, hotel management and catering technology etc.
Like many other developing countries, the situation of the education sector in Pakistan is not very encouraging. The low enrolment rates at the primary level, wide disparities between regions and gender, lack of trained teachers, deficiency of proper teaching materials and poor physical infrastructure of schools indicate the poor performance of this sector.
In recent years, the enrolment rates have increased considerably. However, the high dropout rate could not be controlled at primary level.
Due to low levels of educational attainment and lack of technical and vocational education, Pakistan's labor market is dominated by less educated and unskilled work force.
A considerable rise in the number of educational institutions and enrolment after 1980s is not yet reflected in Pakistan's labor market.
This might be due to the fact that most of the bachelor's and master's degree programs emphasize only on academic education without developing specific skills. The sluggish demand for the graduates of these programs in the job markets leads to unemployment among the educated and the job market remains dominated by the less educated.
In this scenario, it becomes important to explore the role of technical education for the economic benefit of individuals.
Actually, education is divided into three groups. The education, which teaches the concerns of a society, is called social education. The education, which develops a personality inside a person, is called spiritual education. The education that concerns with the professionalism is called vocational education. The technical education comes under the branch of vocational education, which deals practically in the field of trade, commerce, agriculture, medicine and engineering.
Technical education promotes the material prosperity and economic advancement. It produces the sense of self-respect and dignity. If a country has her own technical experts, she may save a lot of foreign exchange.
Pakistan is rich in raw material resources but we must have enough technical information to benefit from them. The technical education produces technicians for all type of industries and it is true that the progress of a country much depend upon its industrialization without which sustainable economic growth is not possible.
Moreover, the exhibition centers in the country plays a vital role in encouraging the technicians to display their talents to the world.
NAVTEC & SBTE
NAVTEC specially focuses on disadvantaged group to economically disadvantaged region. The most enticing feature of Navtec is to enhance the employability of youth and supporting women to participate in labor force more actively. Today, rate of women participation is only 29 percent, which is far less than other regional countries. Under President's Fanni Maharat Program individuals, across the country, are provided opportunities to gain skills from vocational training institutes/centers.
Prime Minister's Hunar Mand Pakistan Program is also a similar kind of step to launch different skill development program in four priority sectors including: construction, agriculture, IT and telecommunication, women skill development.
Realizing the real need and importance, the commission has made itself up for establishing of sector specific training institutes and centre of excellence. These institutes make available linkages between industry and technical institutes and facilitate information flow of industrial innovation. In this regards, the contribution of different industries advisory groups (IAGs), established by NAVTEC, to create missing links between industries and training providers cannot be ruled out.
IAGs has identified five priories sectors textile, construction, tourism and hospitality, surgical instruments and agricultural. IAGs also continue its working to remove future's shortcoming for keeping up the balance, in skill required at work places. First time in the history of Pakistan, national skill competition was also conducted so as competing institutes, and participating males and females are encouraged to be compatible with the industry requirements. Under the different long-term programs, the commission emphasizes a shift from curriculum base to competency-based training through its national skills strategy 2009-13 to create demand driven training system as per the requirement of industry.
National Level Survey of all TVET institutes has also been planned to gather information about capacity enrolment, courses, physical resources, linkages to industries, student services, financial resources, under public-private partnerships.
Sindh Board of Technical Education (SBTE) is also responsible to organize, regulate, develop, and control technical, vocational, industrial and commercial education in the province of Sindh.