FOOD INFLATION

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)
Research Analyst
, PAGE
May 7 - 20, 2012

AVERAGE MONTHLY FOOD PRICES OF ESSENTIAL ITEMS IN PAKISTAN (APRIL 2012)

S. NO DESCRIPTION UNIT ISLAMABAD LAHORE KARACHI PESHAWAR AVERAGE
1 WHEAT 10 KG 277.50 273.91 290.00 290.00 273.87
2 WHEAT FLOUR BAG 10 KG 302.50 300.00 350.00 308.13 310.26
3 Rice Basmati Broken KG 73.21 65.00 61.54 70.10 62.10
4 RICE IRRI-6/9 KG 52.50 56.79 48.62 49.08 46.90
5 BREAD PLAIN MED.SIZE (340-400 GM.) EACH 30.00 30.00 32.00 30.00 31.32
6 BEEF KG 276.25 253.93 286.15 250.00 261.00
7 MUTTON KG 552.50 553.93 526.15 500.00 499.93
8 CHICKEN LIVE (FARM) KG 165.38 159.61 165.00 169.25 166.46
9 MILK FRESH LTR 69.53 53.04 73.00 59.90 60.23
10 CURD KG 78.28 62.14 96.62 70.00 70.14
11 MILK POWDERED NIDO 400GM 270.00 270.00 270.00 263.75 268.38
12 EGG HEN (FARM) DOZ 70.81 66.29 67.00 72.00 72.43
13 MUSTARD OIL KG 235.00 186.96 175.58 197.50 183.90
14 COOKING OIL(TIN) 2.5 LTR 515.00 515.00 515.00 515.00 512.35
15 VEG. GHEE (TIN) 2.5KG 515.00 515.00 515.00 515.00 512.35
16 VEG.GHEE LOOSE KG 171.25 170.79 171.54 183.33 174.23
17 BANANAS DOZ 132.50 90.98 53.08 78.75 77.21
18 MASOOR PULSE WASHED KG 113.75 103.02 94.81 92.29 100.88
19 MOONG PULSE WASHED KG 128.13 120.43 123.08 99.00 122.56
20 MASH PULSE WASHED KG 155.00 155.71 118.95 131.25 141.81
21 GRAM PULSE WASHED KG 104.69 97.49 94.81 97.81 98.70
22 POTATOES KG 33.25 25.22 20.98 27.81 23.47
23 ONIONS KG 40.16 25.63 23.08 30.21 25.60
24 TOMATOES KG 72.28 65.40 30.58 52.71 50.24
25 SUGAR KG 58.75 56.74 55.62 56.00 55.56
26 GUR KG 95.63 78.04 66.54 66.88 69.11
27 SALT POWDERED LOOSE (LAHORI) KG 9.50 8.00 7.00 10.00 8.38
28 RED CHILLIES POWDER LOOSE KG 321.25 297.50 306.15 354.58 308.35
29 GARLIC KG 134.85 86.61 82.88 99.17 96.32
30 TEA (YELLOW LABLE 200 GM.) 200 GM. 142.11 142.11 142.11 142.11 142.11
31 COOKED BEEF PLATE EACH 67.50 65.54 50.00 80.00 63.13
32 COOKED DAL PLATE EACH 41.88 41.79 35.00 60.00 38.34
33 TEA PREPARED (SADA) CUP 15.00 14.30 15.00 15.00 14.83
Note: cities include in average prices: Islamabad- Rawalpindi- Gujranwala-Sialkot- Lahore Faisalabad- Sargodha- Multan- Bahawalpur- Karachi- Hyderabad- Sukkur- Larkana- Peshawar- Bannu –Quetta- Khuzdar

PERIOD AVERAGE AND YOY % CHANGES OF INDICES
(Base 2007-08)

INDEX AVERAGES JULY-APRIL % CHANGES APRIL OVER APRIL % CHANGES
2011-12 2010-11 2009-10 2011-12 2010-11 2009-10
CPI 10.84 13.81 9.70 11.27 12.54 12.10
SPI 6.72 17.24 12.56 7.53 14.21 17.36
WPI 11.24 20.96 12.81 3.80 24.88 19.74


INFLATION RATES

COUNTRY LATEST 2011 2010
Bangladesh 10.43 10.63 8.28
Turkey 10.43 10.45 6.4
Japan 0.5 -0.2 0
India 9.47 7.5 9.47
Italy 3.3 3.3 1.9
Sri Lanka 5.5 4.9 6.9
Saudi Arabia 5.4 5.3 5.4
United States 2.7 3 1.5
Singapore 5.2 5.5 4.6
Hong Kong 4.9 5.7 2.9
Indonesia 4.5 3.79 6.96
UAE 0.73 0.2 1.73
China 3.6 4.1 4.6
United Kingdom 3.5 4.2 3.7

EXPORTS RECEIPTS BY FOOD GROUP
(July-Mar) (Thousand US $)

ITEMS 2010-11 2011-12(p)
A. Food Group 2,802,350 2,784,576
01. Rice 1,552,148 1,544,772
A) Basmati 896,991 794,489
B) Others 655,157 750,283
02 Fish & Fish Preparations 188,992 236,603
03 Fruits 213,537 195,426
04 Vegetables/Leguminous Vegetable 125,738 76,226
05 Tobacco 18,916 18,327
06 Wheat Unmilled 219,587 54,864
07 Spices 20,370 27,134
08 Oil Seeds, Nuts and Kernals 11,071 19,059
09 Sugar 428 2,040
10 Meat and Meat Preparations 130,198 156,298
11 All Other Food Items 321,365 453,827

US $ RATES  PER PAK RUPEE

YEARS LEADERS US $
1972 Z.A. Bhutto Rs 4.7
1977 Z.A. Bhutto Rs 9.9
1983 Gen Ziaulhaq Rs 13.1
1987 Gen Ziaulhaq Rs 17.7
1990 Benazir Bhutto Rs 24
1991 Nawaz Sharif Rs 25
1994 Benazir Bhutto Rs 30.6
1996 Benazir Bhutto Rs 40.3
1997-99 Nawaz Sharif Rs 53
1999-08 Pervaiz Musharraf Rs 62
2008 to date Yousuf Raza Gilani Rs 91.50

MAJOR KHARIF AND RABI CROPS

CROPS 2009-10 2010-11 (P)
AREA
(000 HECTARES)
PRODUCTION
(000 TONS)
AREA
(000 HECTARES)
PRODUCTION
(000 TONS)
KHARIF
Maize 935 3262 939 3341
Bajra 476 293 548 346
Jawar 248 154 221 139
RABI
Gram 1067 562 1068 523
Barley 84 71 83 73
Rapeseed & Mustard 178 151 194 168
Tobacco 56 119 64 138

IMPORT PAYMENTS BY FOOD GROUP
(July-Mar) (Thousand US $)

FOOD GROUP 2010-11 2011-12 (p)
1.Milk And Cream Incl For Infants 103,621 109,432
2.Wheat Unmilled 219 588
3.Dry Fruits 41,966 50,330
4.Tea 247,463 253,488
5.Spices 65,271 50,390
6.Soyabean Oil 59,524 33,388
7.Palm Oil 1,354,731 1,810,415
8.Sugar 645,595 8,525
9.Pulses 284,370 255,605
10.All Others Food Items 812,808 1,027,765

PETROLEUM PRICES IN PAKISTAN DURING

PRODUCT RETAIL PRICE (RS/LTR) (APRIL 2012)
HOBC 135.81
Premium 103.36
High Speed Diesel 107
Light Speed Diesel 98.74
Kerosene Oil 99.95

PAKISTAN: REAL GDP GROWTH RATE (%)

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
6.8 3.7 1.7 3.8 2.4