APPLE - ROOTSTOCK OF HEALINGS

DR. S. M. ALAM
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)

Jan 2 - 8, 20
12

The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree. It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits, and the most widely known of the many members of genus Malus that are used by humans.

There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. Cultivars vary in their yield and the ultimate size of the tree, even when grown on the same rootstock.

At least 55 million tones of apples were grown worldwide in 2005, with a value of about $10 billion. China produced about 35 per cent of this total.

The United States is the world's second-leading producer, accounting for more than 7.5 per cent of world production. Iran is third, followed by Turkey, Russia, Italy and India.

The genus has around 25 varieties. Apple is the most cultivated fruit in the United States. The pilgrims planted the first apple tree in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The only apple native to the country is the crabapple.

According to the U.S. Apple Association, there are more than 2500 varieties of apples grown in the states and more than 7500 varieties grown in the world.

The apple tree is originated in the mineral rich mountain ranges of Kazakhstan, and cultivated in many parts of the world.

Apple fruit features oval or pear shape; and the outer skin has different colors depending upon the cultivar type. Internally, the juicy pulp has off-white to cream in color and has mix of mild sweet and tart taste. The seeds are inedible because of their bitter taste.

HEALTH BENEFITS OF APPLE

* Delicious and crunchy apple is one of the popular fruit that contains an impressive list of essential nutrients, which are required for normal growth and development and overall nutritional well-being.

* Apples are low in calories; 100 g of fresh fruit slices provide only 50 calories. They contain no saturated fats or cholesterol, but rich in dietary fiber, which helps prevent absorption of dietary cholesterol in the gut. The dietary fibers also help protect the mucous membrane of the colon from exposure to toxic substances by binding to cancer causing chemicals in the colon.

* Apple fruit contains good quantities of vitamin-C and beta carotene. Vitamin C is a powerful natural antioxidant. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals from the body.

* Apples are rich in antioxidant phyto-nutrients flavonoids and polyphenols. The total measured anti-oxidant strength of 100 g apple fruit is 5900 TE. Apples are also good in tartaric acid that gives tart flavor to them. These compounds help body protect from deleterious effects of free radicals.

* In addition, apple fruit is a good source of B-complex vitamins such as riboflavin, thiamin, and pyridoxine (vitamin B-6). Together these vitamins help as co-factors for enzymes in metabolism as well as in various synthetic functions inside the body.

* Apple also contains small amount of minerals like potassium, phosphorus and calcium. Potassium in an important component of cell and body fluids helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure; thus counters the bad influences of sodium.

* The old saying "to eat an apple going to bed will make the doctor beg his bread" has been justified by its many health-rich properties. A member of the rose family, fossil remains have shown that apples were gathered and stored 5,000 years ago and it's likely that they were already cultivated during the Neolithic times. Apples are excellent detoxifiers and apple juice can destroy viruses in the body.

* Apple cleans teeth and strengthens gum.

* Detoxifies the body and has an antiviral property.

* Apple also prevents constipation because it helps digestion.

* One large apple supplies almost 30 per cent of minimum amount of fiber that should be consumed daily.

* Apple aids healing gout and rheumatism.

* Eating two apples a day reduce cholesterol level up to 10 per cent.

* Drinking an apple juice, three times a day, is said to prevent virus from settling in the body.

* Another benefit of apple is for those who have problem with their stomach. If you have problem with indigestion, eat apples before meals.

* Grated apple, when mixed with live yogurt may be helpful in cases of diarrhea.

Apple has the womb of many vitamins, minerals and other elements such as fiber, tannin, baron, acid tartars, and other, very much needed for our bodies to prevent and cope with various diseases.

Apple fruit is rich in vitamin contents. Some of the vitamins found in fruits include vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin B9, vitamin C. Apple fruit contains many minerals.

D-glucaric acid is a substance that can lower cholesterol level. D-glucaric acid is also found in apple fruit.

Quercetin is a substance needed to increase the degree antioxidants so that the body feels more healthy and prevents diseases. Fruit apples contain substances quercetin.