Nov 21 - 27, 20

On one hand, Pakistan is facing multifaceted and complex challenges while on the other hand, despite abundance of natural resources, underinvestment in human development is not only hindering growth potential but also leading to a number of social issues.

The world we are living in today is confronted with various challenges. These challenges can not only reset our direction but also affect our future. It is a complex world defined by the forces of change and evolution. Only those individuals and nations can compete in today's hi-tech environment that has done their homework well in advance and made knowledge the pivot of their progress and development.

In today's globalized world, knowledge has been acknowledged as an engine of growth and development. The challenges of the 21st century can be addressed adequately if our educational institutions encourage a sense of critical inquiry and a thirst for knowledge among the students. Our teaching institutions and universities need to become the hub of research and creativity capable of offering fresh insights into the contemporary problems.

Staggering developments in the field of science and technology have stunned the humankind. The countries have been left with little option but to invest in the fields of education and human resource development to stay afloat in today's world. Doing so is the only way to ensure and sustain socioeconomic development. After the Chinese example, population should not be considered as a burden anymore.

Pakistan's demographic potential is huge with 63 per cent of its population being under 25 years of age. This, potential, if channelized in a systematic manner can not only bring economic prosperity but also help overcome challenges posed to the country. In this regard, establishment of linkages between our educational institutions and job markets is one way of making this happen. The promotion of industry-academia collaboration would go a long way in preparing future leaders endowed with necessary vision to respond to present-day challenges.

Experts urged the government to devise a plan to uproot unemployment by providing technical training to 30 million youth. Science and research into new technologies are of paramount importance in the development of any country's social and economic environment.

The country needs to be backed up by the necessary human resources capable of exploiting the potential for boosting growth and development. However, the country is missing out on the benefits of innovation because we lack the scientific resources and capacities to produce qualified professionals to develop, maintain and use new technologies.

According to them, in the present world the concept of wealth has been shifted from physical to the human capital. The human beings are seen as a resource rather than a liability. Trained and developed people contribute to the economic growth of one country.

On the other hand, the countries with undeveloped and under utilized human resource perish. Unfortunately, the underdevelopment of the economy has negative impact over the investment of the human capital. The economic condition of Pakistan is deteriorating day by day. In such a critical situation, we need to come out with some suitable outcome. One of them may be the training and development of the human capital of the country.


Health has very important socioeconomic significance. Healthy population has its own values. It raises the human capital of the country and contributes towards the economic development of a country. The countries spend on the health sector to increase their productivity. Thus, government spending is an important human capital investment. The impact of economic growth can be seen on the government spending on HRD related activities in Pakistan. For example, the health expenditure is showing a rising trend after 1999 with the rising economic growth in the country.


The quality of human resource plays a critical role in the rise and fall of nations, and human resource can be developed with the help of education. A nation's overall position and its standing in the world community, to a large extent, is determined by the standards of its educational system. Education is about gaining knowledge and mastering science and technology and control of information and also concerned with the nation's belief system, culture and civilization, and values. Education represents, simultaneously, a nation's past, present, and future. Therefore, it is an obligation of every responsible state to recognize education as right of every citizen.

The vocational education is, however, has an advantage of absorbing specific job-relevant skills that can make the worker more readily suitable for a given job and would make him thus more productive. Therefore, both are imperative. The education systems in many countries include both general and vocational streams of education in varying proportions.

The population growth and economic underdevelopment should be controlled to invest on training and development of the human resource of Pakistan. Trained and developed human resource can increase the economic growth of the country.

Human resource development is must to achieve the goal of progress and prosperity for ensuring bright future of coming generations.