FOOD & AGRICULTURE

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)
Research Analyst
, PAGE
July 18 - 24, 2011

AREA (000 hectares) AND PRODUCTION ( 000 tons) OF OTHER MAJOR KHARIF AND RABI CROPS

CROPS 2009-10 2010-11 (P)
AREA PRODUCTION AREA PRODUCTION % CHANGE IN PRODUCTION OVER LAST YEAR
KHARIF
Maize 935 3262 939 3341 2.4
Bajra 476 293 548 346 18.1
Jawar 248 154 221 139 -9.7
RABI
Gram 1067 562 1068 523 -6.9
Barley 84 71 83 73 2.8
Rapeseed & Mustard 178 151 194 168 11.3
Tobacco 56 119 64 138 16.0

ACTUAL SURFACE WATER AVAILABILITY (Million Acre Feet)

PERIOD KHARIF RABI TOTAL %AGE INCR/DECR. OVER THE AVG.
Average system usage 67.1 36.4 103.5 -
2003-04 65.9 31.5 97.4 - 5.9
2004-05 59.1 23.1 82.2 - 20.6
2005-06 70.8 30.1 100.9 - 2.5
2006-07 63.1 31.2 94.3 - 8.9
2007-08 70.8 27.9 98.7 - 4.6
2008-09 66.9 24.9 91.8 -11.3
2009-10 67.3 25.0 92.3 -10.8
2010-11 53.4 34.6 88.0 -15.0

AGRICULTURE GROWTH

YEAR %
2005-06 6.3
2006-07 4.1
2007‐08 1.0
2008‐09 4.0
2009‐10 0.6
2010-11 1.2

MAJOR COTTON GROWING COUNTRIES (Mn Tons)

COUNTRIES 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
PRODUCTION
China 8.02 6.92 6.40
India 4.93 5.05 5.30
USA 2.79 2.65 3.94
Pakistan 1.93 2.07 1.91
Brazil 1.21 1.19 2.03
Uzbekistan 1.0 0.85 1.00
Others 3.56 3.27 4.21
World Total 23.44 22.00 24.79
CONSUMPTION
China 9.26 10.10 10.00
India 3.87 4.29 4.61
Pakistan 2.52 2.31 2.22
East Asia/Australia 1.67 1.83 1.78
Europe & Turkey 1.41 1.55 1.48
Brazil 0.99 1.00 1.04
USA 0.78 0.75 0.81
Others 3.17 3.18 3.11
World Total 23.67 25.03 25.05

CPI, SPI AND WPI IN PAKISTAN ON YEARLY BASIS

PERIOD INDICES % CHANGE OVER
CPI SPI WPI CPI SPI WPI
2000-01 100 100 100 - - -
2001-02 103.54 103.37 102.08 3.54 3.37 2.08
2002-03 106.75 107.06 107.77 3.10 3.58 5.57
2003-04 111.63 114.38 116.29 4.57 6.83 7.91
2004-05 121.98 127.59 124.14 9.28 11.55 6.75
2005-06 131.64 136.56 136.68 7.92 7.02 10.10
2006-07 141.87 151.34 146.18 7.77 10.82 6.94
2007-08 158.90 176.78 170.15 12.00 16.81 16.41
2008-09 191.90 218.16 201.10 20.77 23.41 18.19
2009-10 214.41 247.22 226.49 11.73 13.32 12.63
2010-11 244.26 292.16 279.39 13.92 18.18 23.35

WHEAT AREA HARVESTED

PROVINCE AREA (MILLION HECTARES) PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL AREA
Punjab 6.836 76
Sindh 1.041 12
KPK 0.686 8
Baluchistan 0.327 4
Total 8.890 100

REAL GDP (COMMODITY PRODUCING SECTOR WISE DATA) (RS. Mn)

2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
Commodity Producing Sector 2,580,671 2,702,290 2,715,883
I. Agriculture 1,195,002 1,201,945 1,216,523
Crops 539,336 519,132 509,393
Major Crops 402,135 392,651 376,822
Minor Crops 137,201 126,481 132,571
Livestock 620,253 646,783 670,743
Fishing 21,319 21,626 22,041
Forestry 14,094 14,404 14,346
Note: at constant price of 1999-00

IMPORTS PAYMENTS BY FOOD GROUP ( thousand US $)

ITEM JULY- JUNE MAY APR (R ) MAY (P) JULY-MAY
2008-09 2009-10 2010 2011 2011 2010-11
Food Group 3,586,061 3,079,209 310,692 331,119 304,745 4,251,432
1.Milk And Cream Incl For Infants 68,038 87,552 9,147 14,352 13,633 131,605
2.Wheat Unmilled 918,579 8 0 45 30 294
3.Dry Fruits 56,155 61,029 6,144 7,804 6,335 56,104
4.Tea 200,476 254,573 21,368 28,028 20,948 296,439
5.Spices 53,730 64,602 6,269 5,485 5,803 76,559
6.Soyabean Oil 48,702 12,987 555 102 119 59,745
7.Palm Oil 1,342,483 1,239,365 103,068 171,099 169,546 1,695,376
8.Sugar 51,355 287,116 54,865 806 1,394 647,795
9.Pulses 200,268 229,544 26,203 31,069 25,931 341,370
10.All Others Food Items 646,275 842,431 83,073 72,330 61,007 946,144

PRODUCTION AND EXPORT OF FRUIT (Jul-Mar)

FISCAL YEAR PRODUCTION OF IMPORTANT FRUIT (000 TONNES) EXPORT
CITRUS MANGO APPLE BANANA APRICOT ALMONDS GRAPES GUAVA (000 TONNES) VALUE (MLN. RS)
2004-05 1,843 1,671 352 158 205 23 49 572 281 5,408
2005-06 2,458 1,754 351 164 197 23 49 552 455 7,508
2006-07 1,473 1,720 348 150 177 24 47 555 343 6,894
2007-08 2,294 1,754 442 156 240 27 75 539 411 9,085
2008-09 2,132 1,728 441 157 238 27 76 512 466 12,314
2009-10 P 2,203 1,847 426 155 235 26 77 516 533 16,554

PRODUCTION OF IMPORTANT CROPS (000 tonnes)

FY WHEAT RICE BAJ JOW MAIZE BAR TOT FOOD GRAINS GRAM SUGAR CANE PAM SES COTTON (000 BALES) TOB
2005-06 21,277 5,547 221 153 3,110 88 30,396 480 44,666 172 35.0 13,019 113
2006-07 23,295 5,438 238 180 3,088 93 32,337 838 54,742 212 30.0 12,856 103
2007-08 20,959 5,563 305 170 3,605 87 31,198 475 63,920 176 32.8 11,655 108
2008-09 24,033 6,952 296 165 3,593 82 35,121 741 50,045 188 41.0 11,819 105
2009-10 P 23,864 6,883 293 154 3,487 78 34,759 571 49,373 202 33.4 12,698 104
BAJ: BAJRA, JOW: JOWAR, BAR: BARLEY, RAM: RAPESEED AND MUSTARD, SES: SESAMUM, TOB: TOBACCO

SECTORAL CONTRIBUTION TO THE GDP GROWTH (% Points)

SECTOR 2009-10 2010-11
Agriculture 0.13 0.26
Industry 2.09 -0.02
- Manufacturing 1.01 0.55
Services 1.54 2.15

HISTORICAL AGRICULTURE GROWTH

YEARS % YEARS %
1960's 5.1 1970's 2.4
1980's 5.4 1990's 4.4
2000's 3.2 - -