IS EDUCATION A NATIONAL PRIORITY?

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)
Research Analyst
, PAGE
June 20 - 26, 2011

NUMBER OF MAINSTREAM INSTITUTIONS, ENROLMENT AND TEACHERS
(In Thousands)

YEAR ENROLMENT INSTITUTIONS TEACHERS
2008-09 2009-10 (P) 2010-11 (E) 2008-09 2009-10(P) 2010-11(E) 2008-09 2009-10 (P) 2010-11 (E)
Pre-Primary 8,435 8,743 8,925 -- -- -- -- -  
Primary 18,468 18,756 19,022 156.7 157.4 157.0 465.3 466.5 470.0
Middle 5,414 5,501 5,525 40.9 41.3 41.8 320.5 331.3 337.5
High 2,556 2,582 2,658 24.3 24.8 25.2 439.3 446.5 455.2
Higher Sec./ Inter 1,074 1,165 1,257 3.2 3.3 3.4 76.2 77.1 79.2
Degree Colleges 429 542 620 1.3 1.4 1.6 21.2 30.8 35.7
Universities 804 936 1,105 0.1 0.1 - 52.8 57.8 63.5
Total 37,180 38,226 39,111 226.6 228.4 229.0 1,375.3 1,409.8 1,441.2

MISSING FACILITIES IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS 2009-10 (IN NUMBER)
PROVINCE/ AREA WITHOUT BUILDING WITHOUT BOUNDARY WALL WITHOUT
DRINKING WATER
WITHOUT LATRINE WITHOUT ELECTRICITY
Punjab 1,061 11,665 7,529 12,125 23,685
Sindh 10,722 24,001 24,559 21,664 41,230
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 430 8,327 9,280 7,291 13,134
Balochistan 760 1,436 5,520 8,449 9,821
AJK 2,596 5,061 3,906 4,212 4,443
Gilgit-Baltistan 202 1,053 975 934 1,065
FATA 225 1,834 3,095 3,050 2,839
ICT 0 12 9 9 6
Total Pakistan 15,996 53,389 54,873 57,734 96,223
In % 9.8 32.7 33.6 35.4 59.0

SECTOR-WISE AND PHASE-WISE FINANCIAL RESOURCES/BUDGET REQUIRED (Rs. Million):

EFA Sectors PHASE I
(2001-02 TO2005-06)
PHASE II
(2006-07 TO2010-11)
PHASE III
(2011-12 TO2015-16)
A) PRIMARY EDUCATION
Developing 37,870 10,202 14,966
Recurring 21,640 52,690 64,810
Total 59,510 62,892 79,776
B) ADULT LITERACY
Developing 16,582 16,775 17,811
Recurring 36,857 41,246 50,705
Total 53,439 58,021 68,516
C) EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
Developing 2,450 3,075 6,375
Recurring 4,345 10,500 21,000
Total 6,795 13,575 27,375

SECTOR-WIDE AND PHASE-WISE ADDITIONAL ENROLMENT TARGETS SET IN NPA ( in Million):

EFA SECTORS PHASE 1
(2001-02 TO2005-06)
PHASE II
(2006-07 TO2010-11)
PHASE III
(2011-12 TO2015-16)
Primary Education 3.6 1.4 0.6
Early Childhood Education 0.4 0.45 0.8
New Literates 21 28 32


TOTAL PUBLIC SECTOR COST ESTIMATES OF NPA (Rs. Million)

COST PHASE I
(2001-02 TO2005-06)
PHASE II
(2006-07 TO2010-11)
PHASE III
(2011-12 TO2015-16)
G. TOTAL
Developing 56,902 30,052 39,152 126,106
Recurring 62,842 104,436 136,515 303,793
G. Total l 119,744 134,488 175,667 429,899
YEAR-WISE COST (AVERAGE PER YEAR) (RS. MILLION)
COST PHASE I
(2001-02 TO2005-06)
PHASE II
(2006-07 TO2010-11)
PHASE III
(2011-12 TO2015-16)
Developing 11,380 6,010 7,830
Recurring 12,568 20,887 27,303
Total 23,949 26,898 35,133


SECTOR-WIDE TARGETED PARTICIPATION RATE AND ADULT LITERACY RATE (%)

PARTICIPATION RATE 2000 2005 2010 2015
Primary Education 66 79 93.5 100
Early Childhood Education 25 32 40 50
Adult Literacy (Rate) 49 61 71 86


PRIMARY AND MIDDLE LEVEL GROSS PARTICIPATION RATES AND TARGETS (%)

LEVEL 1999-2000 2015-2016
TOTAL FEMALE TOTAL FEMALE
Primary Level 89 70 120 120
Middle Level 38 31 80 80

BUDGET: CURRENT EXPENDITURE (Rs in Million)

CLASSIFICATION BUDGET 2010-11 REVISED 2010-11 BUDGET 2011-12
General Public Service 1,387,664 1,655,566 1,659,978
Defence Affairs and Services 442,173 444,640 495,215
Public Order and Safety Affairs 51,263 58,735 59,609
Economic Affairs 66,897 79,960 50,307
Environment Protection 448 448 577
Housing and Community Amenities 1,842 1,657 1,602
Health Affairs & Services 7,283 7,455 2,646
Recreational, Culture and Religion 4,359 4,197 4,247
Education Affairs and Services 34,500 40,324 39,513
Social Protection 1,463 2,940 1,164
total 1,997,892 2,295,921 2,314,859