TECHNICAL EDUCATION

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)
Research Analyst
, PAGE
May 2 - 15, 2011

Technical education plays an important role in human capital formation. It raises the productivity and efficiency of individuals and thus produces skilled work force that is capable of leading the economy towards the path of sustainable economic development.

Like many other developing countries, the situation of the education sector in Pakistan is also very disappointing. The low enrolment rates at the primary level, wide disparities between regions and gender, lack of trained teachers, deficiency of proper teaching materials and poor physical infrastructure of schools indicate the poor performance of this sector.

In recent years, the enrolment rates have increased considerably. However, the high dropout rate could not be controlled at primary level.

Due to low levels of educational attainment and lack of technical and vocational education, Pakistan's labour market is dominated by less educated and unskilled work force. A considerable rise in the number of educational institutions and enrolment after 1980s is not yet reflected in Pakistan's labour market. This might be due to the fact that most of the bachelor's and master's degree program emphasize only on academic education without developing specific skills.

The sluggish demand for the graduates of these programs in the job markets leads to unemployment among the educated and the job market remains dominated by the less educated.

In this scenario, it becomes important to explore the role of technical education for the economic benefit of individuals.

Education is divided into three groups. The education, which teaches the concerns of a society, is called social education. The education, which develops a personality inside a person, is called spiritual education. The education that concerns with the professionalism is called vocational education.

The technical education comes under the branch of vocational education, which deals practically in the field of trade, commerce, agriculture, medicine, and engineering.

Furthermore, technical education promotes the material prosperity and economic advancement. It produces the sense of self-respect and dignity. Pakistan is rich in raw material resources but we must have enough technical information to benefit from them. We are living in the modern age of science where we find technologies in every aspect of life. What make life so brain friendly for us are the technologies, which we use for our ease and comforts not only in our daily life but also in the research centre, in defensive measured of a country, biological aspects etc.

No nation could generate the progress unless it promotes technical aspects in its fields. The technical education produces technicians for all type of industries and it is true that the progress of a country much depend upon its industrialization without which a handsome economy would not be possible.

Using a technology is far easier than to develop it. For developing a technology, it needs high skill teams which have a high data for the theme. It also needs a high amount of time and also money. To fulfill all these, there must be technical institutes, which must cover all the faculties of technological studies and also support of government. If it would be at international level then it would be easier for students to grab data in their own state so that they could do something for their own country.

The exhibition centers in Pakistan play a vital role in backing up the technicians to come up with more and more new technologies because they reflect our technologies to the foreigners. By this, we have a sense of development and prosperity that we also produce creative minds.

As far as Pakistan's implementation in techno field is concerned, we might look around and observe that in every field of life we are using high-class technologies. There has been a lot of emergence of online trading, which deals with high technological concerns in term of machinery and software.

Pakistan also promises to produce best technicians of its own through their technical education centers which allow approximately all the faculties for technical development. These institutes also support the new courses of technology, which are introduced at an instant so that there would be no line at which we lay behind.

In this regard, there are many Pakistani universities and institutes, which support the technological subjects. These institutes promise to produce technicians who could meet the challenges of the technological era.

CONCLUSION

Education is generally viewed crucial for rapid economic growth, and essential if we wish to increase the productivity of the poor by providing people with the skills they need to participate fully in the economy and society. Therefore, it is important for government to offer different educational programs in terms of population, social requirements, and globalization, and so on. Since independence, many attempts have been made for the renewal of educational policy, but the desired development has yet to take place, because most of the educational policies and developmental steps overlook technical education.

EDUCATION LEVELS (%) OF POPULATION

No Formal Education 42
Below Matriculation 38
Matric but less than Inter 11
Inter but less than degree 5
Degree and above 4