IT & EDUCATION

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)
Research Analyst
, PAGE
Apr 4 - 10, 2011

IT INDUSTRY IN PAKISTAN

Total number of IT companies registered with PSEB 1141
. 393 Karachi
362 Islamabad/Rawalpindi
337 Lahore
Number of substantial IT companies region-wise breakup 049 Others
Total number of foreign IT and telecommunication companies working in Pakistan 60
Number of CMMI-assessed companies One CMM Level 5 company, one CMMI Level 5 company, three CMMI Level 3 companies and sixteen CMMI Level 2 companies
Number of IT graduates produced per year Approximately 20,000
Number of universities offering IT/CS programs 110
Number of IT professionals engaged in export-oriented activities (software development/call centers etc.) More than 24,000
Total number of IT professionals employed in Pakistan More than 125,000
Total space utilized in IT & Software Technology Parks Nine IT Parks covering an area around 700,000 sq ft


IT SECTOR HC REQUIREMENTS

. 2008-09 2009-10
IT Industry HC (Exports) 46,025 76,709
IT Industry HC (Domestic) 58,816 78,225
Public Sector (Government, Semi--government and Defense) 33,275 36,603
SECP-registered Public and Private-sector Companies 33,275 36,603
Educational Sector 6,655 7,321
Total 178,046 235,461
IT INDUSTRY HC REQUIREMENTS 2008-09 2009-10
IT HC (Exports) 46,025 76,709
IT HC (Domestic) 58,816 78,225
IT HC (Total) 104,841 154,934
Non-IT HC (Total) 52,421 77,467
Total HC 157,262 232,401


FDI IN TELECOM (US $ MILLION)

2005-06 1,905
2006-07 1,824
2007-08 1,439
2008-09 815
2009-10 374


TELECOM INVESTMENT (US $ MILLION)

ITEMS 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10
Cellular 2,584.5 2,337.7 1,229.75 908.8
LDI 602.8 403.9 276.75 183.1
LL 40.6 342.1 57.37 22.5
WILL 747.0 52.8 82.11 23.0
Total 3,974.8 3,136.4 1,645.98 1,137.51


TAXES BY CELLULAR MOBILE INDUSTRY (RS. MILLION)

ITEMS 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10
GST 28,324 36,793 40,150 36,212
ACTIVATION 17,579 19,189 14,189 6,614
WITHHOLDING 17,438 23,386 28,002 29,125
TOTAL 63,341 79,368 82,341 71,951

MISSING FACILITIES IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS 2008?09

PROVINCE/ AREA WITHOUT BUILDING WITHOUT BOUNDARY WALL WITHOUT DRINKING WATER WITHOUT ELECTRICITY
Punjab 505 13,378 8,279 26,825
Sindh 11,669 24,470 26,240 39,616
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 1,113 9,116 10,029 13,719
Balochistan 681 7,689 4,197 9,806
AJK 2,705 4,498 3,074 4,083
Gilgit-Baltistan 183 1,084 1,069 1,072
FATA 908 1,024 2,101 1,640
ICT 0 15 7 8
Total Pakistan 17,764 61,274 54,996 96,769
In % 10.9 37.7 33.9 59.6


NO, OF MAINSTREAM INSTITUTIONS, ENROLMENT AND TEACHERS BY LEVEL

ITEMS ENROLMENT INSTITUTIONS TEACHERS
2008-09 2009-10 2008-09 2009-10 2008-09 2009-10
Pre-Primary 8,434,826 8,623,544 - - - -
Primary*Mosque 18,468,096 18,714,582 156,653 156,364 465,334 469,151
Middle 5,414,157 5,445,247 40,919 41,456 320,480 323,824
High 2,556,186 2,699,589 24,322 24,822 439,316 447,117
Higher Sec./Inter 1,074,323 1,147,807 3,291 3,399 76,184 78,656
Degree Colleges 429,251 458,835 1,238 1,275 21,176 21,385
Universities. 803,507 948,364 129 132 50,825 56,839
Total 37,180,346 38,037,968 226,552 227,448 1,373,315 1,396,972

COMPARISON OF PUBLIC SECTOR SPENDING ON EDUCATION

COUNTRY PUBLIC SECTOR SPENDING
(AS % GDP)
LITERACY RATE
(%)
Bangladesh 2.6 55.0
China - 93.7
India 3.3 -
Indonesia 3.5 -
Iran 5.2 -
Malaysia 4.7 92.1
Nepal 3.2 57.9
Pakistan 2.1 57.0
Sri Lanka - 90.6
Thailand 4.5 -
Vietnam 5.3 92.5


NUMBER OF PHDS IN PAKISTAN

YEARS NUMBERS YEARS NUMBERS
2001 202 2005 322
2002 273 2006 409
2003 254 2007 420
2004 308 2008 613


EDUCATION LEVELS (%)

No Formal Education 42
Below Matric 38
Matric but less than Inter 11
Inter but less than degree 5
Degree and above 4


BUDGET: EXPENDITURE & DEVELOPMENT2010- 11 (Rs. Bn)

EXPENDITURE
(A) CURRENT 1997.9
General Public Service 1387.7
Defence Affairs & Services 442.2
Public Order Safety Affairs 51.3
Economic Affairs 66.9
Environment Protection 0.4
Housing and Community 1.8
Health Affairs and Services 7.3
Recreational, Culture Services 4.4
Education Affairs Service 34.5
Social Protection 1.5
(B) DEVELOPMENT
PSDP 663.0
Federal Government 290.0
Provincial Government 373.0
Est. Operational Shortfall -20.0
Other Dev. Expenditure 123.5
TOTAL EXPENDITURE ( A + B ) 2764.4