GAS DEMAND & SUPPLY

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)
Research Analyst
, PAGE
Jan 10 - 16, 2011

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN PAKISTAN

FISCAL YEAR PETROLEUM PRODUCTS GAS ELECTRICITY COAL
TONNES (000) CHANGE
(%)
(MMCFT) CHANGE
(%)
(GWH) CHANGE
(%)
M.T*
(000)
CHANGE
(%)
07-08 18,080 7.3 1,275,212 4.4 73,400 0.9 10,111 28.1
08-09 17,911 -0.9 1,269,433 -0.5 70,371 -4.1 8,390 -17.0
Avg. 10 years   0.5 - 6.8 - 5.0 - 12.5
Jul-Mar
08-09 12,892 - 931,700 - 55,614 - 4,822 -
09-10 (e) 13,937 8.1 959,475 3.0 54,653 -1.7 5,304 10.0

PRODUCTION OF NATURAL GAS (mmcfd)

REGION 2008-09 JULY-MARCH CHANGE (%)
2008-09 2009-10
BHP 446.65 435.36 524.11 20.39
ENI 420.33 416.6 434.11 4.20
Dewan 38.14 40.45 16.12 -60.15
MGCL 464.95 469.07 494.32 5.38
OGDCL 933.01 920.11 872.1 -5.22
OMV 473.11 467.61 439.13 -6.09
POL 24.58 25.81 24.55 -4.88
PPL 810.35 812.17 794.99 -2.12
PEL 30.43 30.66 28.19 -8.06
BP 244.98 222.99 246.53 10.56
Petronas 13.99 15.4 16.26 5.58
MOL 62.3 63.45 149.2 135.15

NGVS & REFUELING STATIONS (Dec 2009)

S.NO COUNTRY NATURAL GAS VEHICLES REFUELING STATIONS
1 PAKISTAN 2,300,000 3,140
2 ARGENTINA 1,807,186 1,851
3 IRAN 1,665,602 1,021
4 BRAZIL 1,632,101 1,704
5 INDIA 935,000 560
6 ITALY 628,624 730
7 CHINA 450,000 870
8 COLOMBIA 300,000 460
9 UKRAINE 200,000 285
10 BANGLADESH 177,555 500

NO, NGV’S & CNG STATIONS

YEARS NGV’S CNG STATIONS
2001 100,000 218
2002 200,000 360
2003 350,000 475
2004 500,000 633
2005 800,000 835
2006 1,150,000 1,190
2007 1,500,000 1,949
2008 2,000,000 2,600
2009 2,300,000 3,140

WORLD NATURAL GAS RESERVES

COUNTRY TRILLION CUBIC FT
RUSSIA 1,680.0
IRAN 1,045.7
QATAR 899.3
SAUDI ARABIA 263.0
USA 244.7
UAE 214.4
NIGERIA 185.3
VENEZUELA 176.0
ALGERIA 159.0

NATURAL GAS VEHICLE GROWTH (IANGV 2009)

REGION GROWTH SINCE 2000 (%)
ASIA 52.50
EUROPE 15.40
N.AMERICA 0.40
S.AMERICA 25.90
AFRICA 19.30
Total 29.80

ENERGY CONSUMPTION DURING 2008-09

Electricity 15.3 %
Oil 29%
Gas 43.7%
LPG 1.5%
coal 10.4%

FDI INFLOWS IN OIL & GAS SECTOR

YEAR ($ MILLION)
2001-02 268.2
2002-03 186.8
2003-04 202.4
2004-05 193.8
2005-06 312.7
2006-07 545.1
2007-08 634.8
2008-09 775
2009-10 750.6
2010-11 (July) 39.4

GAS PRICES (Per Rs./MMBTU)

  UNIT JULY 2008 JULY 2010
1. Up to 50 78.38 95.01
2. Over 50 up to 100 82.07 99.48
3. Over 100 up to 200 149.40 181.10
4. Over 200 up to 300 313.10 383.42
5. Over 300 up to 400 407.31 498.80
6. Over 400 up to 500 529.50 648.43
7. All over 500 688.35 860.15
Com. Consumers Sale price: 370.80 463.76
Ind. Consumers Sale price: 329.54 382.37
CNG Stations Sale price: 388.32 503.64

GLOBAL LPG CONSUMPTION (DURING 2008)

SECTOR PER CENT
Domestic 46.7
Chemicals 26.8
Refinery 50
Transport 8.7
Industry 11.3
Agriculture 1.5

CONSUMPTION OF GAS (Billion cft)

YEAR HOUSEHOLD COMMERCIAL CEMENT FERTILIZER POWER INDUSTRIAL TRANSPORT
(CNG)PMMCFT
1998-99 131 21 8 167 184 121 2,182
1999-00 139 22 9 177 227 135 2,426
2000-01 141 21 7 175 281 139 4,423
2001-02 144 22 7 178 315 151 7,369
2002-03 154 23 3 181 336 165 11,320
2003-04 155 24 8 185 470 193 15,858
2004-05 172 27 13 190 507 226 24,443
2005-06 171 29 15 198 492 279 38,885
2006-07 186 31 15 194 434 307 56,446
07-08 204.0 33.9 12.7 200.1 429.8 322.6 72,018.0
08-09 214.1 35.5 7.3 201.1 404.1 319.0 88,236.0
JUL-MAR
08-09 171.9 26.4 6.1 149.6 278.3 233.8 65,725.0
09-10(p) 184.5 28.6 1.7 162.5 264.8 246.1 71,225.0