E-CIGARETTES AND HEALTH
S.K. ANSARI & SEEMA ANSARI
Dec 27, 2010 - Jan 2, 2011
The new electronic cigarette may be the innovative technology to help reduce stress in people who want to quit smoking. Most chain smokers say that cigarettes help them cope with stress. In fact, it is not smoking that leads to dramatic improvement of mood, as discovered by American researchers.
In many cases, it has been found that people who quit smoking are not the victims of psychological stress, as many smokers. For many years, people addicted to nicotine are convinced that only those smokers can quit who are willing to sacrifice for the sake of their own health. In fact, everything is exactly the opposite.
Some people believe that e-cigarettes are a safe substitute for conventional cigarettes. However, there are virtually no scientific studies on e-cigarettes and their safety. To evaluate e-cigarettes - shows that this product has many flaws, which could cause serious public health problems in the future if the flaws go uncorrected.
Many researchers are having some bad news for smokers looking to put a halt to the filthy habit by using electronic quitting aids. After examining various aspects of a handful of commercially-available electronic nicotine delivery systems, the team concluded that so-called e-cigarettes are unsafe and pose a health risk. They are now calling for such devices to be withdrawn from sale pending a rigid safety evaluation.
Some e-cigarette cartridges leak, and that could expose nicotine, an addictive and dangerous chemical to children, adults, pets and the environment. For now, there are no methods for proper disposal of e-cigarettes products and accessories, including cartridges, which could result in nicotine contamination from discarded cartridges entering water sources and soil, and adversely impacting the environment.
HOW NICOTINE WORKS
What is it about tobacco that makes people so compelled to use it despite all of the admonitions? Smoking or chewing tobacco makes people feel good, even mildly euphoric. While there are thousands of chemicals in the tobacco plant (not to mention those added by cigarette manufacturers), one, nicotine produces all the good feelings that draw people back for another cigarette or plug of tobacco.
The plastic cigarette-looking devices first appeared in China about 7 years ago, but American distributors only recently started importing them and selling them online and at mall kiosks. Electronic cigarettes don't contain tobacco, but they do contain nicotine-infused water, which is heated via a lithium battery to create an odorless vapor.
The idea is to simulate the smoking experience while delivering the addictive nicotine smokers crave. The devices are merely cigarette alternatives for smokers who need a nicotine fix but can't get outside, not tools to help them quit. After analyzing a few e-cigarettes in the lab, FDA found traces of harmful chemicals, such as diethylene glycol, an ingredient in antifreeze, which they declared was grounds for banning importation of the devices.
Electronic cigarettes (also known as smokeless cigarettes and electric cigarettes) are the newest product on the market. They are designed to look and feel like real cigarettes, even down to emitting artificial smoke. However, they do not actually contain any tobacco. Users inhale nicotine vapor, which looks like smoke without any of the carcinogens found in tobacco smoke which are harmful to the smoker and others around him.
The electronic cigarette consists of a nicotine cartridge containing liquid nicotine. When a user inhales, a tiny battery powered atomizer turns a small amount of liquid nicotine into vapor. Inhaling nicotine vapor gives the user a nicotine hit in seconds rather than minutes with patches or gum. When the user inhales, a small LED light at the tip of the electronic cigarette glows orange to simulate a real cigarette.
The nicotine cartridges themselves come in various strengths. Most of the major brands, such as the Gamucci electronic cigarette have full strength, half strength, and minimal strength. This is designed for people who want to quit smoking. As they get used to using the electronic cigarette, they can gradually reduce the strength they use until they quit.
The main advantages electronic cigarettes have over nicotine patches or gum is firstly, users have the nicotine hit much quicker and secondly, because a big reason why smokers fail to quit suing patches and gum is because they still miss the act of inhaling smoke from a cylindrical object. The electronic cigarette emulates that even down to the smoke. The electronic cigarette is also beneficial from a financial perspective. A set of five nicotine cartridges costs around £8 and is equivalent to 500 cheap cigarettes. Although the initial investment of an electronic cigarette kit of £50 may seem steep at first, users save money in the end.
As with many popular products, there have been a great number of cheap Chinese imitations flooding the market. They are usually half the price of a branded electronic cigarette and look like the real thing as well. It is inadvisable to use these because they have not been subject to the same rigorous testing the official electronic cigarettes have and can potentially be highly damaging to the user's health. As electronic cigarettes become more and more popular, they are increasingly used to smoke in pubs and clubs with a smoking ban. Electronic cigarettes seem to be the next thing and may soon replace real cigarettes in clubs.
HOW ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES CAN BE A HEALTHIER ALTERNATIVE TO SMOKING
Although we had discussed that E-Cigarette contain harmful chemicals such as Diethylene Glycol which are used as an ant freezing components and nicotine. Ethylene Glycol is predominantly used in two areas: in antifreeze mixture in automobile cooling systems, and as a diol in polyester manufacture. Depending on molecular weight, polyethylene glycols are employed, alone or after esterification, as brake fluids, plasticizers, or lubricants. They are also used in the manufacture of polyurethanes and ester resins.
But, e-cigarettes seller says that electronic cigarettes look, feel and taste much like traditional cigarettes, they function very differently. You see, electronic cigarettes do not actually burn any tobacco, but rather, when you inhale from an e-cigarette, you activate a "flow censor" which releases a water vapor containing nicotine, propylene glycol, and a scent that simulates the flavor of tobacco. All of which simply means that electronic cigarettes allow you to get your nicotine fix while avoiding all of the cancer causing agents found in traditional cigarettes such as tar, glue, hundreds of additives, and hydrocarbons.
The refillable cartridges come in a multitude of flavors as well as nicotine strengths. You can get regular, menthol, even apple and strawberry flavored cartridges and nicotine strengths come in full, medium, light, and none. While electronic cigarettes are technically a "smoking alternative" rather than a smoking cessation device, the range of nicotine strengths offers some obvious potential as an aid in the ones attempts to quit smoking and seems to be proving popular within that market.
MANY COUNTRIES HAVE DECIDED TO EITHER:
* Ban the sale of electronic cigarettes containing nicotine.
* Ban the sale of electronic cigarettes altogether by forbidding electronic cigarette sales, importation or advertisement of any kind.
* Allowing the use and sale of e-cigarettes but advertising is forbidden.
* Classifying electronic cigarettes containing nicotine as medicinal products.
Regulators around the world are just starting to react to the e-cigarettes: According to CNN, these products do not contain any health warnings comparable to FDA-approved nicotine replacement products or conventional cigarettes. They are also available in different flavors, such as chocolate and mint, which may appeal to young people. Public health experts expressed concern that electronic cigarettes could increase nicotine addiction and tobacco use in young people. It is still to discuss the potential risks associated with the use of electronic cigarettes.
Electronic cigarettes and e-liquid are proving hugely popular in United States and Europe and within December 2010 particularly during this Christmas season. Different companies launched their campaign in November. The companies are reporting that the first 5 days have already seen more than 6000 orders. Demand for e-cigarette bargains has been so high, that the servers for the website have had to have bandwidth and capacity increased to cope with the volume of traffic.