HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
(feedback@pgeconomist.com)
Research Analyst
, PAGE
Dec 20 - 26, 2010

PAKISTAN: POPULATION BY AGE GROUPS (PROJECTION (000s))

AGE GROUP

2005

2010

2015

2020

2025

2030

TOTAL M+F

155,772

173,383

192,262

211,397

229,377

246,272

MALES
0-4

9,562

11,886

12,429

12,711

12,350

12,062

5-9

10,047

9,287

11,631

12,205

12,513

12,180

10-14

10,130

9,936

9,210

11,554

12,133

12,446

15-19

9,897

10,047

9,878

9,161

11,503

12,084

20-24

7,885

9,767

9,958

9,801

9,089

11,428

25-29

6,240

7,729

9,655

9,859

9,706

9,001

30-34

5,077

6,099

7,627

9,555

9,763

9,617

35-39

4,460

4,957

6,008

7,536

9,459

9,673

40-44

4,042

4,349

4,869

5,919

7,440

9,354

45-49

3,465

3,926

4,249

4,770

5,812

7,320

50-54

2,796

3,331

3,795

4,120

4,637

5,664

55-59

2,035

2,633

3,155

3,609

3,932

4,440

60-64

1,543

1,854

2,416

2,911

3,346

3,662

65-69

1,199

1,341

1,625

2,133

2,587

2,992

70-74

841

973

1,100

1,346

1,782

2,179

75+

921

1,077

1,271

1,482

1,796

2,315

TOTAL

80,140

89,190

98,874

108,670

117,849

126,417


PAKISTAN: SELECTED DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS

INDICATORS

2007

2008

2009

2010

Total Population (mn)

162.91

166.41

169.94

173.51

Urban Population (mn)

56.82

58.74

60.87

63.05

Rural Population (mn)

106.09

107.67

109.07

110.46

Total Fertility Rate (TFR)

3.9

3.8

3.7

3.6

Crude Birth Rate (Per Thousand)

29.1

28.7

28.4

28.0

Crude Death Rate (Per Thousand)

7.9

7.7

7.6

7.4

Population Growth Rate (%)

2.12

2.10

2.08

2.05

Life Expectancy (Years)

63.4

63.7

64.1

64.5

Male

62.7

63

63.3

63.6

Female

64.1

64.5

65.0

65.4


AGE-SPECIFIC UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

AGE GROUP

TOTAL (%)

2007-08

2008-09

10-14

9.0

9.3

15-19

8.7

9.5

20-24

6.8

7.3

25-29

4.1

4.3

30-34

2.3

2.6

35-39

1.5

1.7

40-44

1.6

1.5

45-49

2.5

2.4

50-54

3.7

4.6

55-59

6.6

6.1

60 yrs & above

12.5

12.7


PAK: CIVILIAN LABOUR FORCE, EMPLOYED AND UNEMPLOYED (mn)

YEAR

03-04

05-06

06-07

07-08

08-09

Labour Force

45.50

50.05

50.33

51.78

53.72

Employed

42.00

46.95

47.65

49.09

50.79

Unemployed

3.50

3.10

2.68

2.69

2.93


SIZE OF LABOUR FORCE

RANK COUNTRY

(MILLION)

1. China

812.7

2. India

46.7

8. Bangladesh

72.5

10. Pakistan

55.8

33. Nepal

18

56. Srilanka

8.1


PAK: PH.D PRODUCED BY UNIVERSITIES

YEARS

NUMBERS

2000

178

2001

202

2002

273

2003

254

2004

308

2005

322

2006

409

2007

420

2008

613


EMIGRANTS

ORIGIN OF MIGRANTS

EMIGRATION RATE (%)

MAJOR CONTINENT OF DESTINATION FOR MIGRANTS

(%)

Afghanistan

10.6

Asia

91.4

Nepal

3.9

Asia

95.0

Pakistan

2.2

Asia

72.5

Iran

1.3

Northern America

39.6

India

0.8

Asia

72.0

GLOBAL AGGREGATES

South Asia

1.6

Asia

78.0

World

3.0

Europe

33.4


PAKISTAN: POPULATION OF MAJOR CITIES

CITY

1998 CENSUS

1981 CENSUS

2010

Karachi

9,339,023

5,208,132

13,386,730

Lahore

5,143,495

2,952,689

7,214,954

Faisalabad

2,008,861

1,104,209

2,912,269

Rawalpindi

1,409,768

794,834

2,013,876

Multan

1,197,384

732,070

1,610,180

Hyderabad

1,166,894

751,529

1,521,231

Gujranwala

1,132,509

600,993

1,676,357

Peshawar

982,816

566,248

1,386,529

Quetta

565,137

285,719

871,643

Islamabad

529,180

204,364

972,669


COMPARISON OF PUBLIC SECTOR SPENDING ON EDUCATION
COUNTRY

PUBLIC SECTOR SPENDING
(% GDP)

LITERACY RATE
(%)

Bangladesh

2.6

55.0

China

-

93.7

India

3.3

-

Indonesia

3.5

-

Iran

5.2

-

Malaysia

4.7

92.1

Nepal

3.2

57.9

Pakistan

2.1

57.0

Sri Lanka

90.6

Thailand

4.5

-


TECHNICAL & VOCATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTES

REGION

PERCENT

Islamabad

1

FATA

1

Balochistan

9

NWFP

13

AJK

2

Sindh

20

Punjab

53


PAK: ANNUAL FATALITIES IN TERRORIST VIOLENCE

YEAR

CIVILIANS

SECURITY FORCES

TERRORISTS

TOTAL

2003

140

24

25

189

2004

435

184

244

863

2005

430

81

137

648

2006

608

325

538

1471

2007

1523

597

1479

3599

2008

2155

654

3906

6715

2009

2307

1011

8267

11585

Total

7598

2876

14596

25070


PAK: MAINSTREAM INSTITUTIONS, ENROLMENT AND TEACHERS BY LEVEL

YEAR

ENROLMENT

INSTITUTIONS

TEACHERS

2008-09

2009-10

2008-09

2009-10

2008-09

2009-10

Pre-Primary

8,434,826

8,623,544

-

-

-

-

Primary*Mosque

18,468,096

18,714,582

156,653

156,364

465,334

469,151

Middle

5,414,157

5,445,247

40,919

41,456

320,480

323,824

High

2,556,186

2,699,589

24,322

24,822

439,316

447,117

Higher Sec./Inter

1,074,323

1,147,807

3,291

3,399

76,184

78,656

Degree Colleges

429,251

458,835

1,238

1,275

21,176

21,385

Universities.

803,507

948,364

129

132

50,825

56,839

Total

37,180,346

38,037,968

226,552

227,448

1,373,315

1,396,972


PAK: EDUCATION LEVELS

LEVELS

PERCENT

No Formal Education.

42.00

Below Matric.

38.00

Matric but less than Inter.

11.00

Inter but less than degree.

5.00

Degree and above.

4.00