BASIC FACTS AND FIGURES ABOUT PAKISTAN
PROF. DR. SM ALAM & DR. MA KHAN
Jan 4 - 10, 2010
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan that emerged on the map of the world on 14th of August 1947 lies between 23 and 37 north latitude and 62 and 75 east longitude. It has over 165 million population with a per capita income of US$925.
Expenditures on education as % of GDP: 2.42% (2000-07)
Currency: Pak Rupee (Rs.)
Exports: US$15.47 billion - Items; cotton products, rice, textile goods, leather items, sports goods, fruits, handicrafts, seafood etc.
Imports: US$32.5 billion - Items; petroleum & its products, edible oil, industrial goods, vehicles, iron ore, fertilizers, tea, insecticides, paper & paper board, medical products, etc.
Trade deficit: US$11.083 billion
Total labor force: about 50 million
Farm employees: 18.91 million force
Workers' remittances: US$7.81 billion FY09
Gross domestic products: US$168 billion
GDP growth rate: 3%
Population living below poverty line: 33.9%
Inflation rate: 11 %
External debts: US$52.88 billion
Foreign exchange reserves: US$13.74 billion
Foreign direct investment: US$5.14 billion
Languages: Urdu (national language), English (official), local languages; Sindhi, Punjabi, Balochi, Pashto, Siraiki, etc.
Literacy rate: 45.7%
Physical features-agriculture and industry
Most of the areas in the Punjab and Sindh provinces compose of fertile plains formed by the Indus River. Pakistan is known for its excellent network of canals and rich agricultural lands with three major dams/ reservoirs (Tarbela, Mangla and Chashma, 19 barrages, 12 huge interlink canals; 63,200 kilometers canal's length, and 1.6 million km of water courses). The system is supported by 48 million acre feet (MAF) of groundwater from nearly 750,000 tube wells. However, irrigation water- in terms of both quantity and quality -is one of the factors limiting crop productivity.
The northern regions of Pakistan is famous for its high mountain ranges with the icy peaks of the Himalaya, Karakoram, Hindu Kush mountains, and Gasherbrum peak (8,035 m). There are about 108 peaks above 7,000 meters (23,000 ft) high that are covered in snow and glaciers. The five of the mountains in Pakistan including K-2 and Nanga Parbat are over 8,000 meters (26,000 ft) above the sea level, the second highest peak in the world.
The south western part of the country is a plateau with an average height of about 609.60 meters above the sea level. The province of NWFP comprises of both hilly areas and fertile valleys.
Balochistan, the biggest province in terms of area (43% of total country's area) is mainly an arid region with dry, hilly deserts and with huge mineral deposits.
Cropping seasons (two): Rabi crops - sowing starts from October to January and harvesting between April and June - wheat, gram, tobacco, rapeseed, mustard, pulses etc.
Kharif crops - sowing starts from April to September and harvesting between October and March - rice, cotton, maize, sugarcane, sunflower, soybean etc.
Total cropped areas: 22.51 million hectares, forest area: 4.04 million hectares
Production of cash crops in 000 tons: food grain 30,395 (54%), cotton & sugarcane 47,185 (20%)
Pulses have 685,000 production and six percent share and edible oilseeds have 5063000 tons.
Areas utilized by different crops: wheat (36.3%), paddy (9.5%), sugarcane (4.5%), pulses (6.2%), maize (4.2%), fruits/vegetable (4.5%), and other crops (20.8%).
Edible Oil/Ghee (No. of Units): 155 Consumption 2,100,000 mt, local production 740000 mt, imports 1,360,000 mt, per capita consumption 14kg
Famous mountain peaks: K-2 (also known as Mt Godwin Austin) 28,250 ft/8611m (2nd in World), Nanga Parbat 26,660ft/8126m (8th in World), Gasherbrum 8068m (11th in World)
Famous glaciers (length): Siachin 75 km, Batura 55 km, and Baltoro 62 km
Famous mountain passes: The Khyber pass, The Kurrum pass, The Tochi pass, The Gomal pass, The Bolan pass, The Lowari pass, The Khunjrab pass
Rivers: Indus River 2996 km, Jhelum 825 km, Chenab 1242 km, Ravi 901 km, Sutlej 1551 km, and Beas 398 km
Deserts: Thar in Sindh, Thal in Punjab, and Kharan and Chagi in Balochistan
Lakes: Mancher (Sindh), Keenjar (Sindh), Hanna (Balochistan), Saif-ul-Maluk (NWFP), Satpara (N. areas)
Industry: textiles, cement, fertilizer, steel, sugar, electric goods, shipbuilding, glass, tiles, marbles, gems stones, leather, plastic, fertilizers, rubber, automobiles, etc.
Electricity generation installed capacity (hydro, oil, gas, coal, and nuclear) 19,552 MW (June-2008): Wapda 11,327 MW, KESC 1,756 MW, PAEC 462 MW, and IPPs 5,977 MW. Of the total, 5000 MW (about 26%) is hydel while the rest 14,522 MW is thermal.
Per capita consumption of electricity: 14 mmbtu or 350 kwh
Tourists' attractions: Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Besham, Barseem, Khagan, Chitral, Gilgit, Rama Lake, Sust, Gupis, Phandar, Skardu, Astak, Satpara, Booni, Bamburet Kalash, Mastuj, Saidu Sharif, Miandam, Kalam, Malam Jabba, Taxila, Mohenjo-Daro etc.
PIA Aircrafts: 43
Shipping vessels: 15
Seaports: Karachi, Port Qasim, and Gwadar
Popular games: cricket, hockey, football, squash, table tennis, volleyball, lawn tennis, golf etc.
Religious heritage: Indus Valley Civilization (Mohenjo-Daro) 3000-1700 BC, Harappan Civilization (Sahiwal), Gandhara (6th to 7th Century BC), Taxila, Sikh Gurdwara Janam Ashtan known as Panja Sahib at Hasan Abdal, Katasraj Temple at Chakwal and Sadh Belo Island at Sukkur
Flora: jasmine, pine, oak, polar, deodar, maple, mulberry
Fauna: pheasant, brown bear, snow leopard, deer, Ibex, Neelgai, Markor, sheep, green turtles, river and sea species, crocodile, water fowls, blind dolphin
Geographical area: 79.61 million hectares
Boundary of Pakistan: North (Sinkiang, China), North West (Afghanistan and Iran), East (India), South (Arabian Sea length from north to south about 1400 kilometers, width from east to west about 500 kilometers)
Climate: Hot summer (April to October) and winter (November to March)
INSTITUTIONS NO. . Pre-Primary 1081 Primary Schools 122,384 Middle Schools 38,448 Secondary Schools 25080 Vocational/Polytechnic 3058 Inter & Degree Colleges 1882 Tech/Prof. Colleges 1324 General Universities 48 Madrasah 12153 Mosque Schools 14123 HEALTH FACILITIES . Hospitals 915 Dispensaries 4,954 Rural Health Centre 5,769 Maternity Homes 947 Tuberculosis Centre 299 Beds 99,684 Doctors (Registered) 148,062 Dentist (Registered) 5,830 Nurses 50,331 MANUFACTURING . Cotton Yarns 1,656 (mn Kg) Cotton Cloths 495 (mn Sqm) Vegetable Ghee & Cooking Oil (160 units) 685,000 tons Fertilizers (10 units) Nitrogenous 2,995,000 tons Phosphates 155,000 tons Urea 3,967,000 tons Cement (29 Units) 9,872,000 tons Sugar (77 mills ) 38,747,000 tons Jeeps/Cars 283,000 Tractors 46,274 Trucks 3955 Buses 895,000 (Nos.) LCVS 6,711,000 (Nos.) Motorcycles 701,752 (Nos.) Bicycles Buses 609,000 (Nos.) TEXTILE MILLS 594 (NOS.) Power Generation . Hydro (12%) 7,726 MW Thermal (79%) 11,290 MW Nuclear (2%) 462 MW Private Producers 3,771 MW KESC 1,756 MW Oil - Total Resource Potential .
28 Billion Barrels Oil-Consumption 18.02 million tones/year Oil-Imports 15.92 million tones/year Production of crude oil 70,000 barrel per day Gas-Reserve potential 26.1 TCF Gas-Production 3,509 MMCF/day Gas-Demand 3.349 MMCF/day Distribution Network 9,063 Km Domestic Consumers 3.7 million Commercial Consumers 67,942 Km CNG Fuel Consumers Over 1.6 million CNG Stations Over 19,000 Coal Reserves 185 billion tons Coal Produced 3300 Million tons Production of Crude Oil 70,000 Barrel/Daily Telecommunications . Internet 4.4 million Post Offices 13,419 Telegraph Offices 427 No. of Telephones 6.277 million Telephone Exchanges 2,446 Public Call Offices 190,867 Govt. PTV and Private TVs In big cities No. of TV sets 5,800,000 Total length of roads 328,206 km Pak. Rail network 8,775 km Railway stations 781 Mobiles Over 76.6 million Internet users Over 3.5 million PCOs 387,490 Mobile towers 17,779 No of refineries 7
Print Media: dailies 424, weeklies 714, fortnightly 107, private TV channels more than 20; viewership 135 million, radio stations 23; home services in 20 languages, external services over 70 countries in 15 languages.