NATION BUILDING THROUGH EDUCATION

S.M. ABBAS ZAIDI, S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI,
Research Analyst
, PAGE
Oct 25 - 31, 2010

PUBLIC SECTOR BUDGETARY ALLOCATION FOR EDUCATION
DURING 2009-10 (RS. IN MILLION)

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CURRENT DEVELOPMENT TOTAL
Ministry of Education 3,718.665 5,500.000 9,218.655
Higher Education Commission 21,500.000 18,500.000 44,000.000
Federal Government Education Institution in Cantonment and Garrisons 1,929.760 14.910 1,944.670
Federally Administered Tribal Areas 4,143.716 1,534.318 5,678.034
Gilgit Baltistan 1,408.738 784.081 2,192.819
AJ&K 3,794.450 722.000 4,516.450
Social Welfare & Special Education Division (DG SE and PBM) 410.340 316.450 726.790
National Vocational & Technical Education Commission 226.000 1,500.000 1,726.000
Other Federal Ministries/Divisions/Organizations 6,570.556 3,663.33 10,233.89
Total (Federal) 43,702.222 32,535.090 76,237.312
PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS
Government of Punjab 24,778.707 24,794.589 49,573.296
Government of Sindh 13,919.081 6,020.000 19,939.081
Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 2,411.730 2,421.133 4,832.863
Government of Balochistan 2,008.985 6,059.354 8,068.339
Total (Provinces) 43,118.503 39,295.076 82,413.579
DISTRICT GOVERNMENT**
Punjab 66,223.058 6,293.739 72,516.797
Sindh 31,930.127 5,714.157 37,664.284
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 21,379.271 1,995.678 23,374.949
Balochistan 8,673.374 102.460 8,775.834
Total District Governments 128,205.830 14,106.034 142,311.864
Total Provinces & District Governments 171,324.333 53,401.110 224,725.443
Grand Total Federal, Provincial & District Governments 215,026.555 85,936.200 300,962.755

Number of Mainstream Institutions, Enrolment and Teachers
by Level

  ENROLMENT INSTITUTIONS TEACHERS
YEAR 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10(E) 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10(E) 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10(E)

Pre-Primary

8,218,419 8,434,826 8,623,544 - - - - - -

Primary*
Mosque

18,360,468 18,468,096 18,714,582 157,407 156,653 156,364 452,604 465,334 469,151

Middle

5,426,548 5,414,157 5,445,247 40,829 40,919 41,456 320,611 320,480 323,824

High

2,484,537 2,556,186 2,699,589 23,964 24,322 24,822 429,932 439,316 447,117

Higher Sec./Inter

959,690 1,074,323 1,147,807 3,213 3,291 3,399 74,223 76,184 78,656

Degree Colleges

383,810 429,251 458,835 1,202 1,238 1,275 20,971 21,176 21,385

Universities.

741,092 803,507 948,364 124 129 132 46,893 50,825 56,839

Total

36,574,564 37,180,346 38,037,968 226,739 226,552 227,448 1,345,234 1,373,315 1,396,972

LITERACY RATE 10 YRS+, GER & NER TREND IN PAKISTAN & GENDER PARITY INDEX (GPI)

REGION/ PROVINCE LITERACY RATES (10 YEARS & ABOVE) GER PRIMARY (AGE 5-9) NER PRIMARY (AGE 5-9)
. 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
PAKISTAN Male 67 69 69 99 97 99 60 59 61
Female 42 44 45 81 83 83 51 52 54
Both 55 56 57 91 91 91 56 55 57
Rural 45 49 48 84 83 85 52 51 53
Urban 72 71 74 106 106 106 66 66 68
GPI 0.63 0.64 0.65 0.82 0.86 0.83 0.85 0.88 0.87
PUNJAB Male 67 70 69 106 102 102 64 62 64
Female 48 48 50 95 92 92 59 59 60
Both 58 59 59 100 97 97 62 61 62
GPI 0.72 0.69 0.72 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.92 0.95 0.94
SINDH Male 67 69 71 88 87 93 56 55 57
Female 42 42 45 68 72 75 43 46 49
Both 55 56 59 79 80 84 50 51 54
GPI 0.63 0.61 0.63 0.77 0.83 0.77 0.77 0.84 0.80
KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA Male 67 68 69 96 94 102 56 55 58
Female 28 33 31 67 71 70 41 41 45
Both 47 49 50 82 83 87 49 49 52
GPI 0.42 0.49 0.45 0.70 0.75 0.69 0.73 0.75 0.64
BALOCHISTAN Male 58 66 62 89 88 93 49 47 51
Female 22 23 23 52 59 54 32 35 36
Both 42 46 45 72 75 75 41 41 44
GPI 0.38 0.35 0.37 0.58 0.67 0.55 0.65 0.74 0.64

COMPARISON OF PUBLIC SECTOR SPENDING ON EDUCATION

COUNTRY PUBLIC SECTOR SPENDING (AS % GDP) LITERACY RATE IN (%)
Bangladesh 2.6 55.0
China - 93.7
India 3.3 -
Indonesia 3.5 -
Iran 5.2 -
Malaysia 4.7 92.1
Nepal 3.2 57.9
Pakistan 2.1 57.0
Sri Lanka - 90.6
Thailand 4.5 -
Vietnam 5.3 92.5

EDUCATION LEVELS

No Formal Education 42%
Below Matric 38%
Matric but less than Inter 11%
Inter but less than degree 5%
Degree and above 4%

TECHNICAL & VOCATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTES

REGION PERCENT
Islamabad 1
FATA 1
FANA 1
Balochistan 9
NWFP 13
AJK 2
Sindh 20
Punjab 53

PH.D PRODUCED BY PAKISTANI UNIVERSITIES

YEARS NUMBERS
2000 178
2001 202
2002 273
2003 254
2004 308
2005 322
2006 409
2007 420
2008 613