GOVT PLANS TO SEND 600,000 SKILLED WORKERS ABROAD ANNUALLY
Dec 7 - 13, 2009
In today's competitive world, the quality and types of skills required internationally are fast changing and highly skilled workers are preferred over the semi or unskilled who cannot earn wages similar to those with marketable skills.
There is a clear need to improve the skill profile of Pakistani workers to enable them to get ready access to better jobs in the domestic and international markets and also earn commensurate wages. This can only be achieved by conducting training programmes in Pakistan, which award graduates with internationally recognised certificates and diplomas.
Overseas employers generally classify Pakistani workers as lacking modern skills and being inadequately prepared to compete in the globalised labour market. Demographic data about Pakistan highlight a growing population aged between 10 to 25 with the majority ready to enter the labour market.
Disappointingly, when trying for overseas employment, they discover that formal education has not equipped them with appropriate skills nor do they possess internationally recognised awards, certificates, and diplomas. Missing these assets, neither the labour force nor Pakistan can be competitive in the international market.
The numbers of unskilled workers who have migrated outnumber skilled workers. Statistical data show that 149,906 skilled and 174,807 unskilled labour emigrated from Pakistan during 2007-08. Recent research reveals that skilled workers of Pakistan have fewer job opportunities and are paid lower wages compared with their regional counterparts.
The quoted reason is, "he lacks the required skill level, and we cannot confirm if his awards are internationally recognized".
Pakistan's 1500 technical training institutes are producing more than 300,000 students annually equipped with various technical and vocational qualifications. But, disappointingly, they do not possess internationally recognised certificates or diplomas. However, our neighbours like India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh have better access to the international labour market due to their output of highly skilled labour carrying internationally recognised certification.
The Pakistan government has set a goal to send at least 600,000 skilled workers abroad annually. This target will be achieved by upgrading their skill profile according to international skill standards, which will provide better job opportunities and in turn enhance the value of remittances sent home.
Although the government strives to improve technical skills but the current technical standards do not meet international skill benchmarks. "Our labour force continues to face the dilemma of only being able to earn low wages with little access to better jobs due to the lack of internationally recognised certificates and diplomas," experts told Page.
TUSDEC's Skill Development Department has been set up to address this very issue through alliances with international certifying bodies and by setting-up training establishments which can provide the required level of skill training. The graduates will be highly skilled and possess awards such as internationally recognised certificates and diplomas allowing for ready access to better employment opportunities in the domestic and international markets.
SkillTech International, a subsidiary of TUSDEC (Technology Upgradation and Skill Development Company), is the first City & Guilds approved centre in Pakistan offering certificates and diplomas in a range of vocational qualifications. In the first phase, SkillTech International is offering the following International Vocational Qualifications:
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Refrigeration & Air conditioning
- Sales and Marketing
- Engineering Council, UK Examination to become an Engineering Technician, a Corporate Engineer, and a Chartered Engineer
Training programmes will be offered in the above areas in accordance with internationally acceptable skill standards. This will equip our graduates with internationally certified skills, which will help meet the local industry's demand for better skilled personnel. Internationally, SkillTech's graduates will be able to earn higher wages, access better jobs and compete confidently with the international workforce.
SkillTech International will also be an internationally recognised resource centre for other technical institutes in Pakistan and help them in preparing skill standards, curricula etc in accordance with acceptable international skill standards. SkillTech International certification are also open for those candidates who do not wish to attend regular classes but prefer to be directly examined for award of certification.
TECHNICAL WORKFORCE GOING ABROAD
CATEGORY SKILLED UNSKILLED ENGINEERS Engineer . . 951 Welder 1435 . . Foreman 1522 . . Mason 9685 . . Carpenter 8027 . .. Electrician 4201 . .. Plumber 1581 . . Steel Fixer 4935 . . Painter 2516 . . Labourer . 54735 . Technician 8651 . . Mechanic 3705 . . Cable Jointer 78 . . Fitter 1547 . . Auto Body Mechanic 441 . . Cook / Waiter 2700 . . Salesman 3969 . . Total 54993 54735 951
ABOUT CITY AND GUILDS, UK
The City of London and The Guilds of London to encourage education and training established City & Guilds (C&G) in 1878. City & Guilds Institute was granted a Royal Charter in 1990, enabling it to act as a global not-for-profit organization. C&G is the world's largest international examining and accreditation body for vocational, managerial, and engineering training, offering over 500 qualification awards in 28 industry areas, spanning from entry level to the equivalent of a postgraduate degree. With a presence in over 135 countries via 8500 centres a C&G award opens the door to vast opportunities for employment progression. It provides assessment and certification services for schools and colleges, business and industry, trade associations and government agencies. It has over 125 years of experience in identifying training needs, developing assessment materials, carrying out assessment and training staff. City and Guilds awards a certificate to a candidate who can demonstrate the ability to master a particular skill based on standards set by the relevant industry.
City and Guilds International provides services globally for quality assessment and certification to over 1.9 million learners every year. It has an annual turnover of around UK £100 million and employs more than 800 personnel.