PORT QASIM

S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI
Oct 19 - 25, 2009

Port Qasim Authority is committed to provide prompt, efficient, and cost-effective services to its customers while ensuring safe shipping operations at the Port.

Port Qasim has been developed on the coast line of Arabian Sea where once the sand dunes of Bin Qasim desert could be seen. The port is not only accessible through sea but is also well connected with the hinterland through road and railway networks.

Currently, the Port Qasim offers an ideal location for development of recreation and tourism facilities to attract tourists from Pakistan and abroad. The Government of Pakistan (GoP) has extended the hotel and tourism facilities to an industry level and has offered all incentives and concessions presently available to other industries.

Port Qasim Authority is also committed to the ideals of preserving and improving land and sea environment to its original standings.

FACILITIES

Present facilities at this Port have been established both by public and private sector. These facilities are the Iron Ore & Coal Berth, Multi Purpose Terminal, FOTCO Oil Terminal, Qasim International Container Terminal, Engro VOPAK Chemical Terminal, and Railway Yard in addition to a service jetty, floating crafts, transit sheds, Cargo Handling Equipment, Buoys, Transit Lights, Beacons and a light house.

INDUSTRIAL ZONES AT PORT QASIM

DESCRIPTION NWIZ EIZ SWIZ TOTAL
Total Area 2920 8300 1000 12220
Reserved for Services and utilities 904 2490 125.5 3519.5
Area for Allotment 2016 5810 874.5 8700.5
NWIZ :North Western Ind. Zone , EIZ: Eastern Ind. Zone, SWIZ: South Western Ind. Zone

TEXTILE CITY

Port Qasim is unique in character by having 12200 acres of land above high water mark for development of industries/commercial complexes. Out of 12200 acres of land 8700.5 acres were available for allotment. To enhance production and export of value added textile products, GoP plans setting up a "Textile City" on 1250 acres in the Eastern Industrial Zone of Port Qasim Authority (PQA). PQA has allocated 1250 acres of land for this purpose. 95% leveling/Grading work has been completed and consultant for a Combined Effluent Treatment Plant has also been appointed.

EXPANSION

The Port Qasim Authority provides high quality services to their customers through motivated and innovative employees. The future expansion of the port includes the deepening and widening of the navigation channel and the establishment of a liquid cargo terminal, a liquefied petroleum gas terminal, grain handling and storage facilities, a textile complex and a desalination plant.

DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AT PORT QASIM

Liquid Cargo terminal 2nd Container Terminal
Gasport LNG Floating Terminal Grain & Fertilizer Terminal
Coal & Clinker/Cement Terminal LNG Terminal by Granada
2nd Oil Terminal 2nd Steel Jetty
Deepening of Navigation Channel Infrastructure Development Projects

ROLE OF PORTS & SHIPPING

The international shipping industry is responsible for the carriage of some 92% of the world trade and is the life blood of the global economy. Even land-locked countries are dependent on seaborne trade. The operation of merchant ships generates an annual estimated income of over US$400 billion in freight rates, representing about 6% of total global economy.

Seaborne trade is more economical, safe, efficient and preferable than all other modes of transportation. At present, the world fleet has almost 90,000 ships of 100GT or more, whereas Pakistan's merchant fleet has 14 aged ships and constitutes 0.005% of world tonnage which is quite deplorable. The shipping industry is global which depends upon a Global Regulatory Framework to operate efficiently.

Transportation through road, rail and air routes is largely dependent on the quantum of cargoes carried through sea lanes, and represents about 35% of total global economy, that is to say that shipping has an impact of some over 40% of the global economy, both directly and indirectly and all related economies are directly attributable to shipping and provides employment to almost 35% of the world population.

SHIPPING IS DIRECTLY LINKED WITH PORTS.

India and Pakistan have signed a Protocol on Shipping on the 14th of December 2006, which has come into force on the date of signing and has replaced the Protocol on resumption of shipping services between Pakistan and India signed on January 15, 1975.

At present, the ports and shipping sector in Pakistan mainly depends on captive trade which is the main reason for higher costs in freight rates and ports' operation.

Unfortunately, ever since the inception of Pakistan the GoP has appointed pseudo-professionals at the helm of affairs in the organizations of merchant marine, who were and are not the professional technocrats of merchant marine.

Pakistan must consider developing at least one of its ports as a "hub port" for transit cargo for the South Asian region.

FUTURE OUTLOOK

Port Qasim is Pakistan's first industrial and multi-purpose deep-sea port. The port is well connected to all over the country through modern means of transportation and has been playing an important role in the economic uplift of the country.