PROVINCIAL AUTONOMY IS THE NEED

DR. NASREEN
Aug 03 - 09, 2009

A survey has been conducted on provincial autonomy under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Nasreen Aslam Shah, Director, Centre of Excellence for Women's Studies, University of Karachi.

The survey team included Syed Faisal Hashmi, Muhammad Nadeemullah, Muhammad Faisal Zia, Waseem Khan, Syed Minhal Ali, Talha Ahmed Siddiqui, and Ahmed Muhammad Ali. Dr. Nasreen Aslam informed that survey method was simple random sampling. 500 people were interviewed in the survey. Karachi city was selected for the survey because of its status as the biggest (metropolitan) city of Pakistan and its contribution in the Pakistan's economy. It is also known as mini Pakistan.

The opinion was taken from the masses of all towns of Karachi, which included people related to different sectors of life like journalist, government and private workers, doctors, engineers, lawyers, transporters, teachers, nurses, business men, bankers, students and technicians etc.

The ages of respondents were from 20 to more than 50 years. Their income ranges from 3000 to 13000 rupees and above 86% respondents favored provincial autonomy and 14% opposed it.

According to 94% of respondents provincial autonomy will develop the provinces because they will get their rights however 6% respondents thought that it would not help in the development. 90% respondents viewed that it would end terrorism because it increases reliability on its own resources, while 10% respondents do not think that it will make any difference towards the end of terrorism. According to 96% of respondents provincial autonomy will allow provinces to give more attention towards education, 8% of respondents said that due to provincial autonomy more than one education system would be established. 89% of respondents thought that health sector would develop due to provincial autonomy, 11% of respondents said that it does not make any difference on health sector.

According to the opinion of 90% of respondents opportunities of employment will be created because new institutions will establish in the provinces.10% of respondents thought that employment is not related to provincial autonomy.

In the opinion of 91% of respondents, ethnicity and sectarianism will be reduced with provincial autonomy because if people get equal rights then level of tolerance will increase. According to 9%, provincial autonomy will not change people's beliefs. 88% respondents thought that provincial autonomy improve national economy and country will develop, 12% of respondents thought that only federal Government could develop the economy. 91.4% respondents thought that provincial autonomy would make the province strong which in turn make the country strong while 8.6% respondents thought that federal would be weak due to provincial autonomy.

91% of respondents said that provincial autonomy would create cooperation among the federal and provincial government, which would increase confidence level between both and 9% of respondents thought that it would start power war between the federal and provinces. 90.2% respondents thought that due to provincial autonomy the feeling of deprivation in the provinces would be reduced. 10% of respondents said that provincial autonomy would benefit the government more. 96% of respondents thought that provincial autonomy would develop the provincial economy, which would reduce its burden of national loans. 8% respondents said that provincial autonomy would not help in cutting down the loans. 91% of respondents said that provincial autonomy would create balance in provinces between federal and provinces and 9% of respondents said that it would create imbalance in authorities between federal and provinces.

According to the opinion of 93% of respondents peace and prosperity would be better and 7% of respondents said that situation of peace would become worst due to provincial autonomy.

89% of respondents thought that federal should only have departments of Finance, Foreign Affairs and Defense because federal has already enough departments and 11% of respondents said that federal would be powerful with more departments.