EDUCATION SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN

S.M. ABBAS ZAIDI, S.KAMAL HAYDER KAZMI
Research Analyst
, PAGE
Nov 17 - 23, 2008

UNIVERSITIES IN PAKISTAN
FEDERAL
UNIVERSITY NAME CITY SECTOR
National Defence University Islamabad Public
Virtual university of Pakistan Lahore Public
National University of Science and Technology Rawalpindi Public
Riphah International University Islamabad Private
Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad Public
Pakistan Institute of Development Economics Islamabad Public
Pakistan Institute of Engineering Applied Sciences Islamabad Public
National University of Modern Languages Islamabad Public
National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences Islamabad Private
International Islamic University, Islamabad Public
Institute of Space Technology (IST) Islamabad Public
Foundation University Rawalpindi Private
Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences and Technology Islamabad Public
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Islamabad Public
Bahria University Islamabad Public
Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad Public
Air University Islamabad Public
PUNJAB
University of Management & Technology Lahore Private
University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore Public
University Of Engineering & Technology, Taxila Rawalpindi Public
University of South Asia Lahore Private
University of Sargodha Sargodha Public
University of the Punjab Lahore Public
University of Lahore Lahore Private
University of Health Sciences Lahore Public
University of Gujrat Gujrat Public
University of Faisalabad Faisalabad Private
University of Engineering & Technology Lahore Public
University of Education Lahore Public
University of Central Punjab Lahore Private
University of Arid Agriculture, Murree Road Rawalpindi Public
University of Agriculture Faisalabad Public
The Superior College Lahore Private
National Textile University, Faisalabad (Federal Chartered) Faisalabad Public
National College of Arts Lahore Public
Minhaj University Lahore Private
Lahore University of Management Sciences Lahore Private
Lahore School of Economics Lahore Private
Lahore College for Women University Lahore Public
Kinnaird College for Women Lahore Public
King Edward Medical University Lahore Public
Islamia University Bahawalpur Public
Institute of Management Sciences Lahore Private
Imperial College of Business Studies Lahore Private
Hajvery University Lahore Private
Government College University Lahore Lahore Public
Government College University Faisalabad Faisalabad Public
GIFT University Gujranwala Private
Forman Christian College Lahore Private
Fatima Jinnah Women University Rawalpindi Public
National College of Business Administration& Economics (NCBA&E) Lahore Private
Beaconhouse National University Lahore Private
Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan Public
SINDH
Ziauddin Medical University Karachi Private
University of Sindh Jamshoro Public
University of Karachi Karachi Public
University of East Hyderabad Private
Textile Institute of Pakistan Karachi Private
Sukkur Institute of Business Administration Sukkur Public
Sir Syed University of Engg. & Technology Karachi Private
Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam Public
Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science & Technology (SZABIST) Karachi Private
Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur Public
Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology Nawabshah Public
Preston University Karachi Private
Preston Institute of Management Sciences and Technology Karachi Private
Pakistan Naval Academy Karachi Public
Newports Institute of Communications and Economics Karachi Private
NED University of Engineering & Technology Karachi Public
Nazeer Hussain University * Karachi Private
Mohammad Ali Jinnah University Karachi Private
Mehran University of Eng. & Technology Jamshoro Public
Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro Public
KASB (Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari) Institute of Technology Karachi Private
Karachi Institute of Economics & Technology Karachi Private
Jinnah University for Women Karachi Private
Isra University Hyderabad Private
Iqra University Karachi Private
Institute of Business Management Karachi Private
Institute of Business Administration Karachi Public
Institute of Business & Technology BIZTEK Karachi Private
Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture Karachi Private
Indus Institute of Higher Education Karachi Private
Hamdard University Karachi Private
Greenwich University Karachi Private
Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi Public
DHA Suffa University * Karachi Private
Dawood College of Engineering & Technology Karachi Public
Dadabhoy Institute of Higher Education Karachi Private
Baqai Medical University Karachi Private
Aga Khan University Karachi Private
NWFP
Islamia College University, Peshawar Peshawar Public
Khyber Medical University Peshawar Public
University of Science & Technology Bannu Bannu Public
University of Peshawar Peshawar Public
University of Malakand,Chakdara Malakand Public
Sarhad University of Science & Information Technology Peshawar Private
Qurtaba University of Science & Information Technology D.I.Khan Private
Preston University Kohat Private
Pakistan Military Academy Abbottabad Public
NWFP University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar Public
NWFP Agriculture University Peshawar Public
Northern University Nowshera Private
Kohat University of Science & Technology Kohat Public
Institute of Management Sciences (IM Sciences) Peshawar Public
Hazara University, Dodhial Mansahra Public
Gomal University D.I.Khan Public
Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences & Technology Topi Private
Gandhara University Peshawar Private
City University of Science & Information Technology Peshawar Private
CECOS University of Information Technology and Emerging Sciences Peshawar Private
Frontier Women University Peshawar Public
Abasyn University Peshawar Private
BALOCHISTAN
Bolan University of Medical & Health Sciences, Quetta Quetta Private
University of Balochistan Quetta Public
Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University Quetta Public
Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water & Marine Science Lasbela Public
Iqra University Quetta Private
Balochistan University of Information Technology and Management Sciences Quetta Public
Balochistan Uni of Engineering and Technology Khuzdar Public
AZAD JAMMU & KASHMIR
University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Muzaffarabad AJK Public
Mohi-ud-Din Islamic University AJK Private
Al-Khair University AJK Private
NORTHERN AREAS
Karakurum International University Gilgit Public
Source: HEC


GROWTH OF UNIVERSITIES/DAIS IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR (1947-48 TO 2004-05).
NUMBER OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR UNIVERSITIES & DEGREE AWARDING INSTITUTIONS (DAIS) IN PAKISTAN.
YEAR UNIVERSITIES DEGREE AWARDING INSTITUTIONS
  PUBLIC PRIVATE PUBLIC PRIVATE
  TOTAL FEMALE TOTAL FEMALE TOTAL FEMALE TOTAL FEMALE
1947-48 2 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
1950-51 4 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
1959-60 5 - 0 - 1 - 0 -
1960-61 5 - 0 - 1 - 0 -
1961-62 6 - 0 - 1 - 0 -
1963-64 6 - 0 - 1 - 0 -
1964-65 7 - 0 - 1 - 0 -
1965-66 7 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1970-71 8 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1971-72 8 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1972-73 8 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1973-74 9 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1974-75 12 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1975-76 12 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1976-77 15 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1977-78 15 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1978-79 15 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1979-80 15 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1980-81 19 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1981-82 19 - 0 - 2 - 0 -
1982-83 19 - 1 - 2 - 0 -
1983-84 19 - 1 - 2 - 0 -
1984-85 19 - 2 - 3 - 0 -
1985-86 19 - 2 - 3 - 0 -
1986-87 20 - 2 - 3 - 0 -
1987-88 20 - 2 - 3 - 0 -
1988-89 20 - 2 - 3 - 0 -
1989-90 20 - 2 - 3 - 0 -
1990-91 20 - 2 - 3 - 0 -
1991-92 20 - 2 - 3 - 0 -
1992-93 21 - 3 - 3 - 0 -
1993-94 22 - 3 - 3 - 0 -
1994-95 25 - 4 - 3 - 2 -
1995-96 25 - 7 - 3 - 3 -
1996-97 27 - 7 - 3 - 4 -
1997-98 27 - 10 1 3 - 5 -
1998-99 28 1 10 1 3 - 5 -
1999-00 31 2 13 1 4 - 6 -
2000-01 32 2 14 1 5 - 8 -
2001-02 36 2 20 1 5 - 13 -
2002-03 45 2 31 1 7 1 13 -
2003-04 47 3 34 1 8 1 17 -
2004-05* 47 3 32 1 8 1 17 -
2004-05 47 3 34 1 8 1 19 -
2005-06** 49 4 36 1 8 1 18 -
* DHA Suffa University Karachi, Nazeer Hussain University withdrawn from HEC list, due to lack of physical, financial & academic infrastructure.
** Institute of South Asia Upgraded to University in July 2005. Kinnard College for Women shifted from Public to Private sector.
Source: HEC


DATA SHEET SHOWING NUMBER ,ENROLMENT TEACHING STAFF AND STUDENT TEACHERS RATIO

(STUDENT PER TEACHER)

TYPE 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07
NUMBER OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS (THOUSAND)
Total 159.3 162.5 147.7 149.1 150.8 155 157.1 157.5 159.3
Female 56.5 58.7 42.9 43.5 43.9 43.9 44.4 45.9 46.3
ENROLMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS (THOUSAND)
Total 18169 19148 17135 17529 18220 19781 21333 23970 24585
Female 6450 7044 6893 7167 7519 8179 9082 10474 10822
TEACHERS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS(THOUSAND)
Total 359.2 366.4 408.9 413.9 433.5 432.2 450.1 444 448.3
Female 124.7 127.2 180 183.5 191.7 195.3 206.5 201 203.4
Student Teacher Ratio (Student per Teacher) 50.6 52.3 41.9 42.4 42 45.8 47.4 54 54.8
Teachers per School (Total) 2.3 2.3 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8
Teachers per School (Female) 2.2 2.2 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.4
Student per School 114.1 117.8 116 117.6 120.8 127.6 135.8 152.2 154.3
Percentage of Female Teachers 34.7 34.7 44 44.3 44.2 45.2 45.9 45.3 45.4
NUMBER OF MIDDLE SCHOOLS (THOUSAND)
Total 18.1 18.4 25.5 26.8 28 28.7 30.4 39.4 40.9
Female 8 8.1 5.9 6.3 6.5 6.6 7 7.8 8.1
ENROLMENT IN MIDDLE SCHOOLS (THOUSAND)
Total 4098 4112 3759 3821 3918 4321 4551 5262 5369
Female 1586 1615 1455 1506 1551 1737 1863 2169 2238
TEACHERS IN MIDDLE SCHOOLS (THOUSAND)
Total 89.7 91.5 209.7 230.1 236.3 239.4 246.7 310.8 315.2
Female 43.4 44.3 125.8 139.3 145.8 146.6 151.5 201.6 203.9
Student Teacher Ratio (Student per Teacher) 45.7 44.9 17.9 16.6 16.6 18 18.4 16.9 17
Teachers per School (Total) 5 5 8.2 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.1 7.9 7.7
TYPE 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07
Teachers per School (Female) 5.4 5.5 21.3 22.1 22.4 22.2 21.6 25.8 25.2
Student per School 226.4 223.5 147.4 142.6 139.9 150.6 149.7 133.6 131.3
Percentage of Female Teachers 48.4 48.4 60 60.5 61.7 61.2 61.4 64.9 64.7
NUMBER OF HIGH SCHOOLS (THOUSAND)
Total 12.4 12.6 14.8 15.1 15.6 16.1 16.6 22.9 23.5
Female 4.5 4.6 2.8 2.8 2.8 3 3.1 3.9 4.1
ENROLMENT IN HIGH SCHOOLS (THOUSAND)
Total 1702 1726 1565 1574 1589 1800 1880 2133 2306
Female 638 653 597 644 658 709 756 882 946
TEACHERS IN HIGH SCHOOLS (THOUSAND)
Total 152.7 155.7 260.3 270.2 278 276.9 282.1 362.2 367.1
Female 51.2 52.2 122.6 126.1 132 134.2 138.8 197.4 200.9
Student Teacher Ratio (Student per Teacher) 11.1 11.1 6 5.8 5.7 6.5 6.7 5.9 6.3
Teachers per School (Total) 12.3 12.4 17.6 17.9 17.8 17.2 17 15.8 15.6
Teachers per School (Female) 11.4 11.3 43.8 45 47.1 44.7 44.8 50.6 49
Student per School 137.3 137 105.7 104.2 101.9 111.8 113.3 93.1 98.1
Percentage of Female Teachers 33.5 33.5 47.1 46.7 47.5 48.5 49.2 54.5 54.7
NUMBER OF SEC.VOCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
Total 580 612 630 607 585 636 643 643 652
Female 228 233 236 239 230 252 255 258 260
ENROLMENT IN SECONDARY VOCATIONAL INST
Total 75093 90829 82714 82879 93921 101106 138186 181667 161047
Female 17131 16798 14068 15401 18916 23469 28871 39573 20798
TEACHERS IN SECONDARY VOCATIONAL INST.
Total 7133 9253 9441 7192 7273 8535 8668 8282 8798
Female 1858 1959 1959 1863 1623 1957 1884 1979 1884
Student Teacher Ratio (Student per Teacher) 10.5 9.8 8.8 11.5 12.9 11.8 15.9 21.9 18.3
Teachers per Sec.Voc.Inst (Total) 12.3 15.1 15 11.8 12.4 13.4 13.5 12.9 13.5

TYPE

1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07
Teachers per Sec.Voc.Inst. (Female) 8.1 8.4 8.3 7.8 7.1 7.8 7.4 7.7 7.2
Student per Sec.Voc.Inst. 129.5 148.4 131.3 136.5 160.5 159 214.9 282.5 247
Percentage of Female Teachers 26 21.2 20.7 25.9 22.3 22.9 21.7 23.9 21.4
NUMBER OF ARTS & SCIENCE COLLEGES
Total 840 889 916 939 964 1066 1174 1208 1231
Female 339 358 380 394 414 458 515 529 539
ENROLMENT IN ARTS & SCIENCE COLLEGES
Total 779707 791995 762660 750583 801746 905058 1009279 1047249 1097036
Female 351166 372271 373990 369830 395546 441695 495135 521905 552902
TEACHERS IN ARTS SCIENCE COLLEGES
Total 26942 27662 27547 26494 27911 29730 30997 32502 33438
Female 10347 10553 10544 10411 11024 12238 12979 13367 13642
Student Teacher Ratio (Student per Teacher) 28.9 28.6 27.7 28.3 28.7 30.4 32.6 32.2 32.8
Teachers per College (Total) 32.1 31.1 30.1 28.2 29 27.9 26.4 26.9 27.2
Teachers per College (Female) 30.5 29.5 27.7 26.4 26.6 26.7 25.2 25.3 25.3
Student per College 928.2 890.9 832.6 799.3 831.7 849 859.7 866.9 891.2
Percentage of Female Teachers 38.4 38.1 38.3 39.3 39.5 41.2 41.9 41.1 40.8
NUMBER OF PROFESSIONAL COLLEGES
Total 308 324 352 374 382 416 408 432 420
Female 18 15 18 20 19 20 21 23 19
ENROLMENT IN PROFESSIONAL COLLEGES
Total 163445 160985 158828 161349 163852 178835 186802 202716 207420
Female 41078 41036 39580 40540 41932 46377 48340 50323 55882
TEACHERS IN PROFESSIONAL COLLEGES
Total 8861 9043 9131 9358 9841 10659 9961 11158 12377
Female 1771 1765 1769 2015 2107 2178 2048 2706 3009
Student
Teacher Ratio (Student per Teacher)
18.4 17.8 17.4 17.2 16.6 16.8 18.8 18.2 16.8
TYPE 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07
Teachers per Prof.College (Total) 28.8 27.9 25.9 25 25.8 25.6 24.4 25.8 29.5
Teachers per Prof.College (Female) 98.4 117.7 98.3 100.8 110.9 108.9 97.5 117.7 158.4
Student per Prof.College 530.7 496.9 451.2 431.4 428.9 429.9 457.8 469.3 493.9
Percentage
of Female Teachers
20 19.5 19.4 21.5 21.4 20.4 20.6 24.3 24.3
NUMBER OF UNIVERSITIES
Total 26 26 26 29 29 52 52 61 61
Female 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 5 5
ENROLMENT IN UNIVERSITIES
Total 91637 114010 124944 117863 126870 218275 234142 227339 296812
Female 25469 27369 36699 39682 43668 83127 89105 93494 111473
TEACHERS IN UNIVERSITIES
Total 4911 5914 5988 5160 6180 11404 13208 13967 16245
Female 837 1174 1302 1247 1375 3137 3642 4087 4957
Student
Teacher Ratio (Student per Teacher)
18.7 19.3 20.9 22.8 20.5 19.1 17.7 16.3 18.3
Teachers per University
(Total)
188.9 227.5 230.3 177.9 213.1 219.3 254 229 266.3
Teachers per University (Female) 837 1174 1302 1247 1375 1045.7 1214 817.4 991.4
Student per University 3524.5 4385 4805.5 4064.2 4374.8 4197.6 4502.7 3726.9 4865.8
Percentage
of Female Teachers
17 19.9 21.7 24.2 22.2 27.5 27.6 29.3 30.5
Time Reference: Data presented in these tables pertain to the academic year mentioned therein. Primary Education covers 1 to 5 Classes, Middle Education includes Classes from 6 to 8. Secondary Education covers High Schools and Secondary Vocational Institutions, Whereas, professional Colleges cover Agricultural, Engineering, Medical, Commerce, Law, Home Economics, Education and other (Tibb, Fine Arts, Homeopath and Computers.)
Source: Provincial Bureau's of Statistics and Federal Academy of Educational Planning and Management Islamabad.


INSTITUTES
REGION UNIVERSITIES PUBLIC PRIVATE
AJK 3 1 2
Balochistan 7 5 2
Islamabad 17 14 3
Northern Areas 1 1 -
NWFP 22 13 9
Punjab 36 20 16
Sindh 38 13 25
Total 124 67 57
Source: HEC