NUCLEAR POWER IN PAKISTAN

NAJAM KHAN
June 11 - 17, 2007

International Scenario

Nuclear power is the most environment friendly method to generate electricity on a big scale. Electricity generation from nuclear power plants worldwide is projected to increase at an average rate of 1.3 percent per year, from 2,619 billion kilowatt hours in 2004 to 3,619 billion kilowatt hours till 2030. Nuclear power contributes 16% of world's total electricity production where as coal 40%, oil 10%, natural gas 15%, hydro and others 19%.

According to Energy Information Administration (EIA), world's demand for energy predicts to be increased by 53% till 2030 provided no change in policies, US$ 20.2 trillion of inflows in term of Investment will be required by 2030, increasing nuclear capacity by 41% to 519 GW and reducing energy demand by 10%.

Globally, France has the highest share of nuclear power out of the total power production of 78.07% in 2006 followed by Lithuania 72.3%, Slovakia 57.2%, Belgium 54.4% and Sweden 48%. Total power production including nuclear in France during 2006 was 549100GW where as total nuclear production stood at 428700 GW.

SHARE OF NUCLEAR IN TOTAL POWER PRODUCTION

 

COUNTRY

TOTAL POWER PRODUCTION (INCLUDING NUCLEAR) GWH(E)

NUCLEAR POWER PRODUCTION GWH(E)

SHARE OF NUCLEAR IN TOTAL POWER PRODUCTION (%)

1

France

549100

428700

78.07

2

Lithuania

10988.5

7944.6

72.30

3

Slovakia

29041

16599.273

57.16

4

Belgium

81420

44314.317

54.43

5

Sweden

135592

65053.934

47.98

6

Ukraine

178451

84814

47.53

7

Bulgaria

41541

18130

43.64

8

Armenia

5772

2421.617

41.95

9

Slovenia

13138.3

5289.475

40.26

10

Korea

365368.969

141178.692

38.64

Source: Power Reactor Information System
GWh = 1000 MWh or 1 million kWh

Pakistan generated 19505MW of power during FY06; a small part of 2.4% has been contributed by power out of 2.4% of country's entire electricity. Pakistan has a small nuclear power program, with 425 MWe capacity, but plans to enhance this significantly.

KARACHI NUCLEAR POWER PLANT KANUPP

Pakistan first nuclear power reactor KANUPP situated in Karachi started its operation in 1971 with a capacity to generate 125MW pressurized heavy water reactor which is working under international safety measures. The life of KANUPP has been increased to 15 years after it's re-licensing to operate away from its designed life of 30 years. It has been recently connected to the Karachi Electric Supply Corporation's grid and is currently generating 75 MW of electricity.

A task has been assigned to Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) to enhance the capacity of nuclear power to 0.9GW which is achievable by 2030. Six new nuclear reactors to be added in different location of Pakistan each reactor has the capacity to generate 1000Mw of power and Karachi will get 2 new reactors near KANUPP

CHASMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT CHASNUPP-1

The second unit is Chasma-1 in Punjab which started seven years back with a capacity of 300 MWe pressurized water reactor (PWR) supplied by China's CNNC under safeguard and also known as CHASNUPP-1.

CHASNUPP-2

The China Zhongyuan Engineering Corporation is involved with preparations to construct a 300 MWe nuclear power plant at Chasma which is a twin baby of CHASMA-1. The construction of Chasma-2 started in December 2005 and its grid connection is expected in 2011. The total cost of this project is US$850 million out of which US$350 is financed by China.

PLANTS FULL YEARS COMMERCIAL OPERATION PERFORMANCE

KARACHI NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

YEAR

ENERGY

CAPACITY

ENERGY AVAILABILITY FACTOR (%)

LOAD FACTOR (%)

ANNUAL TIME ON LINE (HOURS)

OPERATIONAL FACTOR (%)

(GWE.H)

(MWE)

ANNUAL

CUMULATIVE

ANNUAL

CUMULATIVE

2000

368.31

125

33.54

28.18

33.54

28.06

5078

57.81

2001

399.46

125

36.48

28.47

36.48

28.35

6049

69.05

2002

444.02

125

40.55

28.87

40.55

28.75

6601

75.35

2003

0

125

 

27.94

 

27.83

   

2004

183

125

24.71

27.84

16.67

27.48

6467

73.62

2005

253.56

125

37.74

28.14

23.16

27.35

6633

75.72

2006

14.99

125

4.59

27.46

1.37

26.6

408

4.66

CHASNUPP 1

2000

529.15

300

72.19

 

68.69

 

1860

72.43

2001

1581.75

300

60.06

60.06

60.19

60.19

5918

67.56

2002

1356

300

52.25

56.16

51.6

55.89

4790

54.68

2003

1809.8

300

68.85

60.39

68.87

60.22

6879

78.53

2004

1750.71

300

66.35

61.88

66.44

61.78

5949

67.73

2005

2155.19

300

81.92

65.89

82.01

65.82

7458

85.14

2006

2532.91

300

98.19

71.27

96.38

70.91

8569

97.82

Source: Power Reactor Information System