PAKISTAN'S ECONOMIC PROFILE

By Abdul Aziz Arain, M.A., M. Com:, A.M.B.I.M.
Aug 23 - 29, 2004

 

1. FEDERAL CAPITAL

> ISLAMABAD

.

2. PROVINCIAL CAPITALS

> PUNJAB

LAHORE

.

> SINDH

KARACHI

.

> N.W.F.P.

PESHAWAR

.

> BALOCHISTAN

QUETTA

3. LANGUAGES

NATIONAL LANGUAGE

> URDU

.

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

> ENGLISH

 

.

REGIONAL LANGUAGES

> PUNJABI
> SINDHI
> PUSHTO
> BROHI
> BALOCHI
> SERAIKI

4. GOVERNMENT FISCAL/ TRADE/AGRICULTURE YEAR

JULY 1st TO JUNE 30th

5. CURRENCY

RUPEE (1 U.S.$=Rs.57.5378 AVERAGE)
(1 Euro = Rs. 68.3312 AVERAGE
(1 Pound = Rs. 98.7966 AVERAGE)
(1 UAE Dirham = Rs. 15.6632 AVERAGE)

6. LOCATION

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN LIES BETWEEN 23 AND 37 NORTH LATITUDE AND 61 AND 76 EAST LONGITUDE.

7. BOUNDARY NORTH: CHINA (SIN KIANG)

NORTHWEST:

AFGHANISTAN & CHINA

EAST:

INDIA

SOUTH:

ARABIAN SEA

8. CLIMATE

. HOT SUMMER MONTHS EXTEND FROM JUNE TO AUGUST AND THE WINTER MONTHS ARE FROM DECEMBER TO FEBRUARY

9. TOPOGRAPHY

The Northern regions of Pakistan is famous for its high mountain ranges, the Himalayas and the Karakorams. The Highest peak in the area is Godwin Austin (K-2) which is 8610.60 Meters (The second highest peak in the world).

The south western part of the country is a plateau with an average height of about 609.60 Meters above the sea level.

Most of the area in Punjab and Sindh is a plain formed by the river Indus. It is known for its excellent net work of canals and rich agricultural land. The province of N.W.F.P. comprises both hilly areas and fertile valleys. Balochistan is mainly an arid region with promise of mineral wealth and deposits.

10. AREA

 

SQUARE KILOMETERS

PERCENTAGE

Pakistan - Total Area

796,095 "

100

Punjab

205,344 "

25.79

Sindh

140,914 "

17.70

N.W.F.P.

74,521 "

09.36

F.A.T.A.

27,220 "

03.42

Balochistan

347,190 "

43.62

Islamabad Federal Area

906 "

00.11

TOTAL CROPPED AREA

21.85 MILLION

HECTARES

AREA UNDER FORESTS

4.04 MILLION

HECTARES

 


 

11. POPULATION (2003)

BOTH SEX

MALE

FEMALE

POPULATION (000)

149,030

77,380 (51.922%)

77,380 (48.078%)

URBAN AREAS (33.490%)

49,910

. .

RURAL AREAS (66.510%)

99,120

. .

(Estimated Poulation mid 2004) (000)

151,862

. .

 


 

12. POPULATION GROWTH RATE
(Estimated addition of 7759 person per day. 2.832 million persons per annum)

1.90% PER ANNUM

- CRUDE BIRTH RATE

PER - 1000

28.00

- CRUDE DEATH RATE

PER - 1000

8.10

- INFANT MORTALITY RATE

PER - 1000

82.00

 


 

13. DENSITY OF POPULATION

187.20

PERSONS PER SQUARE KILOMETER

14. LIFE EXPECTANCY

.

63.95 YEARS .
.

MALE

64.10 YEARS

.
.

FEMALE

63.80 YEARS

.

15. LITERACY RATE

BOTH SEX

54.00 PERCENT

.
.

MALE

66.25 PERCENT

.
.

FEMALE

41.75 PERCENT

.

16. WORKING AGE POPULATION

.

101.80 MILLION

.
.

URBAN

35.35 MILLION

(34.72%)

.

RURAL

66.45 MILLION

(65.28%)

17. LABOUR FORCE

.

45.05 MILLION

.
.

URBAN

14.86 MILLION

(32.99%)

.

RURAL

30.19 MILLION

(67.01%)

18. EMPLOYED LABOUR FORCE

.

41.32 MILLION

.
.

URBAN

13.41 MILLION

(32.45%)

.

RURAL

27.91 MILLION

(67.55%)

.

EMPLOYER LABOUR BY SECTOR

.

AGRICULTURE

42.10%

.

TRADE

14.80%

.

TRANSPORT

5.90%

.

MANUFACTURING & MINING

13.80%

.

CONSTRUCTION

5.80%

.

COMMUNITY & SOCIAL SERVICES

.15.50%
. . OTHERS .1.50%

19. UN-EMPLOYED LABOUR FORCE

.

3.72

MILLION

.

URBAN

1.44

MILLION

.

RURAL

2.28

MILLION

20. UN-EMPLOYED RATE %

.

8.27

PERCENT

.

URBAN

9.80

PERCENT

.

RURAL

7.55

PERCENT

21. LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATE %

.

29.61

PERCENT

.

URBAN

29.85

PERCENT

.

RURAL

29.10

PERCENT

22. GNP (FC)

Rs.5,206,565

BILLION

.

GNP (MP)

Rs.5,576,307

BILLION

.

23. G.D.P . (M P)

Rs.5,458,063

BILLION

.

G.D.P. (FC)

Rs.5,088,321

BILLION

.
24. GROWTH RATE

- G.N.P

5.4

PERCENT

.

- G.D.P. (FC)

6.4

PERCENT

.

- AGRICULTURE

2.6

PERCENT

.

- MANUFACTURING

13.4

PERCENT

.

- LARGE SCALE MANUFACUTIRNG

17.1

PERCENT

.

- SERVICE SECTOR

5.2

PERCENT

.

- TRANSPORT, STORAGE AND COMMUNICATIONS.

3.9

PERCENT

.

- ELECTRICITY AND GAS DISTRIBUTIONS

22.5

PERCENT

.

- CONSTRUCTION SECTOR

7.9

PERCENT

.

- FINANCE & INSURANCE

3.7

PERCENT

25. PER CAPITA INCOME (MP)

Rs.37,495 (US $ 652) GROWTH 5.8%

. .

26. INFLATION RATE

3.9

PERCENT

.

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX (CPI)

3.93

PERCENT

.

a) Food items infltion 4.9%

. ..
.

b) Non food items 3.3%

. .
.

SENSITIVE PRICE INDICATOR (SPI)

5.8

PERCENT

.

WHOLESALE PRICE INDEX (WPI)

7.05

PERCENT

27. SEA - PORTS

i) KARACHI

.

ii) PORT BIN QASIM

..

iii) GWADAR (UNDER CONSTRUCTION)

.

iv) KETI BUNDER (UNDER PROCESS OF PLANNING)

.

CARGO HANDLING

i) KARACHI PORT

20,500
(000 TONS)

. .

ii) PORT QASIM

11,200
(000 TONS)

28. INTERNATIONAL AlRPORTS

i) KARACHI

.

ii) LAHORE

.

iii) ISLAMABAD

.

iv) PESHAWAR

.

v) QUETTA

29. DRY PORTS

i) LAHORE

.

ii) RAWALPINDI

.

iii) PESHAWAR

.

iv) FAISALABAD

.

v) MULTAN

.

vi) QUETTA

.

vii) SIALKOT SAMBRIAL

.

viii) HYDERABAD

30. FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS .

.

(Nos)

.

(A) PUBLIC SECTOR BANKS

04

.

(B) PRIVATE SCHEDULE BANKS

20

.

(C) SPECIALIZED BANK

03

.

(D) INVESTMENT BANKS

14

.

(E) FOREIGN BANKS

12

.

(F) DEVELOPMENT FlNANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

06

.

(G) DISCOUNT AND GUARANTEE HOUSES

04

.

(H) HOUSE FINANCE COMPANIES

04

.

(I) MICRO FINANCE BANKS

02

.

(J) VENTURE CAPITAL COMPANIES

02

31. COMPANIES LISTED WITH STOCK EXCHANGES

No. of Companies

Listed Capital

- Karachi Stock Exchange

698

Rs. 363.0 Bln

- Lahore Stock Exchange

561

Rs. 347.6 Bln

- Islamabad Stock Exchange

257

Rs. 287.4 Bln

32. CURRENCY IN CIRCULATION
(As on 26th June, 2004)

Notes held in Banking Department

Rs. 175,880,000

.

Notes in Circulation

Rs. 613,649,697,000

.

TOTAL

Rs. 613,825,577,000

33. AREA UNDER IMPORTANT CROPS

CROPS

AREA(000 HECTARES)

PRODUCTION
(000 TONNES)

.

WHEAT

8,176

19,767

.

RICE

2,461

4,848

.

SUGARCANE

1,074

53,419

.

COTTON (BALES)

2,989

10,048

.

MAIZE

941

1,771

.

TOBACCO

46.8

83.7

.

GRAM

986

548

.

OIL SEED (ACRES)

7,912

702

.

YIELD PER HECTARE OF MAJOR AGRICULTURE CROPS

(KG/HECTOR)

.
.

WHEAT

2,418

.
.

RICE

1,970

.
.

SUGARCANE

49,738

.
.

MAIZE

1,882

.
.

GRAM

556

.
.

COTTON

571

.
.

FERTILIZER OFF-TAKE

(000.N/TONNES)

2,507.60

.

IMPORT OF PESTICIDES

QUANTITY/TONS

25,928.00

.

VALUE

MILLION Rs.

4,476.00

34. LIVESTOCK POPULATION

LIVESTOCK

MILLION. Nos.

.
.

BUFFALOES

25.5

.
.

CATTLES

23.8

.
.

GOATS

54.7

.
.

SHEEP

24.7

.
.

POULTRY

352.6

.
.

CAMELS

0.8

.
.

HORSES

0.3

.
.

DONKEYS

4.1

.

35. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS

TONNES

. .

MILK

28,624

... .

BEEF

1,087

.. .

MUTTON

723

.. .

POU LTRY MEAT

402

. ..

WOOL

39.9

. ..

HAIR

20.7

.. .

BONES

356.2

. .

FATS

132.9

. ..

EGGS (Million Nos.)

8,247

. .

HIDES (Million Nos.)

8.4

.

SKINS (Million Nos.)

41.4

. .

Fish Production (M/Tonne)

630,000

. .

36. EXTRACTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERAL
(JULY - MARCH, 2004)

MINERALS.

UNIT

.
.

COAL

000 TONNES

2,510

.

NATURAL GAS

000 M.CU.MTR.

23.84

.

CRUDE OIL

MLN. BARRELS

17.60

.

MARBLE

000 TONNES

648

.

CHROMITE

000 TONNES

18.0

.

DOLOMITE

000 TONNES

214.06

.

GYPSUM

000 TONNES

285

.

LIME STONES

000 TONNES

9,285

.

MAGNESITE

000 TONNES

3,164

.

ROCK SALT

000 TONNES

1,180

.

SULPHER

000 TONNES

16,528

.

BARYTE

000 TONNES

30.00

.

SALICA SAND

000 TONNES

167.00

.

IRON ORE

000 TONNES

27,874

37. TRANSPORT

NO. OF MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED

MOTOR CARS, JEEPS & WAGONS

1,285,918

.

MOTOR CARS - TAXI

91,247

.

BUSES

162,957

.

TRUCKS

178,883

.

MOTOR CYCLE 2 WHEELER

2,544,567

.

MOTOR CYCLE 3 WHEELER

122,448

.

OTHERS

846,017

TRANSPORT

(000 Nos.)

.

NO. OF MOTOR VEHICLES ON ROAD

MOTOR CARS

1,081.1

..
.

JEEPS

42.9

.
.

STATION WAGONS

103.5

.
.

TRACTORS

605.7

.
.

BUSES

99.3

.
.

TAXI CABS

87.2

.
.

RICKSHAWS

80.2

.
.

DELIVERY VANS

75.6

.
.

TRUCKS

139.1

.
.

OTHERS

73.0

.

RAIL

LOCOMOTIVE

Nos.

592

.

FREIGHT WAGON

Nos.

22,052

.

PASSENGER COACHES

.

1,901

.

RAILWAY ROUTE

KM

7,791

.

RAILWAY STATIONS

Nos.

781

.

NO. OF PASSENGER CARRIED MLN

52.90

.

FREIGHT CARRIED

MLN TONS

4.60

ROADS

TOTAL ROADS

KM

255,856

.

HIGH TYPE

KM (61.74%)

157,975

.

LOW TYPE

KM (38.26%)

97,881

PAKISTAN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES

NO. OF AIRCRAFTS

47

PIA NETWORK   .

INTERNATIONAL STATIONS

38

.

DOMESTIC STATIONS

24

.

PAKISTAN NATIONAL SHIPPING CORPORATION

NO. OF VESSELS & OIL TANKER

14

.
.

DEAD WEIGHT (TONNES)

470,326

.
.

CARGO TRAFFIC

.
.

HANDLED (000. TONNES)

5.86

.

38. EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS BY KIND AND LEVEL

PRIMARY SCHOOLS

Nos.

156,100

MIDDLE SCHOOLS

Nos.

28,176

HIGH SCHOOLS

Nos.

16,059

SECONDARY VOCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

(000) Nos.

647

ARTS & SCIENCE COLLEGE

Nos.

925

PROFESSIONAL COLLEGES

Nos.

347

UNIVERSITIES

Nos.

29

EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION AS OF PERCENTAGE OF GNP.

%

2.4

39. HEALTH FACILITIES

HOSPITALS

Nos.

906

DISPENSERIES

Nos.

4,554

BASIC HEALTH UNITS & SUB- HEALTH CENTRES

Nos.

5,290

RURAL HEALTH CENTRES

Nos.

552

MATERNITY HOMES

Nos.

907

TB CENTRES

Nos.

289

HOSPITAL BEDS

Nos.

98,684

DOCTORS (REGISTERED)

Nos.

108,062

DENTISTS (REGISTERED)

Nos.

5,530

LADY HEALTH VISITORS

Nos.

6,599

NURSES (REGISTERED)

Nos.

46,331

POPULATION PER

HOSPITAL BED

Nos.

1,536

DOCTOR

Nos.

1,404

DENTIST

Nos.

27,414

NURSE

Nos.

3,295

NURSE PER HOSPITAL BED

Nos.

2.129

AVERAGE PER CAPITA, PER ANNUM NATIONAL EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH

Rs.

220.00

DAILY PER CAPITA FOOD

CALORIES - PER DAY

Nos.

2,529

PROTEIN PER DAY PER CAPITA

Gram

64.3

EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH AS % OF GNP (Total expenditure on health facilities Rs. 32.80 million)

%

0.8

40. MANUFACTURING (July-March 2004)

COTTON YARN

1,456.4

(MLN KG.)

COTTON CLOTH

485.4

(MLN Sq Mtr)

VEGETABLE GHEE (155 Units)

647.8

(000 TONNES)

COOKING OIL

124.9

(000 TONNES)

CIGARETTES

39.4

(Bls Nos)

NETROGENOUS

1,681.1

(000 TONNES)

FERTILIZER (11 Unit)

S.PHOSPATIC FERTILIZER

125.0

(000 TONNES)

AMMOUNIUM NITRATE

263.9

(000 TONNES)

NITRO PHOSPHATE

269.7

(000 TONNES)

UREA

3,336.8

(000 TONNES)

CEMENT (24 units)

9,272

(000 TONNES)

SUGAR (77 mills)

33,746.9

(000 TONNES)

COKE

589.9

(000 TONNES)

PIG IRON/HOT METAL

886.9

(000 TONNES)

BILLETS

341.4

(000 TONNES)

SODA ASH

218.3

(000 TONNES)

CASTIC SODA

137.1

(000 TONNES)

PAPER & PAPER BOARD

302.2

(000 TONNES)

REFRIGERATORS

426.9

(000. Nos.)

T.V SETS

581.5

(000. Nos.)

PRODUCTION OF MOTOR VEHICLES (July-Dec 2003)

TRUCKS

946

(Nos.)

BUSES

645

(Nos.)

L. C .Vs

9,219

(Nos.)

4X4 VEHICLES

383

(Nos.)

TRACTORS

25,435

(Nos.)

MOTOR CYCLES/SCOOTERS

214,932

(Nos.)

CARS & JEEPS

69,802

(Nos.)

AUTOMOBILES

18

(Nos.)

MANUFACTURERS UNITS-PARTS AUTO MANUFACTURERS

850

(Nos.)

41. COTTON MILLS (July-March 2004)

TEXTILE MILLS

INSTALLED CAPACITY

WORKING CAPACITY

COTTON Mills. Nos.

399

-

SPINDLES000 Nos.

9,286.8

7,765

LOOMS000 Nos.

10.2

4.3

ROTORS000Nos.

145.6

67.3

WEAVING SECTOR

INTEGRATED TEXTILE UNITS

10,214

4,356

INDEPENDENT WEAVING UNITS

23,652

22,000

POWERS LOOMS

225,258

190,000

TOTAL:

259,124

216,356

42. POWER (July-March 2004)

The total power installed capacity from all the three sources, i.e. Hydel, Thermal and Nuclear is 19,478 MW.

INSTALLED CAPACITY

GENERATION

- HYDEL (MW)

7,726

20,883

- THERMAL (MW)

11,290

34,23.7

- PRIVATE IPP

- K.E.S.C.

1,756

- KANUPP-Nulclear (MW)

462

1,571

COMMERCIAL ENERGY SUPPLIES

- ELECTRICITY

(GWH)

56,641

- COAL

(000 TONNES)

4,001

- OIL

(000. BARRELS)

58,678

- GAS

(BCF)

882,684

- PETROLEUM

(000. TONNES)

10,856

COMMERCIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

- ELECTRICITY

(GWH)

41,836

- COAL

(METERIC TONNES)

3,243.9

- GAS

(MMCFT)

773,457

- PETROLEUM

(000. TONNES)

9,512

ENERGY CONSUMPTION BREAK UP (July-March 2004)

GAS (bln CFT)

OIL/PETROLEUM
(000 TONNES)

G HOUSE HOLDS

142,135

184,398

G INDUSTRY

142,246

1,295,513

G AGRICULTURE

138,798

135,942

G TRANSPORT (CNG)

11,379

6,173,623

G POWER

316,425

1,781,959

G OTHERS

22,974

224,418

TOTAL:

773,457

9,795,453

COAL PRODUCTION (July-March 2004)

COAL PRODUCTION

2.500 M TONNES

PRODUCTION OF CRUDE OIL (July-March 2004)

CRUDE OIL EXTRACTION

62,139 US BARREL PER DAY
17.600 MILLION US BARREL

NATURAL GAS (July-March 2004)

PRODUCTION OF NATURAL GAS

3,173

MILLION CUBIC FEET PER DAY

.

882,684

BLN CUBIC METER

43. POST & TELECOMMUNICATIONS

R POST OFFICES (NOS)

12,254

R TELEGRAPH OFFICES (NOS)

288

R NO. OF TELEPHONES (000 NOS.)

5,042

R PUBLIC CALL OFFICES (NOS)

190,867

R NO. OF TV SETS (000 NOS.)

3,800

R NO. OF INTERNET CONNECTION mln. no.

1.9

44. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT)

BANDWIDTH

228.56 MEGA BYTE

TOTAL NO. OF ISPs

207

45. BALANCE OF PAYMENT -(July 2003-April 2004)

.

(US$ MLN)

.
.

EXPORT (F.O.B)

10,001.00

12,100

.

IMPORTS (F.O.B)

12,012.40

12,800

.

TRADE BALANCE

(-) 2,011.40

700

46. GROWTH RATE

EXPORT (F.O.B)

13.06%

IMPORTS (F.O.B)

18.95%

TRADE DEFICIT

US$ 1.369 BILLION

47. FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES (April, 2004)

US $ 12.505 BILLION

48. FISCAL INDICATORS

Rs. BILLION

TOTAL REVENUE

780.3

- TAX

600.9

- NON TAX

179.4

TOTAL EXPENDITURE

957.7

- CURRENT EXPENDITURE

793.6

- DEFENCE

180.0

- INTEREST

202.5

- GEN. ADMIN

70.5

- OTHER

136.2

- PROVINCIAL

204.4

- DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE.

164.1

49. INFLOW OF NET FOREIGN INVESTMENT

(US$ MILLION)

DIRECT

US $ 760.4

PORTFOLIO

(-)US $ 131.3

TOTAL

US $ 629.1

50. INFLOW OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT BY ECONOMIC GROUP

(US$ MILLION)

1. POWER

14.9

2. CHEMICAL PHARMECEUTICAL AND FERTILIZER

23.7

3. CONSTRUCTION

24.1

4. MINING & QUARRYING OIL & GAS

169.6

5. FOOD, BEVERAGES & TOBACCO

4.1

6. TEXTILE

26.8

7. TRADE, TRANSPORT, STORAGE & COMMUNICATION

134.6

8. MACHINERY OTHER THAN ELECTRICAL

0.6

9. ELECTRONICS

5.5

10. FINANCIAL BUSINESS

238.3

11. PETRO-CHEMICAL & refining

60.7

12. CEMENT

1.5

13. OTHERS

55.9

TOTAL:

760.4

51. EXTERNAL DEBT & FOREIGN EXCHANGE LIABILITIES

- PUBLIC & PUBLICLY GUARANTEED

30.185 RS. BLN

- PRIVATE NON-GURANTEED

1.731 RS. BLN

- IMF

1.912 $ BLN

- FOREIGN EXCHANGE

2.018 $ BLN

LIABILITIES

- TOTAL DEBT

35.846 $ BLN

- RESERVES

(-) 11.001 $ BLN

- NET DEBT & LIABILITIES

24.845 $ BLN

SOURCE:
-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC SURVEY, 2003-2004
-STATE BANK OF PAKISTAN REPORTS
-BUREAU OF STATISTICS REPORTS
- NEWSPAPER & OTHER REFERENCES