PAKISTAN: ECONOMIC
PROFILE 2002-03

 

Aug 18 - 24, 2003 

1. FEDERAL CAPITAL

ISLAMABAD

2. PROVINCIAL CAPITALS

PUNJAB

LAHORE

SINDH

KARACHI

N.W.F.P.

PESHAWAR

BALOCHISTAN

QUETTA

3.LANGUAGES

NATIONAL LANGUAGE

URDU

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

ENGLISH

REGIONAL LANGUAGES

PUNJABI
SINDHI
PUSHTO
BROHI
BALOCHI
SERAIKI

4. GOVERNMENT FISCAL/ TRADE/AGRICULTURE YEAR

JULY 1st TO JUNE 30th

5. CURRENCY

RUPEE 1 U.S.$=Rs.57.7757 AVERAGE

1 Euro = Rs. 62.7277 AVERAGE

6. LOCATION

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN LIES BETWEEN 23 AND 37 AND 61 AND 76 EAST LONGITUDE. NORTH LATITUDE

7. BOUNDARY

NORTH:

CHINA (SINKIANG)

NORTH WEST:

AFGHANISTAN & CHINA

EAST:

INDIA

SOUTH:

ARABIAN SEA

8. CLIMATE

HOT SUMMER MONTHS EXTEND FROM JUNE TO AUGUST AND THE WINTER MONTHS ARE FROM DECEMBER TO FEBRUARY.

9.TOPOGRAPHY

The Northern regions of Pakistan is famous for its high mountain ranges, the Himalayas and the Karakorams.The Highest peak in the area is Godwin Austin (K-2) which is 8610.60 Meters (The second highest peak in the world).
The south western part of the country is a plateau with an average height of about 609.60 Meters above the sea level. Most of the area in Punjab and Sindh is a plain formed by the river Indus. it is known for its excellent net work of canals and rich agricultural land. The province of N.W.F.P. comprises both hilly areas and fertile valleys. Balochistan is mainly an arid region with promise of mineral wealth

 


 

10.

AREA

SQUARE

%

KILOMETERS

Pakistan - Total Area

796,095

"

100

Punjab

205,344

"

25.79

Sindh

140,914

"

17.70

N.W.F.P.

74,521

"

09.36

F.A.T.A.

27,220

"

03.42

Balochistan

347,190

"

43.62

Islamabad Federal Area

906

"

00.11

TOTAL CROPPED AREA

22.15

MILLION

HECTARES

AREA UNDER FORESTS

3.81

MILLION

HECTARES

11.

DENSITY OF POPULATION

185.00

PERSONS PER SQUARE KILOMETER

12. POPULATION

BOTH SEX

MALE

FEMALE

POPULATION (000)

149,030

77,380 (51.922%)

77,380 (48.078%)

URBAN AREAS (33.490%)

49,910

   

RURAL AREAS (66.510%)

99,120

   

13.POPULATION GROWTH RATE

 

2.10%PER ANNUM

 

-CRUDE BIRTH RATE

PER - 1000

27.30

 

-CRUDE DEATH RATE

PER - 1000

8.00

 

-INFANTMORTALITY RATE

PER - 1000

83.30

 

 


 

14. LIFE EXPECTANCY

63.6 YEARS

MALE

63.7 YEARS

FEMALE

63.4 YEARS

 


 

15.LITERACY RATE

51.6

PERCENT

MALE

64.0

PERCENT

FEMALE

39.0

PERCENT

 


 

16.WORKING AGE POPULATION

99.00

MILLION

.

URBAN

35.56

MILLION

(35.92%)

RURAL

63.44

MILLION

(64.08%)

17.LABOUR FORCE

42.38

MILLION

.

URBAN

12.56

MILLION

(29.63%)

RURAL

29.82

MILLION

(70.37%)

18.EMPLOYED LABOUR FORCE

39.06

MILLION

.

URBAN

11.31

MILLION

(28.96%)

RURAL

27.75

MILLION

(71.04%)

 


 

EMPLOYER LABOUR BY SECTOR

AGRICULTURE

48.42%

TRADE

13.50%

FINANCE

15.02%

TRANSPORT

5.03%

MANUFACTURING & MINING

11.55%

CONSTRUCTION

5.78%

OTHERS

0.70%

 


 

19. UN-EMPLOYED LABOUR FORCE

3.32

MILLION

URBAN

1.25

MILLION

RURAL

2.07

MILLION

 


 

20. UN-EMPLOYED RATE %

7.83

PERCENT

URBAN

9.95

PERCENT

RURAL

6.94

PERCENT

 


 

21. LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION

RATE %

28.97

PERCENT

URBAN

27.14

PERCENT

RURAL

29.82

PERCENT

 


 

22.GNP (FC)

Rs.3,890,299

BILLION

GNP (MP)

Rs.4,198,741

BILLION

23.G.D.P . (M P) Rs.4,018.10 BILLION
G.D.P. (FC) Rs.3,709.79 BILLION

 


 

24. GROWTH RATE

- G.N.P

8.4

PERCENT

- G.D.P. (FC)

5.1

PERCENT

- AGRICULTURE

4.2(-)

PERCENT

- MANUFACTURING

7.7

PERCENT

- LARGE SCALE MANUFACTURING

8.7

PERCENT

- SERVICE SECTOR

5.3

PERCENT

-TRANSPORT, STORAGE AND COMMUNICATIONS.

3.1

PERCENT

- ELECTRICITY AND GAS DISTRIBUTIONS

3.9(-)

PERCENT

- CONSTRUCTION SECTOR

3.4

PERCENT

- FINANCE & INSURANCE

1.4

PERCENT

 


 

25. PER CAPITA INCOME (MP)

Rs.28,933
(US $ 492)

GROWTH 17.4%

26. INFLATION RATE

3.7

PERCENT

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX (CPI)

3.3

PERCENT

SENSITIVE PRICE INDICATOR (SPI)

4.0

PERCENT

WHOLESALE PRICE INDEX (WPI)

4.8

PERCENT

 


 

27. SEA - PORTS

i) KARACHI
ii) PORT BIN QASIM
iii) GAWADAR (UNDER CONSTRUCTION)
iv) KETI BUNDER (UNDER PROCESS OF PLANNING)

28.INTERNATIONAL AlRPORTS

i) KARACHI
ii) LAHORE
iii) ISLAMABAD
iv) PESHAWAR
v) QUETTA

29.DRY- PORTS

i) LAHORE
ii) RAWALPINDI
iii) PESHAWAR
iv) FAISALABAD
v) MULTAN
vi) QUETTA
vii) SIALKOT
viii) Hyderabad

 


 

30.FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

(Nos)

(A) NATIONALIZED SCHEDULED BANKS

03

(B) DE-NATIONALIZED SCHEDULED BANKS

03

(C) PRIVATE SCHEDULE BANKS

14

(D) SPECIALIZED BANK

04

(E) INVESTMENT BANKS

14

(F) FOREIGN BANKS

16

(G) DEVELOPMENT FlNANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

06

(H) DISCOUNT AND GUARANTEE HOUSES

04

(I) HOUSE FINANCE COMPANIES

04

(J) MICRO FINANCE BANKS

02

(K) PROVINCIAL BANKS

02

(I) URE CAPITAL COMPANIES

02

31.CURRENCY IN CIRCULATION RUPEES IN BILLIONS

491.818

 


 

32. AREA UNDER IMPORTANT CROPS

CROPS

AREA(000) HECTARES

PRODUCTION(000-TONNES)

WHEAT

8,069

19,235

RICE

2,226

4,478

SUGARCANE

1,086

52,049

COTTON (BALES)

2,796

10,211

MAIZE

970

1,758

TOBACCO

49.5

94.9

GRAM

960

582

OIL SEED (ACRES)

7,912

634

 


 

YIELD PER HECTARE OF MAJOR AGRICULTURE CROPS

(KG/HECTOR)

WHEAT

2,384

RICE

2,012

SUGARCANE

47,927

MAIZE

1,812

GRAM

615

COTTON

621

FERTILIZER OFF-TAKE IMPORT OF PESTICIDES

(000.N/TONNES)

2,290.97

QUANTITY/TONS

16,906.90

VALUE

MILLION Rs. 2,635.00

 


 

33. LIVESTOCK POPULATION

LIVESTOCK

MILLION. NOs.

BUFFALOES

28.4

CATTLES

23.3

GOATS

52.8

SHEEP

23.3

POULTRY

346.1

CAMELS

0.8

HORSES

0.3

DONKEYS

4.1

34.LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS

000 TONNES

MILK

27,811.0

BEEF

1,060.0

MUTTON

702.0

POULTRY MEAT

370.0

WOOL

39.7

HAIR

19.9

BONES

347.6

FATS

129.7

EGGS (MILLION NOS.)

7,860.0

HIDES (Nos.)

8.2

SKINS (Nos.)

40.3

 


 

35.EXTRACTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERAL

MINERALS.

UNIT

(JULY - MARCH)

COAL

MILLION TONNES

2.6

NATURAL GAS

000 M.CU.MTR.

20.1

CRUDE OIL

MTR. BARRELS.

18.2

MARBLE

000 TONNES

586.6

CHROMITE

000 TONNES

15.0

DOLOMITE

000 TONNES

243.8

GYPSUM

000 TONNES

308.0

LIME STONES

000 TONNES

7.7

MAGNESITE

000 TONES

2.486

ROCK SALT

000 TONNES

994.0

SULPHER

000 TONNES

14,716

BARYTE

000 TONNES

20.0

SALICA SAND

000 TONNES

116

IRON ORE

TONNES

4,760

 


 

36.TRANSPORT NO. OF MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED

REGISTERED

MOTOR CARS, JEEPS & WAGONS

1,436,092

MOTOR CARS - TAXI

148,652

BUSES

231,523

TRUCKS

213,729

MOTOR CYCLE 2 WHEELER

2,480,372

MOTOR CYCLE 3 WHEELER

140,274

OTHERS

986,200

• TRANSPORT NO. OF MOTOR VEHICLES ON ROAD

(000 Nos.)

MOTOR CARS

1,044

JEEPS

43

STATION WAGONS

121

TRACTORS

611

BUSES

97

TAXI CABS

92

RICKSHAWS

82

DELIVERY VANS

116

TRUCKS

149

OTHERS

73

• RAIL

 

LOCOMOTIVE

Nos. 577

FREIGHT WAGON

Nos. 23,939

PASSENGER COACHES

1,901

RAILWAY ROUTE

KM 7,791

RAILWAY STATIONS

Nos. 781

NO OF PASSENGER CARRIED MLN

52.0

FREIGHT CARRIED

MLN TONS 4.40

•ROADS

 

TOTAL ROADS

KM 251,845

HIGH TYPE

KM 151,028

LOW TYPE

KM 100,817

•PAKISTANINTERNATIONAL AIRLINES

 

NO OF AIRCRAFTS

43

PIA NETWORK- INTERNATIONAL STATIONS

28

DOMESTIC STATIONS

23

•PRIVATE SECTOR AIRLINES

 

(I)-SHAHEEN AIRLINES
(II) - BHOJA AIR
(III) - AERO ASIA
(IV)-SAFEAIR INTERNATIONAL

•PAKISTAN NATIONAL SHIPPING CORPORATION

 

NO. OF VESSELS

13

DEAD WEIGHT (TONS)

229,579

CARGO TRAFFIC

.

HANDLED (000. TONS)

5.60

 


 

37. EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS BY KIND AND LEVEL

PRIMARY SCHOOLS

Nos.

164.20

MIDDLE SCHOOLS

Nos.

19.10

HIGH SCHOOLS

Nos.

12.90

SECONDARY VOCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Nos.

647.0

ARTS & SCIENCE COLLEGE

Nos.

925

PROFESSIONAL COLLEGES

Nos.

347

UNIVERSITIES

Nos.

29

EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION AS OF PERCENTAGE OF GNP.

%

1.7

 


 

38. HEALTH FACILITIES

HOSPITALS

Nos.

906

DISPENSERIES

Nos.

4,590

BASIC HEALTH UNITS & SUB-

Nos.

5,308

HEALTH CENTRES RURAL HEALTH CENTRES

Nos.

550

MATERNITY HOMES

Nos.

862

TB CENTRES

Nos.

285

BEDS

Nos.

98,264

DOCTORS (REGISTERED)

Nos.

101,635

DENTISTS (REGISTERED)

Nos.

5,068

LADY HEALTH VISITORS

Nos.

6,397

NURSES (REGISTERED)

Nos.

44,520

POPULATION PER HOSPITAL BED

Nos.

1,517

DOCTOR

Nos.

1,466

DENTIST

Nos.

29,405

NURSE

Nos.

3,347

NURSE PER HOSPITAL BED

Nos.

2.2

EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH AS% OF GNP

%

0.7

AVERAGE PER CAPITA, PER ANNUM NATIONAL EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH

Rs.

193.00

DAILY PER CAPITA FOOD CALORIES - PER DAY

Nos.

2,306

PROTEIN PER DAY. PER CAPITA

Gram

67.00

 


 

39. MANUFACTURING

COTTON YARN

1,613.0

(MLN KG.)

COTTON CLOTH

474.0

(MILLION Sq. Mtr)

VEGETABLE GHEE AND

559.2

(000 TONNES)

COOKING OIL

101.5

(000 TONNES)

CIGARETTES

36.231

(Bls Nos)

JUTE GOODS

64.1

(000 TONNES)

NETROGENOUS FERTILIZER

1,627.0

(000 TONNES)

PHOSPATIC FERTILIZER

109.0

(000 TONNES)

AMMOUNIUM NITRATE

243.9

(000 TONNES)

NITRO PHOSPHATE

213.7

(000 TONNES)

UREA

3,264.6

(000 TONNES)

CEMENT

8,518

(000 TONNES)

SUGAR

3,263.9

(000 TONNES)

COKE

556.7

(000 TONNES)

PIG IRON/HOT METAL

809.9

(000 TONNES)

BILLETS

314.2

(000 TONNES)

SODA ASH

211.8

(000 TONNES)

CASTIC SODA

119.0

(000 TONNES)

PAPER & PAPER BOARD

278.2

(000 TONNES)

REFRIGERATORS

240.0

(000. NOs.)

PRODUCTION OF MOTOR VEHICLES

TRUCKS

1,376

(Nos.)

BUSES

1,049

(Nos.)

L. C .Vs

8,728

(Nos.)

4X4 VEHICLES

255

(Nos.)

TRACTORS

17,870

.

MOTOR CYCLES/SCOOTERS.

125,625

(Nos.)

CARS & JEEPS

42,691

(000 Nos.)

 


 

40. COTTON MILLS

TEXTILE MILLS

INSTALLED CAPACITY

WORKING CAPACITY

No: of Mills.

361

.

SPINDLES 000 Nos.

9,173

7,578

LOOMS 000 Nos.

10.2

3.4

ROTORS 000Nos.

144

66.7

WEAVING SECTOR

INTEGRATED TEXTILE UNITS

10,249

4,947

INDEPENDENT WEAVING UNITS

23,652

22,000

POWERS LOOMS

225,258

190,000

TOTAL:

259,159

216,947

 


 

41. POWER

The total power installed capacity from all the three sources, i.e. Hydel, Thermal and Nuclear is 18,062 MW.

INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY

- HYDEL

5,009 MW

.

- THERMAL

4,685 MW

.

- PRIVATE IPP

5,816 MW

.

- K.E.S.C.

1,756 MW

.

- KANUPP

462 MW

.

COMMERCIAL ENERGY SUPPLIES

- ELECTRICITY

(GWH)

54,426

- COAL

(METERIC TONNES)

2,450

- OiL

(000. BARRELS)

58,157

- GAS

(MCFT)

724,602

- PETROLEUM

(000. TONNES)

13,303

COMMERCIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

- ELECTRICITY

(GWH)

40,472

- COAL

(METERIC TONNES)

2,450

- GAS

(MCFT)

673,034

- PETROLEUM

(000. TONNES)

12,665

ENERGY CONSUMPTION BREAK UP

 

GAS (bln CFT)

OIL/PETROLEUM
(000 TONNES)

HOUSE HOLDS

126,500

228,481

INDUSTRY

135,409

1,442,296

AGRICULTURE

130,866

144,017

TRANSPORT (CNG)

-

5,906,258

POWER

262,832

4,731,530

OTHERS

17,427

212,483

TOTAL:

673,034

12,665,075

COAL PRODUCTION

ESTIMATED COAL PRODUCTION

2.600 M TONNES

PRODUCTION OF CRUDE OIL

CRUDE OIL EXTRACTION

64,907 US BARREL PER DAY
18.150 MILLION US BARREL

NATURAL GAS

PRODUCTION OF NATURAL GAS

2,648

MILLION CUBIC FEET PER DAY

.

724,602

BLN CUBIC METER

 


 

42. POST & TELECOMMUNICATIONS

POST OFFICES (NOS)

12,267

TELEGRAPH OFFICES (NOS)

328

NO. OF TELEPHONES (000 NOS.)

4,589

PUBLIC CALL OFFICES (NOS)

114,527

NO. OF TV SETS (ooo NOS.)

3,604

NO. OF INTERNET CONNECTION mln. no.

1.9

43. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT)

BANDWIDTH

228.56 MEGA BYTE

TOTAL NO OF ISPS

207

44. BALANCE OF PAYMENT -

(U,S,$ MLN)

(JULY 2002 - MARCH 2003)

EXPORT (F.O.B)

US $ 7,761

IMPORTS (F.O.B)

US $ 8,371

TRADE BALANCE (-)

US $ 610

45.GROWTH RATE %

 

EXPORT (F.O.B)

17.09%

IMPORTS (F.O.B)

21. 07%

TRADE DEFICIT

US $ 1.5 BILLION

46.FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES (APRIL,2003)

US $ 10,377.2 MILLION

47.FISCAL INDICATORS

Rs. BILLION

TOTAL REVENUE

706.10

- TAX

553.30

- NON TAX

152.80

TOTAL EXPENDITURE

892.5

-CURRENT EXPENDITURE

728.8

- DEFENCE

158.0

- INTEREST

212.30

- GEN. ADMIN

57.90

- OTHER

115.50

-DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE.

163.70

48.INFLOW OF NET FOREIGN INVESTMENT

(U.S.$ MILLION)

DIRECT

US $ 658.2

PORTFOLIO (-)

US $605.0

TOTAL

US $ 664.7

49.INFLOW OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT BY ECONOMIC GROUP

(U.S.$ MILLION)

1. POWER

28.10

2. CHEMICAL PHARMECEUTICAL AND FERTILIZER

85.6

3. CONSTRUCTION

11.1

4. MINING & QUARRYING

137.2

5. FOOD, BEVERAGES & TOBACCO

5.6

6. TEXTILE

23.1

7. TRANSPORT & STORAGE

119.0

8. MACHINERY OTHER THAN ELECTRICAL

0.4

9. ELECTRONICS

4.5

11. FINANCIAL BUSINESS (-)

201.8

13. PETRO-CHEMICAL & refining

2.8

15. CEMENT

0.5

16. OTHERS

42.1

TOTAL:

661.8

50. INTEREST PAYMENTS  AND DEBT

- DOMESTIC DEBT

1,812.2 RS. BILN

- FOREIGN DEBT

35,583 $ MILLION

- INTEREST

172.0 $ MILLION

- TOTAL

2,019.783 $ MILLION

SOURCE: -PAKISTAN ECONOMIC SURVEY, 2002-2003
                -STATE BANK OF PAKISTAN — REPORTS
               -BUREAU OF STATISTICS