By Prof. SHAH MUHAMMAD LUHRANI,
Director IBA Sukkur
Aug 26 - Sep 01, 2002
In this dynamic business & technology competitive environment, the job market for MBA/ MCS Graduates is becoming more competitive. Those who are well equipped with business/ I.T. concept & market-oriented disciplines are acceptable where as others are just moving around the market in search of their acceptance.
Historically speaking, the IBA Karachi was established in year 1955 and it is a pioneer of Business Administration Education, producing MBA Graduates for industrial & financial Organizations in Pakistan and achieved Leading position about three decades in the country and also in Asia since 1960s. Since 1980s, the significant change is observed in science & technology, industrial development and increasing demand of the Banking & Financial institutions. The Public & Private institutions started Business Administration/ Management Sciences educational Programs and the job market became more competitive and now few institutions are imparting quality education.
It is observed that comparatively, the Institute of Business Administration (IBA) Sukkur is providing quality education in the professional field Business Administration since 1995 and Information Technology (I.T) since 2001 under the academic affiliation of IBA Karachi. The majority of IBA Sukkur MBA Graduates are in job/ accepted in the market.
The strength of IBA Sukkur is committed & dedicated qualified Faculty & Infrastructure. The Job market is now more competitive due to the mushroom growth of the institutes ignoring the criteria and infrastructure required for quality education and having no any admission policy & restriction of seats, and enroll hundreds of students ignoring market job requirements & standards. Such growth has created unemployment, poor quality of MBA/ MCS Graduates, low salary package and charging high fees from the public.
STANDARDS/ NORMS/ CRITERIA/ INFRASTRUCTURE FOR EDUCATION: It is evident fact that to produce quality product, the norms and criteria/infrastructure required for education must be crafted at National/ country level by the Government to implement the strategy in achieving the objectives. The infrastructure required in the institute for quality education is suggested and it includes the majority should be regular qualified faculty and very less number of visiting faculty, uniform market-oriented curriculum & prescribed modern text books [change/ renovation required], standards of teaching & teaching aids in the class, uniform grading & examination rules, uniform semester system, and feasible land & building for classrooms-seminar halls- labs -faculty & staff rooms/halls-research labs- library- faculty training & development arrangements- arrangements of students internship at the organizations - hostel & residence facilities --auditorium- sports grounds/ parks.
Unfortunately the uniformity of standards/ Norms in education is lacking in our country.
GOVERNMENT/ UGC ACCREDITATION POLICY: It is observed that the accreditation policy has been prepared in different times by the University Grants Commission (UGC)/ Government but there remained problem of implementation. The policy is not yet implemented to develop uniformity in infrastructure required for business or I.T. quality education in the country to face the challenges of competitive market. It is essential to implement accreditation policy in original spirit for quality education.
COORDINATION WITH INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATIONS/ INSTITUTIONS: Indeed the coordination with the Business Executives of the organizations will enable institutions in developing market-oriented curriculum. The government may ensure the presence of Business Executives on the academic board or Board of Governors/ Syndicate in the educational institutions for knowing the market needs and to improve the standard of education.
FACULTY TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT: It is observed that arrangements are not made in the institutions/ universities in the training & development of the Faculty to improve their teaching style, use of teaching aids, training for assessment of the quality of students & examination/ grading methods, use of modern text books/ research journals and publications and computers/ Internet in teaching process. It is significant to equip the faculty with latest knowledge & technology and funds may be allocated.
NEW INSTITUTES/ UNIVERSITIES: The Government should allow the establishment of the institutes or Universities on feasibility report that in which area it should be allowed to establish or it will provide loss to other already established institute or university. Since 1980s that principle is ignored and it is not considered and the mushroom growth of the institutes/ universities have provided damage to the existing institutions and decreased the standard of education. Even the measures are not taken to improve the standard of the education of the existing institutes/ universities or old may be discontinued if not meeting the standards.
MOS&TECH FINANCIAL ALLOCATION IN I.T: Drastic measures are made in the field of I.T. education and configuration of resources on the part of Ministry of Science & Technology of the Government of Pakistan. It is historic contribution of Prof. Dr. Attaur-Rehman in creating I.T. educational environment in the country to meet the requirements of the country and face challenges of global market. In this regard STRD comprises of 144 Projects Cost Rs: 9,425.624 Million of which PSDP allocation for 2001-2002 of STRD were Rs: 2536.30 Million of which Rs: 1410.004 Million was foreign aid. The Government has implemented the I.T. policies and has utilized 98.3% local currency funds Rs: 910.918 Million out of Rs: 1126.3.00 Million upto May 2002.
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT MEASURES: The Federal Government of Pakistan Annual Budget for financial year 2002-2003 is of Rs: 742 Billion of which Rs: 2.60 Billion (00.35 %) has been earmarked for the education sector against Rs: 2.50 Billion allocated in the current fiscal year for primary, secondary and higher education. It is evident that the government allocation of funds is not sufficient to develop the infrastructure required for standard of education and increase in the literacy rate. It is essential that the government shall have to craft a comprehensive strategy in education for the involvement of private sector and foreign donors to contribute in education sector.
The structural reforms are made by the present Government of Pakistan to improve the governance, increase in the investment, poverty related issues, literacy rate, professional graduates in I.T. and managerial skill. It is hoped that such improved governance, the end of high level of corruption, a more professional civil service with more transparency in its actions, judicial reforms that eliminate delays in case proceedings to provide justice to the people, police reforms that improve law & order for public safety & security, better auditing and accounting will surely benefit the investment climate and achieving objectives to extent these reforms are actually translated in to reality. Similarly structural reforms are also made in higher education with the abolition of UGC to improve the education standards in the country and if such steps and accreditation policy is implemented that surly will create environment of quality education in the country.