PAKISTAN'S ECONOMY

 

 ABDUL AZIZ ARAIN , M.A., M.Com:, A.M.B.I.M.
Aug 19 - 25, 2002

 

1.

FEDERAL CAPITAL

>ISLAMABAD

2.

PROVINCIAL CAPITALS

>PUNJAB

LAHORE

>SINDH

KARACHI

>N.W.F.P.

PESHAWAR

>BALOCHISTAN

QUETTA

3.

LANGUAGES

NATIONAL LANGUAGE

> URDU

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

> ENGLISH

REGIONAL LANGUAGES

> PUNJABI

> SINDHI

> PUSHTO

> BROHI

> BALOCHI

> SERAIKI

4.

GOVERNMENT FISCAL/ TRADE/AGRICULTURE YEAR

JULY 1st TO JUNE 30th

5.

CURRENCY

RUPEE (1 U.S.$=Rs.61.8596 AVERAGE)

6.

LOCATION

LIES BETWEEN 23 AND 37 NORTH LATITUDE AND 61 AND 76 EAST LONGITUDE.

7.

BOUNDRY

NORTH: CHINA NORTH WEST:

(SINKIANG) AFGHANISTAN & CHINA

EAST:

INDIA

SOUTH:

ARABIAN SEA

8.

CLIMATE

HOT SUMMER MONTHS EXTEND FROM JUNE TO AUGUST AND THE WINTER MONTHS ARE FROM DECEMBER TO FEBRUARY

9.

TOPOGRAPHY

The Northern regions of Pakistan is famous for its high mountain ranges, the Himalayas and the Karakorams.The Highest peak in the area is Godwin Austin (K-2) which is 8610.60 Meters (The second highest peak in the world). The south western part of the country is a plateau with an average height of about 609.60 Meters above the sea level. Most of the area in Punjab and Sindh is a plain formed by the river Indus. it is known for its excellent net work of canals and rich agricultural land. The provinc e of N.W.F.P. comprises both hilly areas and fertile valleys. Balochistan is mainly an arid region with promise of mineral wealth

10.

AREA

SQUARE

KILOMETERS

PERCENTAGE

Pakistan - Total Area

796,095

"

100

Punjab

205,344

"

25.79

Sindh

140,914

"

17.70

N.W.F.P.

74,521

"

09.36

F.A.T.A.

27,220

"

03.42

Balochistan

347,190

"

43.62

Islamabad Federal Area

906

"

00.11

TOTAL CROPPED AREA

22.00 MILLION

HECTARES

AREA UNDER FORESTS

3.79 MILLION

HECTARES

11.

DENSITY OF POPULATION

183.34

PERSONS PER SQUARE KILOMETER

12.

POPULATION

BOTH SEX

MALE

FEMALE

POPULATION (000)

145,960

75,790 (51.925%)

70,170 (48.075%)

URBAN AREAS (33.502%)

48,900

RURAL AREAS (66.498%)

97,060

13.

POPULATION - GROWTH RATE

2.169%PER ANNUM

- CRUDE BIRTH RATE

PER -1000

28.70

- CRUDE DEATH RATE

PER -1000

8.20

- INFANT MORTALITY RATE

PER -1000

85.00

14.

LIFE EXPECTANCY

63.6 YEARS

MALE

63.7 YEARS

FEMALE

63.4 YEARS

15.

LITERACY RATE

50.5 PERCENT

MALE

63.0 PERCENT

FEMALE

38.0 PERCENT

16.

WORKING AGE POPULATION

97.04 MILLION

URBAN

34.86 MILLION

(35.92%)

RURAL

62.18 MILLION

(64.08%)

17.

LABOUR FORCE

41.54 MILLION

URBAN

12.31 MILLION

(29.63%)

RURAL

29.23 MILLION

(70.37%)

18.

EMPLOYED LABOUR FORCE

38.29 MILLION

URBAN

13.58 MILLION

(35.47%)

RURAL

24.72 MILLION

(64.53%)

EMPLOYER LABOUR BY SECTOR

- AGRICULTURE

48.42%

- TRADE

13.50%

- FINANCE

15.02%

- TRANSPORT

5.03%

- MANUFACTURING & MINING

11.25%

- CONSTRUCTION

5.78%

- OTHERS

1.0%

19.

UN-EMPLOYED LABOUR FORCE

3.25 MILLION

URBAN

1.22 MILLION

RURAL

2.03 MILLION

20.

UN-EMPLOYED RATE %

7.82 PERCENT

URBAN

9.92 PERCENT

RURAL

6.94 PERCENT

21.

LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION

RATE %

28.97 PERCENT

URBAN

27.14 PERCENT

RURAL

29.82 PERCENT

22.

GNP (FC)

Rs.3,454,219 MILLION

GNP (MP)

Rs.3,752,512 MILLION

23.

G.D.P . (M P)

Rs.3,726,611 MILLION

G.D.P. (FC)

Rs.3,428,318 MILLION

24.

GROWTH RATE

- G.N.P

5.4 PERCENT

- G.D.P. (FC)

3.6 PERCENT

- AGRICULTURE

(-)1.4 PERCENT

- MANUFACTURING

4.4 PERCENT

- LARGE SCALE MANUFACUTIRNG

4.0 PERCENT

- S E RVI CE SECTO R

5.1 PERCENT

- TRANSPORT,
STORAGE AND COMMUNICATIONS

0.1 PERCENT

- ELECTRICITY AND GAS DISTRIBUTIONS.

(-) 2.8 PERCENT

- CONSTRUCTION SECTOR

0.9 PERCENT

- FINANCE & INSURANCE

3.8 PERCENT

25.

PER CAPITA INCOME (MP)

Rs.26,413 (US $ 412) GROWTH 7.68%

26.

INFLATION RATE

2.6 PERCENT

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX (CPI)

2.55 PERCENT

SENSITIVE PRICE INDICATOR (SPI)

2.91 PERCENT

WHOLESALE PRICE INDEX (WPI)

2.06 PERCENT

27.

SEA - PORTS

i) KARACHI

ii) PORT BIN QASIM

iii) GAWADAR (UNDER CONSTRUCTION)

iv) KETI BUNDER (UNDER PROCESS OF PLANNING)

28.

INTERNATIONAL AlRPORTS

i) KARACHI

ii) LAHORE

iii) ISLAMABAD

iv) PESHAWAR

v) QUETTA

29.

DRY- PORTS

i) LAHORE

ii) RAWALPINDI

iii) PESHAWAR

iv) FAISALABAD

v) MULTAN

vi) QUETTA

vii) SIALKOT

(Nos)

30.

FINANCIAL

(A) NATIONALIZED SCHEDULED BANKS

04

INSTITUTIONS

(B) DE-NATIONALIZED SCHEDULED BANKS

02

(C) PRIVATE SCHEDULE BANKS

14

(D) SPECIALIZED BANK

04

(E) INVESTMENT BANKS

14

(F) FOREIGN BANKS

19

(G) DEVELOPMENT FlNANCIAL INSTITUIONS

07

(H) DISCOUNT AND GUARANTEE HOUSES

06

(I) HOUSE FINANCE COMPANIES

04

(J) MICRO FINANCE BANKS

02

31.

CURRENCY IN CIRCULATION

RUPEES IN BILLIONS

434.00

32.

AREA UNDER IMPORTANT CROPS

CROPS

AREA(000) HECTARES

PRODUCTION
(000-TONNES)

WHEAT

7,983

18,475

RICE

2,114

3,882

SUGARCANE

1,000

48,042

COTTON (BALES)

3,116

10,613

MAIZE

938

1,665

TOBACCO

45.8

58.2

GRAM

922

406

OIL SEED (ACRES)

5,633

562

YIELD PER HECTARE OF MAJOR AGRICULTURE CROPS

(KG/HECTOR)

WHEAT

2,314

RICE

1,836

SUGARCANE

48,042

MAIZE

1,775

GRAM

440

COTTON

570

FERTILIZER OFF-TAKE

(000.N/TONNES)

2,196.40

IMPORT OF PESTICIDES

QUANTITY/
TONS

16,414.20

VALUE

MILLION Rs.

3,038,10

33.

LIVESTOCK POPULATION

LIVESTOCK

MILLION. NOs.

BUFFALOES

24.0

CATTLES

22.8

GOATS

50.9

SHEEP

24.4

POULTRY

330.0

CAMELS

0.8

HORSES

0.3

DONKEYS

3.9

34.

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS

000 TONNES

MILK

27,031.0

BEEF

1,034.0

MUTTON

683.0

POULTRY MEAT

355.0

WOOL

39.4

HAIR

19.3

BONES

339.4

FATS

126.5

EGGS (MILLION NOS.)

7,679.0

HIDES (Nos.)

7.9

SKINS (Nos.)

39.2

35.

EXTRACTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS.

MINERAL

UNIT

(JULY - MARCH)

COAL

MILLION TONNES

2.5

NATURAL GAS

000 M.CU.MTR.

19.5

CRUDE OIL

MTR. BARRELS.

17.2

MARBLE

000 TONNES

586.6

CHROMITE

000 TONNES

9.0

DOLOMITE

000 TONNES

211.8

GYPSUM

000 TONNES

472.0

LIME STONES

000 TONNES

7.3

MAGNESITE

000 TONES

1,549

ROCK SALT

000 TONNES

987.0

SULPHER

000 TONNES

13,649

BARYTE

000 TONNES

19.0

SALICA SAND

000 TONNES

103

IRON ORE

TONNES

8,025

36.

TRANSPORT NO. OF MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED

REGISTERED

MOTOR CARS, JEEPS & WAGONS

1,201,738

MOTOR CARS - TAXI

83,940

BUSES

158,694

TRUCKS

152,027

MOTOR CYCLE 2 WHEELER

2,346,056

MOTOR CYCLE 3 WHEELER

103,407

OTHERS

797,840

TRANSPORT NO. OF MOTOR VEHICLES ON ROAD

(000 Nos.)

MOTOR CARS

768.0

JEEPS

68.4

STATION WAGONS

86.6

TRACTORS

590.2

BUSES

94.1

TAXI CABS

74.4

RICKSHAWS

95.6

DELIVERY VANS

188.6

TRUCKS

162.0

OTHERS

90.6

RAIL

LOCOMOTIVE

Nos.

610

FREIGHT WAGON

Nos.

22,192

PASSENGER COACHES

2,040

RAILWAY ROUTE KM

7,791

RAILWAY STATIONS

Nos.

781

ROADS

TOTAL ROADS

KM

251,661

HIGH TYPE

KM

148,877

LOW TYPE

KM

102784

PAKISTAN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES

NO OF AIRCRAFTS

44

PIA NETWORK-

INTERNATIONAL STATIONS

33

DOMESTIC STATIONS

21

PRIVATE SECTOR AIRLINES

(I)  SHAHEEN AIRLINES

(II)  BHOJA AIR

(III) AERO ASIA

(IV) SAFE AIR INTERNATIONAL

PAKISTAN NATIONAL SHIPPING CORPORATION

NO. OF VESSELS

14

DEAD WEIGHT (TONS)

243,749

CARGO TRAFFIC

HANDLED (000. TONS)

20,057

37.

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS BY KIND AND LEVEL

PRIMARY SCHOOLS

Nos.

169,087

MIDDLE SCHOOLS

Nos.

19,180

HIGH SCHOOLS

Nos.

13,108

SECONDARY VOCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Nos.

498

ARTS & SCIENCE COLLEGE

Nos.

789

PROFESSIONAL COLLEGES

Nos.

308

UNIVERSITIES

Nos.

27

EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION AS OF PERCENTAGE OF GNP.

%

2.0

38.

HEALTH FACILITIES

HOSPITALS

Nos.

907

DISPENSERIES

Nos.

4,625

BASIC HEALTH UNITS & SUB HEALTH CENTRES -

Nos.

5,230

RURAL HEALTH CENTRES

Nos.

541

MATERNITY HOMES

Nos.

856

TB CENTRES

Nos.

272

BEDS

Nos.

97,945

DOCTORS (REGISTERED)

Nos.

96,248

DENTISTS (REGISTERED)

Nos.

4,622

LADY HEALTH VISITORS

Nos.

5,845

NURSES (REGISTERED)

Nos.

40,114

POPULATION PER HOSPITAL BED

Nos.

1,490

DOCTOR

Nos.

1,516

DENTIST

Nos.

31,579

NURSE

Nos.

3,639

NURSE PER HOSPITAL BED

Nos.

2.8

EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH AS % OF GNP

%

0.7

AVERAGE PER CAPITA, PER ANNUM NATIONAL EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH

Rs.

174.00

DAILY PER CAPITA FOOD CALORIES - PER DAY PROTEIN PER DAY

Nos.

2,306

PER CAPITA

Gram

67.00

39.

MANUFACTURING

COTTON YARN

1,348.5

(MLN KG.)

COTTON CLOTH

412.3

(MILLION Sq. mtr)

VEGETABLE GHEE AND

592.7

(000 TONNES)

COOKING OIL

91.7

(000 TONNES)

CIGARETTES

39.8

(Bls Nos)

JUTE GOODS

56.2

(000 TONNES)

NETROGENOUS FERTILIZER

1,733.6

(000 TONNES)

PHOSPATIC FERTILIZER

121.8

(000 TONNES)

UREA

3,154.7

(000 TONNES)

CEMENT

7,122

(000 TONNES)

SUGAR

2,724

(000 TONNES)

PIG IRON/HOT METAL

771.7

(000 TONNES)

BILLETS

275.6

(000 TONNES)

SODA ASH

157.9

(000 TONNES)

CASTIC SODA

112.9

(000 TONNES)

PAPER & PAPER BOARD

400.2

(000 TONNES)

FLAKES & DETERGENTS

59.5

(000 TONNES)

TOILET SOAP

55.5

(000 TONNES)

REFRIGERATORS

201.2

(000. NOs.)

AIRCONDITIONERS

1.2

(000. NOs.)

PRODUCTION OF MOTOR VEHICLES

TRUCKS

630

(Nos.)

BUSES

736

(Nos.)

L. C .Vs

5,537

(Nos.)

4X4 VEHICLES

318

(Nos.)

TRACTORS MOTOR

15,339

CYCLES/SCOOTERS.

94,104

(Nos.)

CARS & JEEPS

27,848

(000 Nos.)

40.

COTTON MILLS

TEXTILE
 MILLS

INSTALLED CAPACITY

WORKING CAPACITY

No: of Mills.

354

355

SPINDLES

000 Nos.

8,802

7,149

LOOMS

000 Nos.

10

4.4

ROTORS

000Nos.

145

63

WEAVING
SECTOR

INTEGRATED TEXTILE UNITS

10,134

4,500

INDEPENDENT WEAVING UNITS

17,500

16,500

POWERS LOOMS

225,258

190,000

TOTAL:

252,892

211,000

41.

POWER

The total power installed capacity from all the three sources, i.e. Hydel, Thermal and Nuclear is 18,062 MW.

INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY

- HYDEL

5,009 MW

- THERMAL

4,921 MW

- PRIVATE
 IPP

5,652 MW

- K.E.S.C.

2,018 MW

- KANUPP

462 MW

COMMERCIAL ENERGY SUPPLIES

- ELECTRICITY

(GWH)

54,274

- COAL

(METERIC TONNES)

2,328

- OiL

(000. BARRELS)

58,157

- GAS

(MCFT)

690,124

- PETROLEUM

(000. TONNES)

16,989

COMMERCIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

- ELECTRICITY

(GWH)

40,010

- COAL

(METERIC TONNES)

2,328.4

- GAS

(MCFT)

624,058

- PETROLEUM

(000. TONNES)

12,711,164

ENERGY CONSUMPTION BREAK UP

GAS (bln CFT)

OIL/
PETROLEUM
(000 TONNES)

HOUSE
HOLDS

119

274

INDUSTRY

270

1,243

AGRICUL
TURE

-

182

TRANSPORT (CNG)

-

5,736

POWER

231

4,804

OTHERS

-

472

TOTAL:

620

12,711

COAL PRODUCTION

ESTIMATED  COAL PRODUCTION

2,151,000 TONNES

PRODUCTION OF CRUDE OIL

CRUDE OIL EXTRACTION

64,361 US BARREL PER DAY17,230 MILLION US BARREL

NATURAL GAS

PRODUCTION
 OF NATURAL
 GAS

2,521

MILLION CUBIC FEET PER DAY

19.54

BILLION CUBIC METER

42.

POST &TELECOMMUNICATIONS

POST OFFICES (NOS)

12,234

TELEGRAPH OFFICES (NOS)

362

NO. OF TELEPHONES (000 NOS.)

4,280

PUBLIC CALL OFFICES (NOS)

71,771

NO. OF TV SETS (000 NOS.)

3,432

NO. OF INTERNET CONNECTION  mln. no.

1.7

43.

BALANCE OF PAYMENT-(JULY 2001 - MARCH 2002)

(U,S,$ MLN)

EXPORT (F.O.B)

US $ 6,628

IMPORTS (F.O.B)

US $ 6,914

TRADE BALANCE

(-)

US $ 286

44.

GROWTH RATE %

EXPORT (F.O.B)

5.21%

IMPORTS (F.O.B)

0.24%

TRADE DEFICIT

(-)

29.46%

45.

FISCAL INDICATORS

Rs. MILLION

TOTAL REVENUE

625,400

- TAX

486,000

- NON TAX

139,400

TOTAL EXPENDITURE

837,600

CURRENT EXPENDITURE

705,500

- DEFENCE

149,600

- INTEREST

272,710

- GEN. ADMIN

102,700

- OTHER

155,674

DEVELOPMENT EXPEN-
DITURE.

127,000

46.

INFLOW OF NET FOREIGN INVESTMENT

(U.S.$ MILLION)

DIRECT

US $ 287.4

PORTFOLIO

(-)

US $ 2.9

TOTAL

US $ 284.5

47.

INFLOW OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT
 BY ECONOMIC GROUP

(U.S.$ MILLION)

1. POWER

33.6

2. CHEMICAL PHARMACEUTICAL
 AND FERTILIZER

15.3

3. CONSTRUCTION

10.4

4. MINING & QUARRYING

134.6

5. FOOD, BEVERAGES & TOBACCO

6.4

6. TEXTILE

11.7

7. TRANSPORT & STORAGE

65.5

8. MACHINERY OTHER THAN ELECTRICAL

8.7

9. ELECTRONICS

15.2

11. FINANCIAL BUSINESS

(-)

4.3

13. PETRO-CHEMICAL & refining

2.6

15. CEMENT

0.4

16. OTHERS

32.5

TOTAL:

307.6

48.

INTEREST PAYMENTS AND DEBT

- DOMESTIC DEBT

1652.1 RS. BILN

- FOREIGN DEBT

1968.5 $ MILLION

- INTEREST

197.9 $ MILLION

- TOTAL

3818.5 $ MILLION

SOURCE: -PAKISTAN ECONOMIC SURVEY, 2001-2002-STATE BANK OF PAKISTAN REPORTS-BUREAU OF STATISTICS