HEALTH AND NUTRITION (2004-05)
Health is the basic need of the people.
Economic growth and prosperity depends on the health of the people. If the
people were not healthy they would become a liability on the economy as well as
society instead of contributing for the benefit of the country. Pakistan being a
developing country has to depend much on a healthy and skilled man power.
The present government has placed
health and education on top of the list of its priorities and has initiated many
health schemes such as malaria control program, expanded campaign for
immunization as preventive measures against deadly diseases especially among the
children. The health program initiated by the government includes national aids
control programme, T.B. control programme, women health project, cancer
treatment programme, drug control, besides the government is also trying to
provide good food and nutrition to the people. The other programmes include
micro deficiency control programs to control iodine deficiency disorder, control
of iron deficiency anemia, control of vitamin A deficiency, nutrition primary
health care (PHC) and Tawana Pakistan Project (School Nutrition Package for
According to the latest social
indicators life expectancy is 64 years, total fertility rate is 4.9 births per
woman, under-five mortality rate per 1000 live births is 103, infant mortality
rate per 1000 live births 81, proportion of 1 year old children immunized
against measles 61%, maternal mortality ratio per 1000,000 live births 500,
proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel 23%, prevalence rate
among 15-24 year old pregnant women 0.04%.
Malaria per 100,000 people prevalence
58 and death rate 4, Tuberculosis per 100,000 people prevalence 379 and death
rate 45, Tuberculosis cases under directly observed treatment short course (D.O.T.S)
detected 13% and cured 77%.
The Pakistan government has started
various projects in collaboration with United Nations Children Emergency Fund
(UNICEF), Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), UNODC, NGOs and governmental
institutes. Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) three strategies
relate to health. Aim of the program is to reduce poverty and disease from the
country. Government is also trying to increase the efficiency of traditional
birth attendants (TBAs), rural health centers (RHCs), basic health units (BHUs),
health manpower development and lady health workers (LHWs).
There is low expenditure in the health
sector as compared to the other counties due to the shortage of the funds. In
2004-05 the target under rural health programme achieved was 74% in new basic
health units (BHUs), 62% in new rural health centers (RHCs), 76% in upgradation
of existing RHCs, 60% in upgradation of existing BHUs, 80% beds in hospitals/RHCs/BHUs.
The target achieved in health manpower
stood at 95% in doctors, 80% in dentists, 74% in nurses, 80% in paramedics, 80%
in training of Traditional Birth Attendants and 100% in training of Lady Health
Workers. Government also keeps eye on preventive programmes in which it achieved
93% in Immunization (Million Nos) and 90% oral rehydration salt (ORS) (Million
The fact and figures of the health
sector show an improvement. This is the good sign for the people of Pakistan.
The Government is also increasing budget year by year to provide better food to
all. By doing this the government intends to achieve millennium development
goals and elevating the living standard of the people of Pakistan.