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Tomorrow 11 27 38 Sunny
Day after 11 28 38 Sunny
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Tomorrow 2 20 87 Sunny
Day after 2 21 87 Sunny
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Tomorrow 0 18 59 Sunny
Day after 0 21 59 Sunny
HUM%: Humidity In %
FOR.: Weather Forecast
updated: Fri - Sun 23-25 Dec, 2005

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KARACHI         - 021 LAHORE          - 042 ISLAMABAD    - 051 FAISALABAD   - 041 MULTAN          - 061 PESHAWAR    - 0521 CANADA          - 1 KUWAIT           - 965 INDIA               - 91 IRAN                - 98 U.K                   - 44 U.A.E                - 971 U.S.A                - 1

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  ECONOMY WATCH

By SYED ATIF ALI
Dec 12 - 18, 2005

HEALTH AND NUTRITION (2004-05)

Health is the basic need of the people. Economic growth and prosperity depends on the health of the people. If the people were not healthy they would become a liability on the economy as well as society instead of contributing for the benefit of the country. Pakistan being a developing country has to depend much on a healthy and skilled man power.

The present government has placed health and education on top of the list of its priorities and has initiated many health schemes such as malaria control program, expanded campaign for immunization as preventive measures against deadly diseases especially among the children. The health program initiated by the government includes national aids control programme, T.B. control programme, women health project, cancer treatment programme, drug control, besides the government is also trying to provide good food and nutrition to the people. The other programmes include micro deficiency control programs to control iodine deficiency disorder, control of iron deficiency anemia, control of vitamin A deficiency, nutrition primary health care (PHC) and Tawana Pakistan Project (School Nutrition Package for Girls).

According to the latest social indicators life expectancy is 64 years, total fertility rate is 4.9 births per woman, under-five mortality rate per 1000 live births is 103, infant mortality rate per 1000 live births 81, proportion of 1 year old children immunized against measles 61%, maternal mortality ratio per 1000,000 live births 500, proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel 23%, prevalence rate among 15-24 year old pregnant women 0.04%.

Malaria per 100,000 people prevalence 58 and death rate 4, Tuberculosis per 100,000 people prevalence 379 and death rate 45, Tuberculosis cases under directly observed treatment short course (D.O.T.S) detected 13% and cured 77%.

The Pakistan government has started various projects in collaboration with United Nations Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF), Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), UNODC, NGOs and governmental institutes. Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) three strategies relate to health. Aim of the program is to reduce poverty and disease from the country. Government is also trying to increase the efficiency of traditional birth attendants (TBAs), rural health centers (RHCs), basic health units (BHUs), health manpower development and lady health workers (LHWs).

There is low expenditure in the health sector as compared to the other counties due to the shortage of the funds. In 2004-05 the target under rural health programme achieved was 74% in new basic health units (BHUs), 62% in new rural health centers (RHCs), 76% in upgradation of existing RHCs, 60% in upgradation of existing BHUs, 80% beds in hospitals/RHCs/BHUs.

The target achieved in health manpower stood at 95% in doctors, 80% in dentists, 74% in nurses, 80% in paramedics, 80% in training of Traditional Birth Attendants and 100% in training of Lady Health Workers. Government also keeps eye on preventive programmes in which it achieved 93% in Immunization (Million Nos) and 90% oral rehydration salt (ORS) (Million Packets).

The fact and figures of the health sector show an improvement. This is the good sign for the people of Pakistan. The Government is also increasing budget year by year to provide better food to all. By doing this the government intends to achieve millennium development goals and elevating the living standard of the people of Pakistan.

TABLE: FOOD AVAILABILITY PER CAPITA

Items

Year/ Units

49-50

79-80

89-90

98-99

99-00

00-01

01-02

02-03*

03-04 (E)

04-05* (T)

Cereals

Kg

139.3

147.1

164.7

171.0

163.5

150.3

139..8

140.3

144.7

144.9

Pulses

Kg

13.9

6.3

5.4

6.8

7.2

7.1

7.0

5.8

8.0

7.1

Sugar

Kg

17.1

28.7

27.0

31.2

26.4

30.9

30.3

30.8

30.5

30.75

Milk

Ltr

107.0

94.8

107.6

148.0

148.8

149.6

150.8

151..9

155.7

155.6

Meat

Kg

9.8

13.7

17.3

18.2

18.7

18.8

18.6

18.6

18.8

18.2

Eggs

Dozen

0.2

1.2

2.1

5.1

5.1

5.2

4.5

4.5

4.6

4.6

Edible Oil

Ltr

2.3

6.3

10.3

12.3

11.1

11.4

11.6

11.9

11.5

11.7

Caloric & Protein Availability (Per Capita)

Calories per day (Number)

 

2078

2301

2534

2728

2625

2564

2457

2466

2529

2534

Protein per day (Gms)

 

62.8

61.5

65.47

71.85

70.00

67.6

64.1

64.3

65.3

65.8

E. Estimated
Source: Planning & Development Division

 
 

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