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  ECONOMY WATCH

Selected By AMANULLAH B ASHAR
Dec 05 - 11, 2005

POVERTY ALLEVIATION 2004-05 AND TARGETS

The world is facing the challenge of poverty. The economic growth of the countries helps the countries in achievement of their social economical goals. Most of the developing countries like Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asian countries made a significant progress in reducing poverty.

In developing countries a significant reduction in the share of the population in poverty has been recorded. it was recorded 28.3% in 1987, it reduced to 24% in 1998 based on $1/day and from 61% in 1987 to 56% in 1998 based on $2/day in Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Government of Pakistan made impressive strategies to control the poverty. Pakistan tries to reduce poverty by adopting poverty reduction strategies in 2001. Pakistan mainly focused on five areas 1) accelerating economic growth and maintaining macroeconomic stability; 2) investing in human capital; 3) augmenting targeted interventions; 4) expanding social safety nets and improving governance. The government steps towards economical targets show a significant progress in the poverty reduction. Government's supportive investment polices, spinning macroeconomic management and achievement of 8.4% real GDP rate. Polices help in reduction of poverty by increasing literacy rate, introducing housing policies, providing drinking water and electricity. Due to above strategies living standard of people in Pakistan has increased.

Comparing the living standard condition between the years 1981 and 2004-05, it indicates improvement in living standard of the people in Pakistan and reduction in poverty. Ownership of housing units increased from 78.4% in 1981 to 86.6% in 2004-05, increase in housing units with 5 & more rooms to 7.1 % in 2004-05 from 3.6% in 1981, increase in housing units with 2-4 rooms from 44.8% to 68.7% in 2004-05, increase in electricity 31.0% in 1981 to 83.9% in 2004-05, increase in gas from 6.0% to 29.5% in 2004-05 and reduction in housing units with one room from 51.5% in 1981 to 24.2% in 2004-05.

Comparison of selected social indicators also indicates the reduction in poverty by increasing living standard. Major source of drinking water in 98-99 was 26.0% it will increase to 39.0% in 2004-05. Population ever attended school increased from 50.0% in 1998-99 to 55.0% in 2004-05. Net enrolment at primary level (5 to 9 years) increases from 42.0% in 1998-99 to 52.0% in 2004-05. Net enrolment at middle level (10 to 12 years) increased from 16.0% in 1998-99 to 18.0% in 2004-05. Net enrolment at matric level (13 to 14 years) increased from 9.0% in 1998-99 to 11.0% in 2004-05. Literacy rate overall (Aged 10 years and older) from 45% in 1998-99 to 53% in 2004-05. Adult literacy (population 15 years and older) overall increased from 43% in 2000-01 to 50%i n 2004-05. Health sector also showed improvement. Immunization of children aged 12-23 months increased from 53% in 2000-01 to 77% in 2004-05. Treatment of diarrhea in children of 5 years and under-1 increased from 82.38% in 2000-01 to 90.87% in 2004-05. 2: (cases where ORS was given to child) overall increased from 53.56% in 2000-01 to 77.75% in 2004-05.

The entire above social-economic indicator shows a significant human development and Pakistan's commitment to reduce poverty. It completed its first poverty reduction strategy plan in December 2003 and achieved its targets. The medium term development framework 2005-10 (MTDF) carries this assurance forward in the reduction of poverty. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) show its impact on human development and sustainable development of the country. Secondly MTDF's strategies show balance growth of social economics and economical growth projected to rise to 8% by 2009-10.

There are so many non-profits organization working toward reduction of poverty. There aim is to reduce poverty from Pakistan. They work on non-profit and non-governmental basis. They are supporting the poverty reduction program. There are so many societies, organizations and NGOs working on provincial, district and zone level. United Nations also helping the organizations and running so many programmers to reduce the poverty rate. They are developing agricultural, industrial, SMEs, construction work and IT sector, playing a remarkable role in the reduction of poverty.

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is the program of United Nations for the reduction of poverty. Government of Pakistan has spending a big part of its budget to reduce poverty. The fact and figures show remarkable improvement in the reduction of poverty and Pakistan's economical situation help the government and NGOs to achieve its goal towards poverty reduction.

SOCIAL SECTOR AND POVERTY RELATED EXPENDITURES
 (RS BILLION)

 

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

 

ACTUAL

ACTUAL

ACTUAL

BUDGET

PROJECTED

Community Services

10.98

16.57

20.63

21.46

23.85

i. Roads, Highways & Buildings (SAP)

6.34

13.15

16.45

16.58

18.40

ii. Water Supply and Sanitation

4.64

3.42

4.18

4.88

5.45

Human Development

90.67

105.81

134.13

147.73

179.38

i. Education

66.29

78.61

97.96

102.38

126.15

ii. Health

19.21

22.37

26.58

36.08

43.01

iii. Population Planning

1.33

3.12

4.91

4.88

5.45

iv. Social Security & welfare

3.66

1.30

4.14

3.90

4.09

v. Natural Calamities

0.19

0.41

0.54

0.49

0.68

Rural Development

24.30

34.18

45.30

43.04

95.42

i. Irrigation

10.13

15.54

22.94

32.37

36.12

ii. Land Reclamation

1.84

1.76

2.00

2.44

2.73

iii. Rural Development

12.33

16.88

18.38

7.23

8.18

iv. Rural Electrification

   

1.98

1.00

48.39

Safety Nets

8.33

13.75

11.46

19.03

6.37

i. Food Subsidies

5.51

10.86

7.84

14.63

1.36

ii. Food Support Program

2.02

2.24

2.80

3.90

0.42

iii. Tawwana Pakistan

0.80

0.59

0.40

0.50

4.09

iv. Low Cost Housing

 

0.06

0.42

0.00

0.50

Governance

32.98

38.54

42.44

46.80

19.53

i. Administration of Justice

1.98

2.25

2.44

3.41

3.90

ii. Law and order

31.00

36.29

40.00

43.39

15.63

Total

167.25

208.84

253.96

278.06

324.55

 
 

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