has an agrarian economy. Despite a massive growth of the
manufacturing sector, agriculture remains the driving engine
of economy. Two of the sub-sectors of large-scale
manufacturing, i.e. textiles and sugar, are agro-based.
Agriculture contributes nearly 25% to the total GDP, employs
the largest percentage of workforce and remains the major
source of income for the rural population. One of the
serious threats faced is the pressure on the government for
the withdrawal of subsidies on agriculture. The other major
problems are declining availability of water, lack of modern
farming techniques and fragmentation of
All these factors have a direct bearing on yield, which is
also very low compared to other countries in the region.