Karachi to have about 50 small dams and retention
weirs in its suburbs within next five years. One of these small dams has
already been inaugurated by the City Nazim Niamatullah Khan while
development work for nine other small dams is in progress.
Construction of small dams around Karachi is an
attempt to reserve monsoon rain water which has been going waste since
inception of the country.
The first small dam has just completed this week in
the Eastern of Karachi located at Mubarak a village in Hawksbay Keamari
Town which is 180 feet long and 22 feet high.
World Bank and Asian Development Bank have provided
financial support of Rs. 122 million for initial projects of water
management projects around Karachi while local government has also been
urged to allocate amount for the same.
The City District Government Karachi (CDGK) has set
up a separate department in this connection under the title of 'Drought
Emergency Relief Assistance Program (DERAP). Under the leadership of a
District Officer Union Council Program. Sources said that local
authorities are in connection with the World Bank and Asian Development
Bank to get more grants for extra retention weirs and small dams. The
World Bank has already given signal to the local authorities that WB
would provide assistance to a proposals those provide relief to the
These are the most important and undisputed dams in
the area which would keep the only rain water of the locat lands. This
practice now attracting to nationalist political leaders who are
opposing big dams like Kalabagh dam. It is also learnt that NGOs are
also being persuaded to build retention weirs in interior Sindh and
other parts of the province. Elected representatives of the Sindh
assembly are also taking interest in the small projects of dams which
could be built within their affordable resources.
Younus Arain, the District Project Manager told PAGE
that construction of 10 small dams is in progress and 10 more similar
dams are planned. By next 18 months Karachi's suburban localities will
have 20 small dams. The locations for more dams are being searched by a
team so that planning work for future could be started. He said that the
best location we consider where rain water could be stored with minimum
efforts. He said that these projects would give new blood to suburban
localities and even within down town.
A process of selection of location for dams is also
one of the most important works which is still underway. The locations
are ideal where rain water could be brought or already comes without any
At present the above department has selected about 25
locations around Karachi city, that include Hawksbay Keamari, RCD
Highway, Boarder of Sindh-Balochistan, Lyari river, Gadap, National
Highway, Malir, Town etc.
Apart from new blood to different categories jobs
including agriculture and industrialization, there would be a great help
to a prolonged water shortage within Karachi city. Karachi is getting
water from two sources one from Hub Dam and other from Keenjhar Jheel
but the supply is too short for the city's demand. The Hub Dam is now
providing 10 million gallon water per day while supply from Dhabeji
fluctuates from 450 MGD to 600 MGD. 30 percent of the total supply to
Karachi is wasted daily due to dilapidated water distribution system.
Sources said that now citizens from the suburban
localities are putting pressure on CDGK, Sindh Government and Union
Councils to construct more dams in their areas so that entire rain water
could be utilized. One of the project managers said that within
jurisdiction of Karachi annual rain water is quite sufficient to meet
some important needs.
Another test in the suburban localities indicated
that suburban land is so capable to become fertile and within one year
or so agriculture activities would bring a revolution for farmers.
The DERAP has also prepared and submitted a proposal
for Part II DERAP project in which many water proving infrastructure
would be built around Karachi. In this project there are about 60
projects of water supply system apart from 10 more dams and 26 weirs.
Four more dams are under construction in Gadap town, these small dams
are being constructed by the local authorities. A retention weir on
Sukkan Nallah Dheh Dhando Karachi is being constructed with the cost of
Rs.19.854 million. The construction of another small dam is in progress
in Lyari Naddi at Murad Goth near Usman Tekry Village with the cost of
Rs.19.820. The work is taking final touches.
Experts said that trend of constructing small dams
and retention weirs has also gripped in the Punjab and NWFP provinces
where monsoon provide sufficient amount of water every year. The experts
said that in suburban localities of Karachi water could also be fed into
the land in case they get more than required water during monsoon