Cost of labour in Pakistan especially in the
industrial hub of Pakistan 'Karachi' and other big cities of Sindh and
Punjab provinces going to surge further as Government of Pakistan has
started deporting illegal immigrants entered into the Pakistan after
July 2000 and are employed in hundreds of industrial/commercial units
all over the country. However illegal immigrants who had obtained 'Work
Permits' from the National Aliens Registration Authority (NARA) before
July 2000 are eligible to stay, or they arrived before July 2000 but did
not get registered and failed obtain the 'Work Permits' are still
eligible to get register with NARA and obtain their work permit.
In the first phas, the authorities have scheduled to
arrest and deport some 800,000 labour class people mostly belonged to
Bangladesh, Burma and India. The second phase is being planned according
to a resolution of Sindh Assembly passed two months ago over some
explosive nature of reports of criminal activities of illegal immigrants
in Karachi and other parts of the country.
"Pakistan now will not accept any illegal
immigrant from any country," Director General National Aliens
Registration Authority (NARA) told PAGE.
The United States of America, Germany, United Arab
Emirate, West Indies, Zimbabwe, Turkey, Australia, Philippine, Thailand,
China and Venezuela are among those countries from where illegal
immigrants have entered into Pakistan through illegal routes and have
registered themselves as 'Aliens' with the National Aliens Registration
Authority (NARA) during last four years.
The NARA has registered as many as 79,029
Bangladeshis and 264,000 Burmese and thousands of other illegal
immigrants from 50 countries at its 30 offices all over the Pakistan
including its headquarter in Clifton area of Karachi. Mobile
registration offices were also worked during 2000 to 2001 in the
residential and commercial areas where majority of illegal immigrants
were residing. Apart from Karachi city, registration centers have been
set up in Quetta, Larkana, Hyderabad, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar and
Hub area since last year where illegal immigrants are being registered
with the fee of Rs. 250 for three years and Work Permits are being
issued for three years at the rate of Rs. 2,500. On the pointation of
local government, efforts are being made to set up more centers in other
parts of the country where illegal immigrants were found. Other
countries from where their citizens entered into the Pakistan and got
registered as illegal immigrants are; Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria,
Bangladesh, Benin, Burma, Burundi, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethopia, Gambia,
India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Malaysia,
Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Palestine, Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia,
Sierra Leon, Syria, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka,
Sudan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tunis, Uganda, Uzbekistan and Zaire.
On top of these countries Bangladesh, Burma and India
are the countries whose nationals arrived through illegal routes into
the Pakistan especially in Karachi for different nature of employments.
The flow of illegal immigrants increased after 2000 when Government of
Pakistan established NARA for the registration and issuance of Work
Permits, the illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, Burma and India started
arriving into Pakistan through legal routes including by air and by
train and started themselves registered with the NARA to get legal
rights of stay in Pakistan.
Government of Pakistan after noticing a record
registration of illegal immigrants with the NARA and an alarming
increase of unemployment for Pakistani youth, decided to stop the
registration and giving them permission of legal stay to those illegal
immigrants who had entered into the Pakistan after July 2000. Now the
law enforcing agencies have been ordered to arrest and deport the
illegal immigrants entered into Pakistan after July 2000. However,
registration facilities still rendered to those who had entered into the
country before July 2000. But the situation has become more sensitive as
illegal immigrants arrived even before 2002 have refused to register
themselves with NARA and have started demanding 'Pakistani Nationality'
a battle between illegal immigrants and government agencies like NARA
and local police took a dramatic turn when political parties especially
Imran Khan's Tehreek-e-Insaf started backing Bangladeshis for the
issuance of Computerized National Identity Cards (CNICs).
Garment factories and other small trades are feared
to be affected after the deportation of illegal immigrants following
which 'Cost of Labour' would increase.
Provincial Assembly of Sindh passed a resolution
recently which demands to stop registration of all illegal immigrants,
issuance of work permits and cancel the earlier registration and deport
all of them irrespective of entry period and country. The resolution was
presented before the house only hours before a resolution was ready to
be presented demanding Pakistani nationality for Bangladeshi illegal
immigrants. This resolution changed the whole situation because Sindh
province is the part of country which has highest number of illegal
immigrants on top of them stands Bangladeshis.
The Director General NARA and Director Intelligence
and Operation Mr. C. K. Chachar told PAGE, NARA has issued
written warnings to the industrialists, commercial and domestic
employers to get verified the registration of illegal immigrants before
employing them. The employers found guilty are liable for three years
imprisonment and ten years imprisonment to the illegal immigrants. But
employers were not responding according to their national interest not
cooperating with the government. Now arrests have been started and we
will start arresting employers too if they resist to the national cause.