The word mango (Mangifera indica L.) is the British
pronunciation of the Mankay, the Tamil word for the fruit, because it is
found in most abundance in Southern India, around Madras. The mango is
held in high esteem all over the world and is considered to be native of
Indo-Pakistan Sub-continent and eastern Asia. They are to be found in
nearly all over the tropical regions of the world, therefore known as
"The King" of all fruits.
Mango is cultivated around February/early March, when
the cold weather begins to subside and the danger of destruction through
frost disappears. It comes in market early in the May and remains in
market till August/September. There are more than 1,300 varieties of the
mango which are cultivated in the Indo-Pak Sub-continent. In Sindh,
there are more than 125 varieties of mango. As we get mangoes from
Balochistan and NWFP, but the main source are Sindh and Punjab. In
Pakistan, we get more than 10 lack tons production out of which Sindh
provides 50% i.e. more than 5 lack tons. Multan and Mirpurkhas are the
main regions, where we get mangoes in large quantity. The maximum
production we get from Rahim Yar Khan (Punjab), where mangoes are
cultivated in more than 26 thousand acres.
The main field of mango is obtained from District
Rahim Yar Khan, Bhong Sharif, Rahimabad, Jamaldin Wali, Sadiqabad,
Shaikh Wahan, Mianwali Qureshan Zahirpur, Bagho Bahar, Tirandah Mohammad
Panah of district Rahim Yar Khan are very famous for mango production.
Whereas, Hyderabad, Tandojam, Tando Allahyar, Tando Jan Muhammad, Digri,
Nawab Shah, Naushero Feroz, Kharipur Mirus, Ghotki, Bahawalpur, Shuja
Abad, Muzzaffar Garh, Koat Addu, Khanewal, Sahiwal, Vihari, Okara,
Faisalabad, Jhang, Toba Tek Singh and Sargodah are also very famous for
mango production. There are many varieties which are famous in Pakistan,
but some varieties which are very common are Sindhri, Langra, Chonsa,
Fajri, Samar Bahist, Anwar Ratole, Dasehri, Saroli, Tuta Pari Neelam,
Maldah, Collector, Bengan Phali, etc.
As mango is named as "King of the Fruits"
similarly Sindhri is said to be "The King of Mangoes", because
this variety is top in Pakistan. Sindhri is yellow in colour, and its
taste test is very sweet. Sindhri mangoes were first bring by father of
our late famous Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo from Bombay and then
cultivated at Sindhri and it was named by this father Din Muhammad
Junejo as "Sindhri".
Since 1996-97 Pakistan was on 4th position, but
according to Jang Midweek Magazine dated 12th July 2000. Pakistan is on
5th rank. India is still on the production of 12 million tons.
12 million ton.
2.1 million ton.
1.5 million ton.
1.25 million ton.
0.93 million ton.
0.91 million ton.
0.60 million ton.
0.23 million ton.
23.80 million ton.
Mango fruit is rich in vitamins, A, B and C and
contains water, protein, sugar fats, calcium, phosphorus, fiber and
iron. Managoes according to latest scientific research as well as of
folk wisdom are known to increase the body resistance against dysentry,
cholera and tuber-culosis. It is said "an apple a day keeps the
doctor away", this is equally to of the mango. According to our
local tradition raw mango seasoned with a pinch of salt quenches thirst
and loss of iron in the body, which occurs due to excessive sweating
during the sultry summer.
Although Pakistan produces 10 lacs per year, but in
export Pakistan is quite far behind with other countries. Up until the
1950s, mango cultivation was rather scanty and a lot of commodity used
to come from India, through travellers. However, in the beginning of
60s, some land lords brought strains from India and grafted then in
Pakistan. Over due course of time, Pakistan over took India in mango
cultivation and right now produces varieties which eater not only to the
domestic market, but overseas too. The chief market of Pakistan mangoes
is the Middle Eastern countries. Pakistan also exports these mangoes to
other countries, like Singapore, Norway, Germany, France, Japan and
However, since some years, unfortunately the export
of this fruit is facing an uptil struggle on account of tough
competition from other Asian countries mainly India Latin America
countries. Like Brazil having now also come into the field and Pakistan
near monopoly is now being challenged, there could be many reasons for
this showing down of exports. One of these reasons in the traditional
manner of crop production and half hearted efforts is research. We
should never forget that the buyers in the world market are not just
interested in prices. They also want good presentation. We have to
constantly watch for trends, choices and preferences of the buyers in
the world markets. Another things, the processing should be made with
the latest machines and packing should not only be fancy and eye
catching but durable. It should ensure that the fruit would not rot in
transit and that the quality would not diminish in the process.
According to the study conducted by International Trade Centre in
Geneva, Switzerland about 30% of the food export of all over developing
countries, one of which Pakistan is the one, perishes, before it reaches
to the foreign market. This is because of the defective packing
therefore, we have to improve it by all means to get more foreign
exchange from other countries by exporting them good quality of mangoes.