Attock Refinery Limited (ARL) The oldest oil refinery
operating in Rawalpindi has embarked upon an ambitious development
programme to improve expand and diversify its activities to meet the
The development plan is envisaged in two parts —
September 2004-08 and the long-term covering the next 10 years. The plan
includes laying of pipeline from Rawalpindi to Peshawar for the
transportation of crude oil and as 150 MW power plant for which the
source of fuel will be ARL produced low sulpher furnace oil. The
proposed pipeline will help to satisfy the growing needs for the white
oil supplies to the Peshawar region and reduce the potential hazards due
to transportation of petroleum products through bowsers. This will also
reduce congestion on the roads. The pipeline network is proposed to be
expanded in the second phase into a cross-country pipeline network. The
150 MW power plant will add to the profitability of the organization as
independent power producers (IPPs) have guarantees from government as
well as from WAPDA to buy its generalized power on the basis of its
declared capacity as well as generated units. In other words it is a
project, which has profit only, and chances of loss are very remote.
The Attock Refinery was established by the Attock Oil
Company (AOC) in 1922. It is the oldest refinery in the country. ARL was
incorporated as a private limited company in November 1978 to take over
the business of AOC relating to refining of crude oil and supplying of
refined petroleum products. ARL was converted into a public limited
company in June 1979 and is listed on the three stock exchanges of the
The Attock Refinery and ARL's head office are located
at Morgah, Rawalpindi. The current capacity is 35,000 barrels per day
(bpd). Two distillation unites have capacity of 20,000 bpd and 5,000 bpd
were installed in 1981 to replace to old plants. ARL completed an
expansion and upgradation project in 1999; a Heavy Crude Unit of 10,000
bpd and Catalytic Reformer of 5,000 bpd were installed at a total cost
of Rs. 2.4 billion. After installation of the Catalytic Reformer, 87 RON
premium gasolines is being directly produced from the refinery, without
blending with HOBC or MTBE thus making ARL the first refinery in the
country to achieve this landmark. The attock refinery has fully equipped
maintenance workshops, ISO certified Quality Control Laboratory and
other facilities. The company maintains its own township with
residential colony for staff and workers.
The Attock Refinery operated at 92.8 capacity during
the financial year ending 30th June 2003. A total of 11.100 million
barrels of crude oil was received from 52 different fields, which was
14% more than the receipts of the previous year. ARL continues to
maintain its plant and machinery in a reliable operable condition and
all the plant operational requirements were successfully handled in
ARL's management is committed to: (1)
adding refining capacity; (2)
environmentally friendly quality petroleum products (3)
clean, pollution free production practices; and (4)
With the above successful completion of the refinery
upgradation project, ARL has embarked on ambitious future plans keeping
in view the objectives outlined above. Apart from the two projects
mentioned above, the perspective plan includes the following projects.
PRODUCTION OF UNLEADED GASOLINE (PREFLASH + REFORMER)
ARL intends to install a of Pre-flash Unit 12,400 bpd
to enhance ARL's existing distillation capacity of 37,500 bpd to 50,00
bpd. ARL has included up gradation of existing units instrumentation to
Distributed Control System for better and effective control. This will
ensure optimization of energy usage and control of emission from the
furnaces and heaters. ARL is now planning to install a new reformer to
meet the future environmental requirement of benzence and aromatics and
improve the RON of the product also.
With the increase in crude processing capacity, light
straight run naphtha (LSRN) availability will also increase. In order to
further improve the octane pool and reduce benzene aromatics of the
gasoline product, an Ismoerization Unit is planned to upgrade the LSRN
to higher octane.
SOLAR PV ARRAY-1 (1 MW)
In this era of energy crisis and environment
conscious, every one is very well aware of the importance and necessity
of renewable energy sources. It has become also important when
conventional energy sources are being fastly depleted. Among all
renewable energy sources the solar energy that is in abundance,
pollution free, widely distributed, freely available, and covering wide
range of applications is becoming the most popular.
The environmental benefits of use of solar energy are
well known. By replacing fossil fuel energy from burning coal or gas
with solar energy can reduce the amount of greenhouse gases.
Attock Refunery Limited has taken initiative step in
the field of solar thermal energy and intends to expand its interest in
the field for power generation.
BENZENE/TOLUENE/XYLENE (BTX) UNIT (3,000 BPD)
Naphtha make will be increased in future after
installation of new distillation unit. To dispose of the surplus naphtha
a BTX unit will be installed to produce high value Benzene, Toluene and
Xylene. This will include a separation unit followed by Hydrotreater
unit and Reformer complex.
FEEDERS WEB PIPELINE
Additional pipeline connections/distribution for
different areas on the Machike-Peshawar pipeline will be required.
PORT FACILITIES (4.5 MILLION TONS PER YEAR)
In order to ensure continuous supplies of crude
feedstock to the refinery, ARL must also have the option of importing
crude available to satisfy its enhanced capacity, which would exceed
local crude availability. For this, ARL is planning port facilities at
Karachi Port. The facilities would include:
Storage tanks for crude oil; pipelines/pumps/valves;
Intrinsically safe communication system; Drains and waste containment
systems; and additive blending facilities and loading facilities.
NAPHTHA CRACKER (80,000 TPA)
There is a need to reduce the naphtha glut facing the
country. Cracking of Naphtha to produce petrochemicals (aromatic and
olefins), which are extensively used as feed in downstream industries
such as plastics, detergents, rubber, paints etc. is planned. This will
be value addition to Naphtha and will vitalize the downstream
New state of the art plant design will ensure energy
efficient and environment friendly plants.
A LUBE REFINERY (40,000 TPA)
As the capacity of the refinery increases, the
availability of lube oil feed stocks will increase. These must be
improved or reconstituted by selective processes. The primary unit
processes anticipated include:
Carbon reduction solvent Deasphalting; Viscosity
Indexprovement by solvent extraction or hydrocracking; and Lower cloud
and pour points by solvent Dexaxing and selective hydrocracking.
To reduce the Furnace fuel oil make from the refinery
a major upgradation of bottom of the barrel is required. Delayed coking
is a thermal cracking process by which residue feed is upgraded to
lighter more valuable components while producing coke at bottom. Delayed
coker can also be installed in combination with Vacuum Gas Oil
REFINING UNIT 50 AND TANKAGE
Major Capacity enhancement is planned with 50,000 bpd
crude distillation unit. A continuous catalytic reformer will be
required to meet gasoline specifications.
ARL is already operating a Captive Power Plant to
ensure smooth supply of power to the processing units. Power outages
play havoc on the plant equipment and also result in unnecessary
flaring, gaseous emissions and other environmental problems.
As part of it energy saving initiative, and to
minimize dependence on the national grid (at the same reducing its
load), ARL plans to implement cogeneration schemes to generate
approximately 5 MW of electricity for use by the refinery.
MODERN EXPORT REFINERY COMPLEX (400,000 BPD)
ARL plans to install an integrated export-oriented
refinery complex on the coastal region of Pakistan. The Refinery complex
will be built on the latest process technologies ensuring production of
environmental-friendly fuels that can compete in international markets.
PRIVATE EXPORT PROMOTION ZONE
Development of an Export Promotion Zone is planned.
This will be made on the `most modern lines based on strict
environmental controls to meet export requirement.
PETROCHEMICAL COMPLEX-I (200,000 TPA)
With availability of naphtha in the country and with
Modern Refinery Complex with feed streams for Petrochemical production,
an integrated Petrochemical Complex within the refinery is planned. The
country is presently importing petrochemicals.
Further expansion and diversification in the
petrochemical market is targeted.