Security risk growing with economic development


Aug 16 - 22, 2004





Security and prosperity generally move together, the poor hardly need any security, as they have nothing to lose.

Like elsewhere in the developing economies, the security business is being developed simultaneously with the economic and financial growth in Pakistan obviously due to growing security risk.

The security risks have grown to a level that the entire corporate sector whether in public or private has to allocate a handsome amount annually for security arrangements. The growing demand for security arrangement has created a new business of providing security for which highly scientific and sensitive equipments are being used to ensure a foolproof security system to the clients.

The security business is more confined merely to hiring services of the security guards; it is now the system, which serves the security purpose more effectively as compared to the manual system in the early days. It requires at least 10 different experts in one security set up that include, computer software, metal detector, explosive, audio, video, invisible threats, intelligence, security proof identity cards, executive movement and above all security planner experts. The time has come when police take help from some top ranking security companies' expertise in some cases, as police does not have many latest technology facilities that some private security companies have.

In Pakistan now there is no any foreign mission office and residence, local and foreign bank branch, national and multinational company, Industrial and commercial units which does not have a private security set up. Even residential apartment complexes have started hiring professional private security companies for security.

"How can the police protect every installation and business office as every office every company and even executive has different invisible security threat" said Brig. (R) Rashid Ali Malik Chief Executive of Security 2000 and former chief of Airport Security Force who guarded all the airports of the country for more than six years. He said that "We don't provide security guards to every one, but we conduct a 48 to 78-hour long physical survey of the premises before drawing a comprehensive security plan, the survey include nature of business, movements of employees and executives, location of premises, nature of province and city and above all invisible security threats which is the major and only security threat to every individual executive and organization," Brig Rashid said.



A five star hotel security plan is different from an industrial unit, a foreign mission office security plan is different from a newspaper office and even every branch of bank has different security plan due to its different "invisible security threats". Brig Rashid said that detecting invisible security threat is the master key of the whole protection plan. The threat that we see is not as dangerous as the threat which we cant't see or don't want to see. For this we have different sections like; employees screening, executive protection, crisis management, event security, logistic security, intellectual property protection, risk assessment management, confidential inquiries, intelligence service etc.

He said that in some examples we refused to provide security network to a huge organization until some employees were not sacked immediately, we got them sacked and resumed our services. We provide periodical and some time urgent confidential report to the chief executive and relevant department.

Past data of unpleasant incidents and accidents are more important before we chalk out a security plan. A security consultancy is now a must for any organization Brig. Rashid said.

Security 2000 have planned comprehensive security plans for flowing organizations, each organization has completely different security plan even if some of them have same business nature like banks, they are; Reckitt Benckiser, Pakistan State Oil, Standard Chartered Bank, World Bank, UNHCR, First Woman Bank, MCB, Habib Bank Limited, United Bank, Pepsi Co, Procter and Gamble of Pakistan, ABN AMRO Bank, Unilever Pakistan, Engro Chemicals, ICI Pakistan, OSRAM Pakistan, Pak Tobacco, Merck Pakistan, J Walter Thomson, GE Pakistan, KNOLL, APL, Philips Pakistan, Hughes, Novartis, Roche Pakistan, CNN, Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan, MSD, 3M, Dupont, Pfizer Pakistan, ADT, Gillette Pakistan, Thai Airways, CGNU, GSK, Indus Vision, Toyota, Pak Oman, Saudi Pak and many others. New technologies are being inducted into private security business, like close circuit cameras, vehicle screening machines, luggage screening machines, vehicle trackers, executive movements trackers, metal detectors, explosive detectors etc. The explosive detectors machines cost range from Rs 1.0 million to Rs 10 million each unit.

The modern security system in Pakistan now has gone to such level that relying on human being is gradually being reduced and replaced with hi-tech technologies.

There are only three to four private companies operating with latest technologies and others are doing roaring business with just providing security guards who even do not handle the weapons. The numbers of private security guards have gone more than double than police in entire country. Police have withdrawn responsibilities from banks business centers, industrial units since last five years.

However, 90% private security companies are operating without proper arrangements and training to its guards. The provincial home department grants the permission to any private security agency in accordance with the company laws enforced in 1984 and private security company ordinance was enforced in 1988, which has large details of rules and regulations, but only few of them are in practice.