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PROFILE

PARO QURESHI

COLUMN FOR THE RECORD
SOCIETY 1- EQUAL EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES
2-
NEW EMERGING FIELD OF MULTIMEDIA
3-
POVERTY REDUCTION THROUGH EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION

 

POVERTY REDUCTION THROUGH EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION

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Industries and factories are to be set up in remote and far flung areas with zero tax access ability for uplift of the areas and secondly providing jobs to the employed lots

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By Dr. M.H. CHAUDHRY

Sep 29 - Oct 05, 2003 
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Many economists, in and abroad, have termed the decade of the 1990's as a lost decade. But every fall has a rise and we see that the present government has paid much attention for the uplift of the common people, in rural as well as in urban sector. From the beginning todate it has been in the mind of the elite that without progress and achievement of common masses we as a whole in or out of government sector cannot achieve progress and cannot be counted in comity of the developed nations. We see that numerous nations in the Asian region and overall in the globe have made progress, but we also see that our's nation have moved from one crisis to another largely of our own making.

But nevertheless the government analyzed the factors that had led to the incidence of poverty as we said above, in the l990's and devised a strategy for immediate intervention to reverse this trend. After a thorough consultative process the government formulated an integrated, comprehensive and holistic poverty reduction strategy in the form of Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper in November, 2001 building upon existing efforts and providing new initiative. This strategy identifies the extent, nature and profile of current poverty in Pakistan and government's response to reduce it if cannot totally irradiate it. The programme sets out priority action policies and sectoral forms needed to alleviate poverty. The programme in hand encompasses a four pronged attack on poverty vis-a-vis (i) Increased economic opportunities for the poor (ii) Their empowerment (iii) Access to physical and social assets (iv) Access to welfare and support through appropriate social safety nets. The instruments to achieve this are (a) Economic Reforms (b) Physical Asset creation for the poor (c) Social Asset creation for the poor (d) Social safety net mechanism and (v) Good governance.

Achieving poverty reduction programme objectives require a monitoring and evaluation system that regularly measures its implication and import. Transparency in the government's only poverty operations not only encourages greater public scrutiny of existing programmes thereby leading to optimum outcomes. For this purpose, the government has institutionalized a mechanism for the budgetary expenditure. In addition a comprehensive set of indicators has been developed to explore the efficiency of poverty reduction expenditures and initiatives. To augment and supplement government's efforts in this sphere but separately the UNDP and ILO have launched the creation of capacity of Planning Division, at Federal level for poverty reduction through employment promotion and better distribution of Income Project on 22nd November, 2002. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and International Labour Organization (ILO) has been launched at a well gathered process conference which was jointly addressed by Secretary Planning Division Mutawakkal Qazi and UNDP resident representative. The Secretary of Planning Division said that the project would provide an effective strategy for employment generation and poverty reduction in the country whether it may be rural or urban areas. The project would assist the Government in analyzing the progress of poverty reduction strategy paper (PRSP) in context of the employment generation and human development.

 

 

The project will be funded by ILO and UNDP contribution financially in certain components, would ultimately provide institutional support to Pakistan by building capacity of the Planning Division as Center for Research on poverty reduction and income distribution to director employment, wages and labour market developments more effectively.

Analysists are of the opinion that the project would identify major causes of gender discrimination in the labour market and would also formulate policy measures for reducing youth unemployment especially the educated un-employment in the country. There is a proposal of establishment of a Data Bank under the project, to record research and analyze information ;on employment and wage trend prevailing in Pakistan on a regular basis.

The ILO Country Director Mr. Onder Yucer said that the employment generation is critical for development of nation. The aim of the project in hand is to promote qualitative growth in employment and better distribution of income in Pakistan. The UNDP director on the occasion of launching of the project said that a distinctive feature of the project is to identify and propose specific policy measures for creating increased employment opening for the female labour force. He further said that the creation of decent job and employment must become an amoral objective of national and international development policies for poverty reduction in the under developing states like that of Pakistan. It is observed that the project would provide a good in-sight into the various forms and manifestation of poverty and social deprivation. To sum up it can be easily opined that the programmes like we have discussed should be initiated both in public and private sector to cope with the situation and to reduce the un-employment level in the country, Internally there seems to be no dearth of haves in Pakistan who should come forward to help government to reduce unemployment ratio. Industries and factories are to be set up in remote and far flung areas with zero tax access ability for uplift of the areas and secondly providing jobs to the employed lots.