rise and fall in the value of the real estate is always associated
with the overall growth of the economies. These conditions are taken
as the indicators of the general state of the economy. If it is taken
as a true, one can say without any fear of contradiction that the
economic growth is shooting up in the newly conceived port city of
Gwadar in Balochistan. Despite an embargo on transfer, registration of
land, there is a mad rush for acquiring land as every second visitor
coming to Gwadar has an ambition to have land in the future port city.
Taking advantage of the situation, even the employees engaged with
various organizations have become land brokers offering land to every
the situation, the provincial government has announced that an
Ordinance regarding establishment of Gwadar Development Authority (GDA)
would be announced in a week's time.
fact, the international publicity and overall development of Gwadar
which, includes a deep sea port, free trade zones, export processing
zone and industrial zones, fish harbor and a network for rail, road
and air communication, has proved a windfall for the land holders in
far neglected, the vast strips of barren lands are now being sold like
hot cakes at the asking price. This trend has changed the fate of the
land holders as the price of land has jumped from thousands of rupees
into millions of rupees overnight. Some builders and developers from
Karachi have also announced some housing and commercial projections in
collaboration with some local investors. The experts, however, are of
the view that the current rush for sale and purchase of land is not a
genuine indicator for investment in that port city. Actually, it is a
"Satta" business which usually take place before the arrival
of the real development.
the provincial government has put an embargo on the sale and purchase
of the land and there is transfer of registry being taking place, yet
the acquisition of land on back dated papers is still going on.
According to Jam Yousuf, Chief Minister Balochistan, the embargo on
sale/purchase of the land has been imposed in the interest of genuine
people of trade and industry and to discourage the land brokers. The
draft bill for establishment of Gwadar
Development Authority (GDA) has already been prepared and an Ordinance
in this respect would be issued with a couple of days.
most of the land in Gwadar is in the lands of private owners,
immediate land acquisition is started in order to carryout land
development for residential, industrial and other uses without
encountering delays due to legal process. To ensure land development
and urban growth programs beyond 2010, the total or major of the area
required for the period 2010-2050 should be acquired to carry out
Urban growth could be channelized in the desired direction through
land development and sale by public agencies.
2. Land is available for
development when required in areas and locations needed to be
3. Action which would
forestall the implementation of the urban growth and cause
bottlenecks, would be preempted, and
4. Collateral would be
available against which finances could be raised from commercial
sources for the land development projects/ programs.
MAN WHO MARKETED GWADAR
army can withstand the strength of an idea whose time has come. It
proves true in case of the idea originally floated by Sheikh Javaid
for development of a port city at Gwadar in early 80s. Today that idea
has been transformed into a reality and a port city of international
economic significance is coming up on the surface in Gwadar.
Javiad, Chairman of Gawadar Investors Council (GIC) is actually the
man who marketed Gwadar both at home and abroad.
Through his untiring efforts over the years he seems to have
succeeded in selling his idea for the development of Gwadar as a deep
sea port. Irrespective to the fact whether he received due recognition
for his efforts from his contemporary businessmen or the government
circles, the fact remains that his
dream appears to be very close to the reality.
a part of his struggle, Sheikh Javaid visited Macedonia to present his
paper on Gwadar before the World Free Zone Convention. His
presentation on Gwadar, at Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, and part of
former state of Yugoslavia was widely covered by International media.
He invariably succeeded in attracting the attention of the
international investors at that international forum. Construction of a
new port and arouse the interest of the investors both at home and
from abroad is of course an uphill task. The present government
certainly deserves all marks for bringing the idea of a third deep sea
port to the reality and hopefully, the entire nation would be enjoy
the far reaching economic results of this unique project in this
Gen Pervez Musharraf during his recent visit to the US and the EU has
rightly described Gwadar to play a pivotal role of a transit port in
the region especially for the Central Asian Republics.
Javaid, who is also the Chairman, FPCCI's standing committee on Export
Processing Zones, is of the opinion that in order to harvest a rich
crop of the available potentials, priority should be given to the
Coastal areas of Mekran for setting up of Free Zones at Gwadar as well
as Ormara on the Coast of Mekran.
projection of Gwadar and its deep water port by Javaid at
international fora and within country has resulted in a mad rush of
local and foreign investors who are desperately looking for a suitable
land for their respective projects at Gwadar.
growing interest of the investors in Gwadar is reflected in the
unprecedented increase in air traffic to Gwadar. There is a tremendous
growth in the rate of sea occupancy for Gwadar flights reflected in
the long queues of waiting passengers for Gwadar. Today, to have a
confirm seat for Gwadar, one has to wait at least for a week.
According to informed sources, so far over 25 foreign missions have
shown their interest to acquire land for setting up of their
consulates in future port city.
however, gives a bad taste to the visitors when the PIA officials fail
to comply with the confirm seats to the returning passengers from
Gwadar. They have simple reason for non-compliance of the confirm
seats that they are still working manually in the absence of
automation at their end. It is surprising that why PIA cannot set up
computerized booking system at the other end of Gwadar to avoid
uncalled for hardships for the passengers. Such irritants should be
nib in the bud which helps creating a bad image of the facilities in
the mind of the visiting investors.
Javaid feels that if every thing goes well according to plans, Gwadar
will emerge as one of the most important trading hubs of the region in
not a distant time. Gwadar promises a prosperous Balochistan as well
as the whole country. The new port city has the capacity to cater to
the requirement of the stakeholders in the region. Gwadar can play a
vital role as a bridge between land-locked Central Asian States and
Far and South Asia. An alliance in this direction could create an
environment conducive to achieving socio-economic understanding among
ideas must work through the brains and the arms of good and brave men,
or they are no better than dreams.
is going to be the land of opportunities provided it was safeguarded
from the hands of opportunists. The elements of vested interests are
always out to grab opportunities for personal gains. The failure of
highly rich projects like KEPZ and Gadoon Amazi at the hands of
inefficient and incapable people is the glaring examples. In order to
avoid repeat of that story genuine people like Sheikh Javaid with
clean hands and having relevant past experience to their credit should
be invested responsibilities in different development authorities,
committees and the task force etc.
government of Pakistan had initiated the construction of country's
third deep sea port with financial and technical assistance of China
on March 23, 2002. The development process of the project is going on
according to schedule. The completion of the project will not only
give stimulus to the development activities in Gwadar town itself but
with the completion of another ongoing project of Mekran Coastal
Highway, act as further catalyst for development of the entire Mekran
Coastal area of Balochistan.
existing Gwadar town is confined to the area of around 500-hectares
near the newly established Fish Harbor on a narrow strip between the
East and West Bays. The existing land use pattern shows a mixed land
use of pre-industrial era. Geographically, it has unique features
comprising of a rocky outcrop in the south known as headland joined to
the mainland towards north by a narrow sandspit (neck) which is 800m
in width at the maximum point. The existing town is located on this
to the 1998 population Census, the population with the municipal
limits was 43,850 in 7,550 dwelling units. The corresponding
population figures in 1981 Census was 17,000. The average annual
growth rate of population in 1981-1998 Census is 5.89 per cent and
average household size in 1998 was 6 persons.
main developments that have taken place latterly are:
new township Housing Scheme initiated in 1986.
•The Sangar Housing Scheme on the headland initiated in 1992 by the
•Gwadar Fish Harbor/ Mini port completed in 1992.
Kaur Dam for augmenting water supply to town and adjacent villages,
completed in 1993.
Studies and Design work for the Gwadar Deep Sea Port were carried out
in the early nineties but due to financial constraints no headway was
made for actually initiating work on site. Based on the revised PC-1
approved in June 2001, the construction work is in progress since
March 2002. Phase 1 involves construction of three mumlti-purpose
berths (600 meter long, 200 meter each) to accommodate ships up to
of the project involves construction of two container berths, bulk
cargo terminal, grain terminal, roll on/roll off terminal, two oil
piers and future expansion of two berths.
of Free Zones, General industrial areas, oil, gas and petrochemical
development and new residential areas are the part of the master plan.
potential area of development of Gwadar is the tourism sector. There
is great opportunity to develop tourism sector in Gwadar due to its
nearness to the Gulf, availability of large open spaces, beautiful
pristine beaches, abundant sea life, liberal forward looking
population etc. It is ideally placed to develop the tourism
infrastructure, superstructure and entertainment. Besides providing
recreation facilities to the local population, exclusive
self-sustaining tourism resort had been proposed for foreign tourists
on the West Bay including a marina. In view of inadequate health,
education and sports facilities, new facilities have been proposed
based on national standards on the population, space requirement
present, the local road network is limited. There is no public
transport system and motor vehicular traffic comprises of motor
cycles, pickups, vans, taxis. The movement of jeeps/pickups to and
from Iran loaded with goods for two ways trade is quite frequent.
inter city bus service is also operational with air-conditioned bus
service to Karachi and other towns in Balochistan. To bring Gwadar
into national mainstream, 653 km long Mekran Coastal Highway is in
advanced stage of implementation. It will link Gwadar with Pasni,
Ormara and Karachi. Another regional linkage is the Gwadar Ratto-Dero
motorway linking it with Indus Highway through Turbat, Awaran and
Khuzdar. A rail link is also planned to connect Gwadar to Quetta and
Zahidan through Quetta-Taftan-Zahidan section. Also in this context
the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is also upgrading the existing
runway from 5000 feet to 15000 feet for operation of wide bodied
aircraft. The present short runway is suitable only for Fokker planes.
The PTCL nationwide direct dialing system includes facilities of a
digital telephone exchange and Internet facility at the under
developing port city.
development of an integrated transport system will be an essential
element of the development of Gwadar. A transport hierarchy provides a
physical structure to the urban area and has a significant impact on
land use patterns.
order to meet this important target, the Asian Development Bank (ADB)
has already offered a package of $300 million for construction of
regional linkages like Mekran Coastal Highway, Gwadar-Ratto Dero
Motorway, future rail and road links to Central Asian States and rest
the power sector, a small thermal power station is already operational
at Gwadar which is meeting the present demand of 4 MW. In anticipation
of future load requirement a grid station is under construction and
132 kV transmission line from Pasni/Turbat is being extended to Gwadar
to meet the future demand for electricity. In the short run, a new
power station is also being planned for local demand. Eventually,
Gwadar will be linked to the national grid as soon as the demand grows
for power consumption.
load requirements have been worked out on the basis of population
growth average till the year 2050 as under:
2010 — 14 Megawatt (MW)
Year 2030 — 74 MW
Year 2050 — 370 MW
projected estimated are however most likely to be revised in near
future as the demand for power consumption should be estimated on the
basis of the economic growth of the planned city. The trade and
business community sees that the new port city has tremendous
potential of economic growth which may disprove all estimates for
development of infrastructure network especially the preliminary power
Gwadar used to face acute shortage of drinking water till 1993 when
Akra Kaur Dam was constructed. The estimated design water storage
capacity of dam was about 12.4 Million Cubic Meters (MCM) whereas
present supply is 1.3 MGD. Out of these 700,000 gallons of treated
water is being supplied to Gwadar town. Public Health Engineering
Department, government of Balochistan is responsible for providing and
maintaining, transmission and distribution system. They maintain a
well equipped laboratory at dam site in order to ensure water quality
order to cater to the future demand projections, based on short term
(up to year 2010) medium term (up to year 2030) and long term up to
year 2050, both for potable as well as raw water have been made. These
are 13.86 MGD, 30.08 MGD and 108.39 MGD of potable quality and 16.37,
and 31.87 MGD of raw water respectively. As such public Health
Engineering Department has requested water apportionment of 23 MGD
from main conduit of proposed Mirani Dam. Besides construction of dams
on Basol, Sawar Kaur, Belar and Talar dams have also been proposed to
meet future demand for water. While decision for construction of
Mirani Dam has already been taken, studies have to be initiated for
feasibility and detailed studies of the above alternative water
sources. Desalination is another option for water which should
considered later on. The major constraint in this option is cost of
desalination, which presently may not be compatible with the
conventional water sources. This technology of sea water desalination
has, however, advanced latterly and its cost has also decreased
drastically. Various processes for treatment of sea water such as
desalination, solar distillation, distillation as well as reverse
osmosis are available; the detailed modalities of its selection will
be dealt with as and when required.
as Gwadar is being developed as a deep sea port having various zones,
desalination can be an option for industrial users as they may be able
to bear its cost.
order to chalk out future strategies to growth, the understanding of
the existing situation and physical setting is highly important. The
built and the natural environment are strongly linked and the
relationship between the two requires careful consideration. The
landscape of Gwadar displays the characteristics of semi-arid dry
plain and low hills. In this context the headland and Koh-e-Mehdi
provide a combination of impressive landscape. The climate conditions
are typical of those found on the Mekran Coastal plain. Hot and humid
conditions prevail for most of the year.
of Gwadar Region can be classified as semi arid coastal environment.
The coastal area is known to be an important breeding ground for
turtles. The ecology of East Bay will be more directly affected by the
port development which requires action to conserve habitats along the
West Bay. Hence, minimum coastal protection zone of 500 meters may
help to provide a good level of protection.
master plan has been developed to provide a structure to enable the
integrated development of the port and town.
overall form of the urban area is constrained by the land available on
the sandspit and the headland. These areas have limited opportunities
for development in comparison with the mainland. The master plan
builds on existing land allocations and the trend for new development
to be located to the north of the town towards the airport. However,
through the identification of development modules, the master plan
attempts to prevent uncontrolled urban sprawl and to provide a clear
allocation of land to appropriate locations.
land has been provided on the principal transport corridors like
Mekran coastal Highway, the proposed northern route. These areas are
towards the north east part of the town ensuring they do not pollute
the urban environment through smoke and effluent. In this context land
has been earmarked for EPZ near the airport adjacent to the primary
roads. For specialized oil, gas and petrochemical related industries
adequate area has been set aside near Sur in the north east portion of
the future development. The local boat building industry is
consolidated at the present location near the old town on the West
far as the existing old town is concerned, the consultants are of the
considered view that its entire resettlement may be highly unpopular
amongst the residents and will entail a huge cost of around Rs7.4
billion as per an initial estimate. It is suggested that a gradual
shifting as and when the land is needed for port operations should be
having vast lands with huge natural resources, Balochistan is the
least developed province of Pakistan as compared to other provinces of
the country. Over 80 per cent of the area rich in mineral resources
said to be under force majeure due to traditional tribal system.
Consequently, the living standard of the masses is not at par with the
rest of the country. Generally speaking, people who hail from Mekran
coastal areas are happy with the development of Gwadar as a deep sea
port and are attaching high hopes for economic prosperity for the
local people. They are also of the view that economic independence for
the people will bring a new culture in Balochistan which may bring a
revolution in health, education, social and economic standards for the
poverty ridden masses of that province.