The large scale disparity and injustices in
distribution of resources reflected in the fact that around 77 per cent
of the world population have been deprived of a better economic,
financial and social life around the world.
The living standard of a vast majority of the people
in Pakistan is far behind the desired level due to various corners still
persist in the political, economic, administrative and social governance
of the country. However, it gives a sense of satisfaction that though at
a snail's pace, yet the country is moving on the right track as far as
human development was concerned. One should not give up the hope that
the sufferings of the mankind on account of various ugly forms of the
human sufferings such as illiteracy, disease, poverty and bad governance
such as Zamindari or Sardari systems, atrocities of the police and
bureaucracy would be gradually vanish from the social scene in Pakistan
The latest human development report commissioned by
the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) says that only 55 of the
173 countries of the world surveyed during last year were on the
"right track" to achieve as many as three quarters of the
millennium development goals.
These formed 23 per cent of the worldís people, and
included Pakistan also through bracketed with slower development.
The report placed 33 countries with 26 per cent of
the worldís population in the track that listed nations falling on more
than half of the targets that included India that was far behind with
halve the population under-nourished failure to control the infantile
India was also far behind in removing gender
disparity in secondary education enrolment although it was on track in
the female gross primary enrolment. The country was also on track as far
as access to improved water resources was concerned.
Pakistan was reported to be slipping back in the net
primary education enrolment while it was on track as far as children
reaching grade five in education and female gross primary and secondary
education was concerned. It had; however, a high rate in
"under-five mortality rate" while it was on track in providing
improved water resources to its population. Second to Pakistan was Sudan
and also Bhutan in the region.
The report was launched in Manila last week with
simultaneous release at the United Nations, Information Center at
Islamabad, and a number of other important metropolises around the
globe. The report, which is regularly appearing for the last 12 years,
was the brainchild of late Dr. Mehmubul Haq.
Javed Jabbar, former federal minister who presided
over the launching ceremony in his observations said that the Report
deals with conceptually balanced and devoid of emotional reactions but
faced in based on solid facts and hard research work. He specifically
mentioned the part of the report related to the problems faced by lower
income manufacturers in exporting their products to the global markets.
Besides the social and economic sectors, the report
also focuses attention on the political life of the member countries by
providing what the authors said as "a timely and provocative
analysis" of the role the politics plays in achieving human
development. The recent plan for devolution of power in Pakistan however
had not attracted the attention of the researchers or the compilers of
The administrative reforms in Pakistan were
commendable steps as it placed the Police authorities directly under the
control of elected officials in the districts. Among the prominent
Pakistanis associated with the Report in one or the other capacity were
Dr. Hafiz Pasha, former chairman of the National Planning Commission,
Omar Noman and Saeed Qureshi.
The steps taken by the present administrators in
removing gender disparity by increasing the women representation on the
legislatures has also been ignored by the report.
The Chairman National Commission on Human
Development, Nasim Ashraf though agreed with the Report that on the
essentiality of democracy for human development, he said it should not
end at the ballot box, but should be extended to relations in the
Pointing out the global disparity between the poor
and the rich, he said that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was
controlled by five nations that monopolized 51 per cent of the voting
rights, and thus the power to decide on world's financial fate.
Reviewing the efforts carried by the National Commission, Nasim Ashraf
said a plan to create a national volunteer's corps was under way, and
its first experiment at Mardan has borne fruit where young volunteers
have been pressed into service in various sectors of rural development.
The present government has launched a Human
Development Fund with Rs2 billion in this connection.
Unfortunately, there is a general concept among the
people that it is the responsibility of the government alone to bring a
change for social and economic betterment of the society. People have to
come out of this dream because the governments come and go it is the
society, which has to survive on the values it, belongs. The seed of the
welfare of the society comes from the roots of the people and not the
government. It is the responsibility and duty of the people collectively
or individually to contribute its share for the well being of the human
being by brushing aside all political, sectarian and provincial
considerations. The prosperity of the society lies in the love for