The new concept of indoor plants is one of the right
plant for the right place. Not only must the conditions be suitable for
plant growth, but the plant must be appropriate as a decorative item as
to size, shape, colour and texture. Nowadays, our plants are part of the
setting, not surplus items to chatter up the window sills on the east
side of the house. Plants now grow in dark corners of the rooms, along
with stairways, and even in the bath rooms. Indoor plants have become so
much a part of modern living that we now expect to see them in
tastefully furnished homes, business buildings and recreation clubs. The
temperatures of our homes today is generally suitable for the average
Formaldehyde — used in foam insulation, pressed
wood products and commercial paper products — is a chemical found in
virtually all indoor environments. Benzene, a commonly used solvent, is
also present in many basic items, including inks, oils, paints, plastics
and rubber goods. Trichloroethylene, a chemical considered by the
National Cancer Institute to be a potent liver carcinogen, is used in
printing inks, paints, lacquers, varnishes and adhesives. The NASA
study, which cost over one million dollars, was conducted while
developing biotechnology for use in life support systems that can be
used by astronauts working within the enclosed environment of a future
space station or moon base.
NASA studies indicate that green plants are still
better than most any kind of air filter for cleaning impurities from the
air and providing the fresh oxygen needed by as turnouts in space, home
and office living green plants are regularly used to battle sick
building syndrome in modern skyscrapers, those with had air movement or
air exchange problems. Plants have been widely used in schools, homes
and offices in big buildings for cleaning the air. As a key part of the
symbiotic relationship between plant and people, plants need the carbon
dioxide that can poison us if we get too much, while they give off the
oxygen we need. In the home, we should place high light foliage plants
such as palm, scheffelera and weeping figs near windows. Most plants do
best with the better light near windows, but there are many good
low-light plants varieties of spathiphy them, or peace lily, Agloonema,
the Chinese evergreen, or Dracaena, the corn plants. Watering to plants
is a crucial time. Water should be applied, when the pots are dried.
Over watering will also cause some problems. We should feed our plant
with a water soluble fertilizer while they are water twice a month.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA), in research associated with the development of life support
systems for future space stations, has found that common indoor plants
can protect against rising levels of indoor air pollution. NASA
officials reported that findings from a two- year study suggest indoor
plants may provide a natural way to combat "sick building"
syndrome — a phenomenon in which workers complain of health problems
such as itchy eyes, skin rashes, drowsiness, respiratory and sinus
congestion, headaches and other allergy-related symptoms.
Pollution experts have determined that the air-tight
sealing of modern buildings to help reduce spiraling energy costs has
contributed significantly to these health problems. Similarly, synthetic
building materials, which are known to emit various organic compounds,
have been linked to numerous health complaints. One world health
organization recently estimated that approximately 30 per cent of all
new or remodeled buildings have varying degrees of indoor air pollution.
An environmental research, scientist at NASA's John
C. Stennis Space Centre in Mississippi, said the space agency study
shows that common landscaping plants can remove certain pollutants from
the indoor environment and that future research will provide even
further evidence that such plants can provide "pollution-free homes
and work places". "Plants take substances out of the air
through the tiny openings in their leaves", he said. "But
research in our laboratories has determined that plant leaves, roots and
soil bacteria are all important in removing trace levels of toxic
The NASA study demonstrates that indoor plants, along
with their soil and roots, are able to remove three most toxic indoor
air pollutants — formaldehyde, benzene and trichloroethylene — from
sealed experimental chambers. Experts report that there are actually
hundreds of volatile organic compounds that contribute to indoor air
pollution. Philodendron, spider plants and golden pothos were found to
be the most effective in removing formaldehyde, while flowering plants
such as gerbera daisies and chrysanthemums were rated superior in
removing benzene from the chamber atmosphere. Other plants found
effective air purifiers include the bamboo palm, peace lily, ficus, mass
can, English ivy and Chinese evergreen. In addition, there are other
plants, which are useful.
The common chrysanthemum, C.
indicum grows better at higher altitudes, reaching a height of 2
feet, but there are several varieties, which produce reasonable flowers
at see level. The flowers appear in pink, red, white, etc. It is very
suitable for an indoor plant.
DAISY (ASTERACEAE- COMPOSITAE): The
daisy family with about 15,000 species. It is a medicinal flower plant.
It contains terpenoid compounds.
A lovely plant, producing
many beautiful flowers of yellow and orange in clusters. Leaves thin,
rather grass-lie, makes good pot specimens. Propagation by division of
dumps suitable as indoor plant. The plant abso.rbs toxic gases.
Philodendrons are the most
popular of all houseplants because they are so easy to grow.
Philodendrons are used strictly as foliage plants, although they do have
interesting and attractive flowers. Plants men estimate that about 250
varieties of Philodendrons are known today, of which approximately 100
are now on the market. The Philodendrons with heart-shaped leaves are
well- known. There are also of with leaves like long ovals or enromous
arrowheads. There are two general types of Philodendrons: climbing (or
vining) and non-climbing (or self-heading). Some of them have surfaces
as shiny as oildoth, others are as luxurious as velvet. Those with
different colours on the undersides are fascinating and one variety even
has a pink stem. So in Philodendrons alone there is a wide choice of
plants to please the most discriminating artist, who wishes perfection
in shape and texture. There are enough plants to make the selection
difficult for the persons, who can have only one or two to keep in their
homes or in other places of residence.