Some other industry
sources confirmed that spindles were exported from Pakistan but in a
July 08 - 14, 2002
Despite being a textile country Pakistan has to
depend entirely on imported textile machinery and equipment as
producing these locally calls for capital intensive engineering
Experts in the textile-engineering sector are of
the view that manufacturing of the textile machinery and plants can
not be feasible due to low volume of production. However, efforts can
be made for production of spares in collaboration with international
manufacturers of the textile machinery.
There is however reports that the country has
started exporting spindles, which of course sounds surprising in the
absence of the required technical base within the country.
Reports recently published in a section of the
press said: "Pakistan ranked as the third largest exporter of
locally manufactured cotton spindles in various countries during the
last year, and producers intended to enhance their share in the world
market after making some major changes in the original design.
According to latest export figures released by the
International Textile Manufacturers Federation, India, China, Pakistan
and Bangladesh collectively accounted for 64 per cent spindles to the
needy countries during 2001.
After having physically shipped 0.874 million
spindles, India was on the top of the list followed by China 0.612
million, Pakistan 0.476 million and Bangladesh 0.394 million.
Having a large textile base and to meet the local
demand of the spinning sector, Pakistan entered into the spindle
manufacturing field in collaboration with China in mid 70s and since
then the industry is expanding to cater to the local as well as
"Pakistan's spindles are claimed to be a
judicious blend of both Chinese and European spinning modern
technologies ideally-suited to cotton spinning.
The exports are not confined to some Far Eastern
and Middle Eastern countries; some European importers also buy the
locally manufactured spindles, as they are much cheaper and conform to
international quality standards.
Pakistan's textile industry having in its fold 400
or odd spinning fully integrated units mostly rely on the locally
produced spindles for replacement and expansion purposes".
The industry has already embarked upon a massive
modernization programme of Rs55 billion during the next couple of
years and has already imported machinery worth $335.1 million since
July 2001 to April 2002.
The textile journey starts from the manually
operated ring spindles to computerized spinning may be a bit long and
expensive; it has certainly enhanced the competitiveness of the local
textile products in the world market, the report said.
Informed sources in All Pakistan Textile Mills
Association (APTMA), however declined to confirm the report with the
remarks that the industry has not yet started manufacturing any sort
of textile machinery or equipment hence the report about exports of
spindles seems amazing.
However some other industry sources confirmed that
spindles were exported from Pakistan but in a clandestine way. In
fact, they disclosed that for the last 4-5 years, a number of sick
units in the textile industry were lying closed due to one reason or
the other. It may be noted that at least 14,400 spindles are required
to run a textile units. These idle spindles being rusted in the closed
or sick units were reportedly sold as scrap. Those who purchased these
spindles managed to export after refurbishing them to some needy
countries. It is however not known whether the concerned lenders were
taken into confidence before the deal. According to unconfirmed
figures over one million such spindles were removed from the sick or
closed units during the last 3-4 years.
Currently, Pakistan's textile industry has an
installed capacity of 8.7 million spindles out of which 7.1 million
The total number of rotors installed is estimated
at 141,320 while the number of operative rotors was 63,910, said
official sources. As far as the strength of looms was concerned the
installed capacity of looms was estimated at 10,134 while 4,488 are in
Engineer Abul Kalam, former Chief Executive of
Pakistan Machine Tool Factory (PMTF) and also of Karachi Shipyard who
have special interest in developing base for production of textile
machinery locally said that Pakistan has the potential both in terms
of human resource as well as the technical know-how to cater to the
needs of the local industry. However, the private sector will have to
come forward to encourage the local engineers to move in that
direction. He said that some Chinese experts in collaboration with
PMTF were making efforts to produce cotton spindles within Pakistan.
However, some leading figures in the textile
industry said that the spindles produced locally were much expensive
on one side and were not in conformity to the international standards.
The textile industry in Pakistan however continues
to grow and is being ranked as 4th since 1994 as far as the textile
production is concern. In terms of textile production China is on top
of the list, second is USA, India on 3rd position while Pakistan is
ranked 4th. However a continued fight between Indonesia and Brazil is
going on for the 5th position.
The textile exports, except a minor drop in cotton
yarn and fabrics, managed to increase its export volume in bed sheets,
towels, garments, hosiery products mainly because of the incentives
given by the EU countries. The incentives include 15 per cent increase
in quota, exemption from 10 per cent duties, and 6 per cent
anti-dumping duty which gave Pakistani textiles an edge over India,
the main competitor of Pakistani textiles in the world market.