PAKISTAN ECONOMIC SCENARIO COMPARATIVE POSITION FOR THE YEAR 1981 AND 1991-2001

An statistical comparative position of some important economic sectors of the country and social life indicators of Pakistan for the year 1981 & 1991-2001 has been consolidated for information and interest of the PAGE readers

ECONOMIC SECTORS

UNIT

1981

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

POPULATION

.

Both sex

MLN

84.87

110.79

113.61

116.47

119.39

122.36

125.38

128.42

131.51

134.51

137.469

140.47

Growth Rate

%

-

30.54

2.545

2.456

2.508

2.488

2.468

2.425

2.406

2.281

2.200

2.153

Male

MLN

44.550

51.720

59.150

60.600

62.100

63.610

65.150

66.710

68.290

69.810

71.346

72.920

Female

MLN

40.320

53.070

54.460

55.870

57.290

58.750

60.230

61.710

63.220

64.700

66.123

67.550

PERCENTAGE TO
TOTAL POPULATION

Male

%

52.492

52.099

52.064

52.030

52.014

51.986

51.962

51.946

51.928

51.900

51.900

51.91

Female

%

47.508

47.901

47.936

47.970

47.986

48.064

48.038

48.054

48.072

48.100

48.100

48.09

Rural Population

MLN

60.850

77.170

78.770

80.330

81.880

83.470

85.130

86.890

88.600

90.130

92.113

94.255

Urban Population

MLN

24.020

33.620

34.840

36.140

37.510

38.890

40.250

41.530

42.910

44.280

45.356

46.215

RURAL/URBAN
PERCENTAGE

.

Rural

%

71.700

69.654

69.334

68.971

68.582

68.217

67.900

67.661

67.371

67.006

67.006

67.100

Urban

%

28.300

30.346

30.666

31.029

31.418

31.783

32.100

32.339

32.339

32.629

32.994

32.994

DENSITY OF
POPULATION

.

Per Sq. Km.

106

139

143

146

150

154

157

161

165

170

173

176

PWORKING AGE OPULATION

MLN

67.37

73.22

74.42

76.62

79.23

81.44

83.45

85.49

87.53

89.53

91.53

93.53

Rural

MLN

47.36

50.48

51.40

51.74

53.26

54.18

55.26

56.40

57.51

58.51

58.45

59.73

Urban

MLN

20.01

22.74

23.02

24.88

25.97

27.26

28.19

29.09

30.02

31.02

32.08

33.80

.

(86-87)

. . . . . . . . . . .

LABOUR FORCE

MLN

29.60

30.99

31.94

32.45

33.29

33.60

34.43

36.84

38.64

39.52

40.40

41.20

Rural

MLN

22.24

22.15

22.84

23.10

23.52

23.37

23.84

25.56

27.09

27.56

28.01

28.40

Urban

MLN

7.36

8.84

9.10

9.35

9.77

10.23

10.59

11.28

11.15

11.96

12.39

12.80

EMPLOYED LABOUR FORCE

MLN

28.70

29.04

30.07

30.92

31.68

31.80

32.58

34.59

36.36

37.19

38.02

38.80

Rural

MLN

21.69

20.93

21.60

22.11

22.53

22.25

22.69

24.12

25.74

26.19

26.62

27.0

Urban

MLN

7.01

8.11

8.47

8.81

9.15

9.55

9.89

10.47

10.62

11.00

11.40

11.80

UN-EMPLOYED
LABOUR FORCE

MLN

0.93

1.95

1.87

1.53

1.61

1.80

1.85

2.25

2.28

2.33

2.38

2.40

Rural

MLN

0.55

1.22

1.23

0.99

0.99

1.12

1.14

1.44

1.35

1.37

1.39

1.40

Urban

MLN

0.38

0.73

0.64

0.54

0.62

0.68

0.71

0.81

0.93

0.96

0.99

1.00

UN-EMPLOYMENT
RATE

%

3.05

6.28

5.85

4.73

4.84

5.37

5.37

6.12

5.89

5.89

5.89

5.90

Rural

%

2.5

5.48

5.40

4.28

4.22

4.80

5.65

4.98

4.98

4.98

4.98

5.00

Urban

%

4.51

8.19

6.97

5.88

6.51

6.90

6.90

7.17

7.95

7.95

7.95

8.00

LITERACY RATE

%

26.2

34.9

36.0

37.2

38.4

39.6

40.9

42.2

43.6

45.0

47.1

52.00

Male

%

36.0

45.10

46.40

47.00

49.01

50.50

51.00

53.40

54.90

56.50

59.00

61.30

Female

%

15.20

23.30

24.30

25.40

26.50

27.60

28.80

30.00

31.30

32.60

35.40

36.80

PER CAPITA INCOME

Rs.

3,589

9,546

10,908

11,749

13,373

15,686

17,233

19,212

20,415

21,899

23,073

24,528

US$

363

426

439

453

443

508

513

493

473

438

446

429

BALANCE OF
PAYMENTS US$ (fob)

. . . . . . . . . . . .

(July- March)

- Exports

MLN

2799

5,902

6,762

6,782

6,685

7,759

8,311

8,096

8,434

7,528

8,190

6,572

- Imports

MLN

5563

8,385

8,998

10,049

8,685

10,296

12,015

11,241

12,301

9,613

9,607

7,681

Trade Deficit.

MLN

(-)2764

(-)2,483

(-)2,236

(-)3,267

(-) 2,000

(-)2,537

(-) 3,704

(-) 3,145

(-) 1,867

(-) 2,085

(-) 1,412

(-)1,109

EXCHANGE RATE

.

9.9078

22.4228

24.8441

25.9598

30.1638

30.8517

33.5684

38.9936

43.1958

46.7904

51.7709

57.2174

AVERAGE 1=US$ = Rs.
FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS.

.

Commercial Banks

NO.

-

-

-

20

20

20

21

21

22

25

25

24

Foreign Banks

NO.

-

-

-

21

19

20

20

21

21

20

20

19

Investment Banks

-

-

-

12

12

12

12

15

16

16

16

18

NO OF LISTED COMPANIES

.

Karachi Stock Ex:

NO.

-

-

628

653

724

764

782

781

773

765

762

760

GROWTH RATE

.

GDP

%

6.4

5.6

7.7

2.3

4.5

5.3

6.8

1.9

4.3

4.2

3.9

2.6

-Agriculture

%

3.7

5.0

9.5

(-)5.3

5.2

6.6

11.7

0.1

3.8

2.0

6.1

(-) 2.5

- Manufacturing

%

10.6

6.3

8.1

5.4

5.4

3.7

4.8

1.3

7.9

3.7

1.4

7.1

- Commodity Producing
Sector

%

6.3

5.9

8.6

0.1

4.8

5.7

8.5

0.4

5.3

3.4

3.0

0.8

- Service Sector

.

6.6

5.2

6.8

4.6

4.2

4.8

5.0

3.6

3.2

5.0

4.8

4.4

AREA UNDER
IMPORTANT CORPS.

.

HC

7,308

7,911

7,878

8,300

8,034

8,170

8,376

8,109

8,355

8,230

8,463

8,137

- Wheat

000

. . . . . . . . . . . .

- Rice

"

1,963

2,113

2,097

1,973

2,187

2,125

2,162

2,251

2,317

2,424

2,515

2,377

- Gram

``

820

1,092

997

1,008

1,045

1,065

1,119

1,100

1,102

1,077

972

963

- Sugar Cane

"

841

884

896

885

963

1,009

963

965

1,056

1,155

1,010

961

- Cotton

"

2,567

2,662

2 ,836

2,836

2,805

2,653

2,997

3,149

2,960

2,923

2,983

2,927

PRODUCTION OF
IMPORTANT CROPS

.

000

12,675

14,565

15,684

16,157

15,213

17,002

16,907

16,651

18,694

17,856

21,079

18,535

- Wheat

Tons

. . . . . . . . . . . .

- Rice

3,240

3,243

3,243

3,116

3,995

3,447

3,966

4,305

4,333

4,674

5,156

4,803

- Gram

"

371

531

513

347

411

559

680

594

767

698

565

493

- Sugar Cane

"

33,028

35,989

38,865

38,059

44,427

47,168

45,230

41,998

53,104

55,191

46,333

43,608

- Cotton

"

1,468

9,628

12,822

9,054

8,041

8,697

10,595

9,374

9,184

8,790

11,240

10,732

TRANSPORT / MOTOR
VEHICLES
REGISTERED

.

- Motor Cars, Jeeps &

NO.

282,572

731,960

819,350

868,159

902,654

923,577

966,747

1,068,11

1,085,96

1,122,46

1,182,30

N.A

Wagons

. . . . . . . .

6

9

5

7

.

- Motor Cabs / Taxis

NO.

19,571

32,235

41,245

47,897

52,444

53,400

54,501

83,182

83,687

83,819

83,892

N.A

- Buses

NO.

51,245

89,094

94,988

98,681

107,440

113,516

114,415

119,365

125,929

150,108

154,401

N.A

-Trucks

NO.

59,553

107,171

111,391

114,394

118,389

119,174

123,658

131,322

132,895

145,111

148,569

N.A

- Motor Cycles

NO.

548,242

1,381,136

1,497,017

1,573,370

1,679,259

1,754,737

1,842,531

1.995,421

2,068,230

2,175,488

2,260,772

N.A

PAKISTAN RAILWAYS

.

- Locomotives

NO.

960

753

752

703

676

678

622

633

611

596

582

599

- Freight Wagons

NO.

36,248

34,851

30,369

29,451

29,228

30,117

26,755

25,213

24,275

24,456

22,247

23,459

- Route

KMs

8,775

8,775

8,775

8,775

8,775

8,775

8,775

8,775

8,775

7,791

7,791

7,791

ROADS (TOTAL
LENGTH)

KMs

96,859

170,823

182,709

189,321

196,817

207,645

218,345

229,595

240,885

247,484

248,340

249,959

- High Type

KMs

40,380

86,839

95,374

99,083

104,001

111,307

118,428

126,117

133,462

137,352

138,200

138,726

- Low Type

KMs

56.479

83,984

87,335

90,238

92,816

96,338

99,917

103,478

107,423

110,132

110,140

111,233

PAKISTAN NATIONAL
SHIPPING
CORPORATION

.

- Vessels

NO.

50

28

29

27

15

17

15

15

15

15

15

15

PAKISTAN
INTERNATIONAL
AIRLINES
CORPORATION

.

PIA Fleet

No.of Planes

31

44

45

45

47

47

47

47

47

45

48

46

PRODUCITON OF
SELECTED INDUSTRIAL
ITEMS OF LARGE
SCALE.

. . . . . . . . . . . . (July - March)

- Cotton Yarn

000
Tons

430.154

1041.2

1170.70

1219.0

1309.60

1369.7

1495.1

1520.8

1532.3

1540.3

1671.9

1289.3

- Cotton Cloth

MLN
Sq.
Mtr.

325,021

292.9

307.9

325.4

314.9

321.8

327.0

333.5

340.3

384.3

434.9

360.4

- Sugar

000 Tons

851

1934

2322

2384

2841

2964

2426

2283

3555

3541.8

2429.4

2567.0

-Vegetable Ghee

000 Tons

505

656

639

725

671

711

733

714

719

812.4

830.1

622.6

- Cement

000 Tons

3,538

7,762

8,321

8,558

8,100

7,913

9,567

9,536

9,364

9,635

9,314

7,167

- Jeeps & Cars

NO.

-

25,166

28,911

26,945

19,514

20,955

31,079

33,462

33,683

39,304

31,352

27,919

- Tractors

NO.

-

13,753

9,817

17,127

14,907

17,144

16,208

10,147

14,144

25,579

34,909

21,518

- L.C.V.

NO.

-

11,882

11,411

11,478

5,128

5,154

6,834

9,817

4,886

8,079

5,122

5,075

- Motor Cycles / Scooters

NO.

-

98,647

97,162

95,793

63,958

60,960

121,809

117,180

96,991

93,167

94,881

90,320

- Bicycles

NO.

-

428.8

478.4

588.6

563.7

473.4

545.1

432.4

452.1

504

534

426

000

. . . . . . . . . . . .

- Paper & Paper Board

000 Tons

-

152,8

177.0

263.8

262.5

314.6

129.4

346.6

344.8

360.3

434.6

389.2

- Coke

000 Tons

-

723.6

737.2

716.2

771.6

701.6

685.6

663.0

667.7

588.7

675.5

538.5

- Pig Iron

000 Tons

-

1073.9

1048.1

1098.2

1252.7

1044.7

1002.2

1068.6

1015.8

989.3

1106.6

807.4

- Billets

000 Tons

-

330.0

306.7

338.4

403.9

343.5

332.7

378.5

350.1

276.1

345.2

301.2

PRODUCTIONS OF VEHICLES

.

(1985- 86)

. . . . . . . . . . .

- Trucks

NO.

2,285

2,059

1,627

2,222

1,394

703

3,030

2,916

1,850

758

707

N.A

- Buses

NO.

616

826

1,114

1,177

427

312

438

862

425

822

1,243

N.A

- L.C.Vs

NO.

11,566

11,882

11,411

11,478

5,128

5,154

6 834

9,817

4,886

6 211

3,525

N.A

- 4 x 4 Vehicles

NO.

2,321

2,796

1,774

1,324

816

1,310

2,274

792

651

126

242

N A

- Tractors

NO.

19,153

13,753

9,817

17,127

14,907

17,144

16,208

10,417

14,144

16,995

26,158

21,518

- Motorcycles

NO.

60,404

98,647

97,162

95,793

63,958

60,960

121,809

117,180

96 991

68,574

65,961

90,320

- Car

NO.

15,878

25,166

28,911

26,945

19,514

20,955

31,079

33,462

33,683

28,389

21,789

27,919

HEALTH FACILITIES

.

- Hospitals

NO.

600

776

778

799

822

827

858

865

872

877

877

877

- Dispensaries

NO.

3,478

3,993

4,095

4,206

4,280

4,253

4,253

4,513

4,523

4,551

4,625

4,640

- Health Centers

NO.

774

4,414

4,526

4,663

4,902

4,986

5,143

5,121

5,155

5,152

5,171

5,186

- Rural Health Centers

NO.

243

465

470

485

496

498

505

513

514

530

531

551

- TB Centers

NO.

99

219

228

233

242

260

262

262

263

263

274

274

- Total No. of Beds

NO.

48,441

75,805

76,938

80,047

84,883

85,805

88,454

89,929

90,659

91,919

93,907

N.A

- Registered Doctors

NO.

13,910

55,572

60,042

63,003

66,196

69,691

74,229

78,470

82,682

87,105

90,305

93,505

- Registered Dentists

NO.

1,018

2,193

2,279

2,401

2,589

2,751

2,938

3,159

3,444

3,867

4,175

4,475

- Registered Nurses

NO.

6,110

18,150

19,389

20,245

21,419

22,299

24,776

28,661

32,938

35,979

37,623

39,823

POPULATION PER

.

- Hospital Bed

NO.

.

1,461

1,476

1,455

1,406

1,426

1,417

1,428

1,450

1,492

1,495

1,495

- Doctors

NO.

6,027

1,993

1,892

1,848

1,803

1,755

1,689

1,636

1,590

1,590

1,578

1,529

- Dentist

NO.

82,357

50,519

49,850

48,508

46,114

44,478

42,675

40,652

38,185

38,185

35,557

33,629

- Nurses

NO.

N.A

6,104

5,859

5,753

5,574

5,487

5,060

4,480

3,992

3,822

3,732

3,732

EDUCATIONAL
INSTITUTIONS

.

(1987)

. . . . . . . . . . .

- Primary Schools

NO.
(000)

59.168

114.1

112.4

130.6

134.1

139.6

143.1

149.7

156.3

159.3

162.5

165.7

- Middle Schools

NO.
(000)

5.295

8.8

9.0

11.8

12.1

12.6

13.3

14.5

17.4

18.0

18.4

18.8

- High Schools

NO.
(000)

3.479

8.2

8.4

8.7

9.2

9.5

9.5

9.9

11.1

12.3

12.6

12.8

- Vocational Institutions

NO.

231

725

608

602

474

487

577

578

574

580

580

661

- Colleges

NO.

433

612

633

649

651

678

715

737

787

853

853

1083

- Professional Colleges

NO.

-

99

139

147

165

167

260

264

293

293

293

308

- Universities

NO.

19

22

23

23

25

25

25

26

26

26

26

28

ENERGY GENERATION

.

. . . . . . . . . (July- March)

- Hydroelectric

GWH

9,043

18,343

18,247

21,112

19,436

22,858

23,206

20,858

22,060

22,449

19,288

13,250

- Thermal

GWH

6,869

22,354

26,375

27,057

30,707

30,176

33,257

37,921

39,669

42,669

46,064

35,138

- Nuclear

GWH

150

385

418

582

497

511

493

346

375

284

284

229

POST AND
TELECOMMUNICATIONS

.

- Post Offices

NO.

11,238

13,413

13,380

13,196

13,285

13,320

13,419

13,216

13,294

12,854

12,854

12,826

- Telegraph Offices

NO.

252

497

509

512

412

416

423

433

448

401

384

384

- Telephones

NO.
000

359

1,188

1,460

1,547

1,801

2,126

2,375

2,557

2,756

2,861

3,124

3,934

- Internet Connection

MLN

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.01

0.01

0.03

1.30

NO.

. . . . . . . . . . .

- Public Call Offices

NO.

1,689

3,861

4,676

5,618

6,422

7,600

9,410

10,040

10,071

3,035

4.015

NA

ANNUAL CHANGES IN
PRICE INDEXES

.

- Consumer Price Index

.

11.10

5.55

10.58

9.83

11.27

13.02

10.79

11.80

7.81

5.74

3.58

4.69

- Whole Sale Price Index

.

7.36

7.36

9.84

7.36

16.40

16.00

11.10

13.02

6.58

6.35

1.77

6.57

- Sensitive Price Index

.

5.38

15.38

10.54

10.71

11.79

15.01

10.71

12.45

7.35

6.44

1.83

5.32

- Annual GDP Defaulter

.

9.37

9.37

10.07

8.67

12.86

14.16

8.04

13.34

7.66

5.51

3.85

5.44

Source:

- Economic Surveys of Pakistan.
- State Bank of Pakistan reports.
- Government reports and other publications.