The PCSI has evolved guidelines to achieve the goal
of producing contamination free cotton
Sep 10 - 16, 2001
The agriculture sector once again estimated to
produce over 11 million of cotton bales this year, the interesting
factor however is that a major portion of the total produce will be
contamination free cotton.
Major players in the cotton sector i.e. Karachi
Cotton Association (KCA), Pakistan Ginners Association and the
exporters have appreciated the first ever initiative taken by the
government for image building of the cotton sector in Pakistan.
Shakoor Dada, Chairman, KCA talking to PAGE
said that because of contaminated cotton, Pakistan's cotton and cotton
yarn were not fetching the deserving price in the international
market. He was of the opinion that once the cotton sector succeeded in
establishing its reputation as the producer of contaminated free
cotton, the value of our products will also go up in terms of money
also. However it will certainly take time to achieve that image.
He said that the government has taken various
measures for improving the quality and standard of the cotton and
cotton products besides increasing the under cultivation area for
cotton crop. He expressed the hope that the benefits of these efforts
would also be passed on to the growers. He said that for the first
time in the history of Pakistan, the government has offered attractive
incentives to the growers in the Province of Balochistan. These
incentives include distribution of free cottonseed, exemption of
levies, supplies of irrigation water to the growers in Balochistan.
All these steps are likely to make the Province of Balochistan a major
contributor of cotton crop in the years to come.
Shakoor Dada said that the major reason for
contaminating the cotton crop is the carelessness on the part of the
growers at the picking stage, transportation of cotton in jute or poly
bags, which he feels, are the major polluters of the cotton. He
expressed the hope that under the guidelines provided by the experts
for picking, packaging, transportation and ginning of the cotton,
Pakistan will certainly achieve the target of producing contamination
free cotton in near future.
The quality conscious and choosy International
market has forced the International players in the export sector to do
home work before entering the export market. In the demanding export
market the quality and grade are the winning point, hence the local
cotton market, producers and ginners and exporters have started
realizing the importance of quality and grade of cotton fetch a better
price. Realizing the issue means half of the problem is resolved and
that trend is growing among the ginners in Pakistan also to achieve
better quality cotton for producing contamination free cotton.
Improved ginning is the basic requirement for
producing contamination free quality cotton. The government of
Pakistan is also attaching great importance to grading system in
cotton sector so that adopting the grading system in Pakistan could
produce cotton of international standards. Quality cotton would
certainly add value to our cotton yarn thus helping to fetch better
prices in the export market.
In accordance with the new policy, the All Pakistan
Textile Mills Association would pay an additional amount of Rs200 per
maund of contamination free cotton to the ginners. While a premium of
Rs75 per maund would be paid on lesser-contaminated (2.5 gram per
bale) of cotton. This is an incentive to the ginners for taking care
in the ginning process.
The Pakistan Cotton Standards Institute (PCSI) has
evolved guidelines to achieve the goal of producing contamination free
cotton in Pakistan. The PCSI has recommended that cotton bags or open
trolley should be used for transportation of phutti from farm to
ginning factory. The grading system should be introduced within every
ginning factory. The purchase of phutti is made on the basis of grade
of the cotton instead of relying on the variety of the cotton to
motivate the growers for clean picking of the cotton. Before start of
the ginning process, phutti should be spread over the brick platform
under the sun to ensure it does not contain any moisture, or foreign
elements such as jute fiber or pieces of plastic or ploy bags etc.
Phutti should also be passed through pre-cleaners to filter it from
any contamination within it. The pre-cleaning, ginning and post
cleaning machinery should be in the best order to get better results.
The ginned cotton should be allowed to contain more than 8 per cent of
the moisture after going through the ginning process.
It is not advisable to spray water through pipe on
cotton bags, as the water spray not only discolors the cotton but also
adversely affects crispiness of the cotton. Every ginning factory
should house a reasonable sample room under the supervision of the
trained cotton classifiers so that cotton could be tested in
accordance to the standards of the specimen of the graded cotton under
the new system.