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Society
Employment of special persons

To live their life with dignity and respect

By ABDUL AZIZ ARAIN
Mar 05 - 11, 2001

Special persons form a significant portion of our society and the population (persons who, on account of injury, disease or congenital deformity, are handicapped for undertaking any gainful profession or employment in order to earn their livelihood, and include a person who is blind, deaf, physically handicapped or mentally retarded). For the employment, rehabilitation and welfare of special (disabled) persons, the governemnt has enacted an Ordinance called Disabled Persons (Employment and Rehabilitation) Ordinance, 1981. Besides the government responsibility to cater for the employment, rehabilitation and welfare of such special persons, it is obligatory, moral and social duty on the society and such establishment who can afford to look after such disabled persons so that such special persons can also earn and live their life with some dignity and respect, rather than adopting such means of earnings, which the society do not consider good and degraded means.

Having realized the importance of the welfare of special persons, the Government of Pakistan, in pursuance of the proclamation of the 5th of July, 1977 promulgated the "Disabled Persons (Employment and Rehabilitation) Ordinance, 1981. The Ordinance provides the establishment, where 100 or more persons are employed, not less than 1% of the total number of persons employed by such establishments at any time shall be disabled persons. It further states that the disabled persons employed against any post in pursuance of this ordinance shall be entitled to the terms and conditions which are not less favourable than those of the other persons employed by the establishment against similar posts. (Establishment having some meaning as in the West Pakistan Industrial and Commercial Employment (Standing Orders) Ordinance, 1968.)

Employers Federation of Pakistan recently conducted a survey on the Terms and Conditions of Employment of Workers in Pakistan, published in 1999 an inquiry was included in the survey about the employment of Special persons. The response from the sample organizations is reflected in the table given below The informations obtained reveals that out of 216 organizations participated in the survey of private and public sector, 92 sample organizations have provided employment to 731 special persons in different status, out of whom 707 are males and 24 females.

Special Persons Employed

Number of Employees

 

 

Private

Public

Multi-national

Total

Un-skilled

Male

89

162

54

305

 

Female

09

0

01

10

Semi-skilled

Male

53

21

21

85

 

Female

01

0

0

01

Skilled

Male

86

64

5

155

 

Female

03

01

01

05

Office Staff

Male

52

51

7

110

 

Female

01

06

01

08

Supervisor

Male

14

24

03

41

 

Female

0

01

0

01

 

TOTAL

308

330

93

771

The survey on Employment of Special Persons further reveals as under

Providing for Special Training for

 

Skill upgradation

14

01

06

21

 

Rehabilitation

06

01

03

10

Attendance record of Special employees compared to normal employees

 

100%

25

04

13

42

 

Less than 100%

120

18

36

174

Disabled Employees prone to accidents

 

Yes

02

0

0

02

 

No

57

09

25

91

Obedience and work discipline of Special Employees

 

100%

48

08

21

77

 

Less than 100%

97

14

28

139

(The author was associated for this survey.)