. .



Special Report
Pakistan — country economic profile, 1999-2000

 

 

Profile

Column
Education
Society

Interview

Special Report

By Abdul Aziz Arain
Manager, Forbes Forbes Campbell & Co. (Private) Ltd.
Karachi- Pakistan
Aug 21 - 27, 2000

1.

Federal capital

.

* Islamabad

2.

Provincial Capitals

* Punjab
* Sindh
* N.W.F.P.
*Balochistan

Lahore
Karachi
Peshawar
Quetta

3.

Languages

National Language
Official Language
Regional Languages

* Urdu
* English
* Punjabi
* Sindhi
* Pushto
* Brohi
* Balochi
* Seraiki

.

4.

Government Fiscal/
Trade/Agriculture
Year

.

July 1st To June 30th

5.

Currency

.

Rupee (1 U.S. $=Rs.51.7352 AVERAGE)

6.

Area

Square  
Kilometers  

Percentage

Pakistan - Total Area
Punjab
Sindh
N.W.F.P.
F.A.T.A.
Balochistan
Islamabad Federal Area
Total Cropped Area
Area Under Forests

.

796,095
205,344
140,914
74,521
27,220
347,190
906
22.96
3.61

"
"
"
"
"
"
"
Million
Million

100
25.79
17 70
09.36
03.42
43.62
00.11
Hectares
Hectares

7. Location

Islamic Republic Of Pakistan
lies between 23 and 37 north latitude
and 61 and 76 east longitude.

8. Boundry

North: China
North West:
East:
South:

 

(Sinkiang)
Afghan Istan
& China
India
Arabian Sea

.

9. Climate

Hot summer months extend
from June to August and
the winter months are from
December to February.

.

1O. Topography

.

The Northern regions of Pakistan is famous for its high mountain ranges, the Himalayas and the Karakorams.The Highest peak in the area is Godwin Austin (K-2) which is 8610.60 Meters (The second highest peak in the world).

The south western part of the country is a plateau with an average height of about 609.60 Meters above the sea level.

Most of the area in Punjab and Sindh is a plain formed by the river Indus. It is known for its excellent net work of canals and rich agricultural land. The province of N.W.F.P. comprises both hilly areas and fertile valleys. Balochistan is mainly an arid region with promise of mineral wealth.

.

11.

Population (Jan. 1, 2000)

Both Sex

Male

Female

Population in (000)
Urban areas (32.993%)
Rural areas (67.007%)

.

137,469
45,356
92,113

71,346 (51.899)

66,123 (48.101%)

12.

Population growth rate
- crude birth rate
- crude death rate
- mortally rate - under - 5
- infant mortality rate


Per- 1000
Per- 1000
Per- 1000
Per- 1000

2.28 % Per annum
35.0
8.0
120.0
91.0

Life expectancy
Male
Female

.


63.00 YEARS
63.00 YEARS

13.

Density Of Population

172.679

Persons Per Square
Kilometer

14.

Working Age Population

91.53

Million

Urban
Rural

.

32.08
59.45

Million
Million

(35.05%)
(64.95%)

15.

Labour Force

39.45

Million

Urban
Rural

.

12.49
26.96

Million
Million

(31.66%)
(68.34%)

16.

Employed Labour Force

37 03

Million

Urban
Rural

.

1 1.59
25.44

Million
Million

(3130%)
(68.70%)

17.

Un-Employed Labour Force

2.42

Million

Urban
Rural

.

090
1.52

Million
Million

18.

Un-Employed Rate %

6.12

Percent

Urban
Rural

.

7.17
5.65

Percent
Percent

19.

Labour Force Participation

28.69

Percent

Rate %
Urban
Rural

.

27.15
29.42

Percent
Percent

20.

Literacy Rate

 

.


Male
Female

47.1
59.0
35.4


Percent
Percent

21.

Gnp (Fc)
Gnp (Mp)

.

Rs.2,869,138
Rs.3,119,899

Million
Million

22.

G.D.P. (Mp)
G.D.P. (Fc)

Rs.3,173,685
Rs.2,922,924

Million
Million

Million

23.

GROWTH RATE
- G.N.P
- G.D.P. (FC)
-Agriculture
- manufacturing
- commodity production sector
- service sector
- transport,storage and
Communications.
- electricity and gas
Distributions.
- construction sector

.

.
3.9
4.46
5.54
1.57
4.45
4.48

3.9

7.8
6.2
.
Percent
Percent
Percent
Percent
Percent
Percent

Percent

Percent
Percent

24.

Per capita income (mp)

.

Rs. 22,939 (us $ 443)

Growth-21%.

25.

Inflation rate

3.11

Percent

Consumer price index (cpi)
Sensitive price indicator(spi)
Wholesale price index (wpi)

.

3.40
1.63
1.55

Percent
Percent
Percent

26.

Sea- ports

I) Karachi
Ii) Port bin qasim
Iii) Gowadar (under construction)
Iv) Keti bunder (under process of construction)

.

27.

International airports

i) Karachi
ii) Lahore
iii) Islamabad
Iv) Peshawar
V) Quetta

.

28.

Dry- Ports

i) Lahore
ii) Rawalpindi
Iii) Peshawar
Iv) Faisalabad
v) Multan
vi) Quetta
vii) Sialkot

.

29.

Financial
Institutions

 

(a) Nationalized scheduled banks
(b) De-nationalizedscheduled banks
(c) Private schedule banks
(d) Specialized bank
(e) Investment banks
(f) Foreign banks
(g) Development financial instituions
(h) Discount and guarantee houses
(i) House finance companies

.

04
02
.
15
04
16
20
10
.
03
.
04

30.

Area Under Important
Crops

Crops

Area

Production

 

 

(000)-HECTARES

(000-TONNES)

   

Wheat
Rice
Sugarcane
Cotton (bales)
Maize
Tobacco
Gram

8,575
2,515
1,010
2.983
894
57
1,088.8

19,272
5,156
46,363
11,240
1,352
109
667

 

Yield per hectare of major
Agriculture crops

   

(kg/hector)

 

Wheat
Rice
Sugarcane
Maize
Gram
Cotton
  2,247
2.050
45.904
1,512
612
641
 

FERTILIZER OFF-TAKE
IMPORT OF PESTICIDES

.

(000.N/TONNES)
QUANTITY/TONS
VALUE



MILLION Rs.

2.122.97
19.148.0
3.740.0

31.

Livestock Population

Livestock

 

Mullion

Buffaloes
Cattles
Goats
Sheep
Poultry
Camels
Horses
Donkeys

22.7
22.0
47.4
24.1
282.0
0.8
0.3
3.8

 

Livestock Products

   

000 Tonnes

Milk
Beef
Mutton
Poultry Meat
Wool
Hair
Bonnes
Fats
Eggs (Million Nos.)8.463
Hides ( Nos.)
Skins ( Nos.)

.

25,566
986
649
322
38.9
17.9
324.0
120.6


7.6
37.2

32.

Extraction Of Principal
Minerals.

Mineral

Unit

(July-March)

Coal
Natural Gas
Crude Oil
Marble
Chromite
Dolomite
Sypsum
Lime Stones
Magnesite
Rock Salt
Sulpher
Baryte

Million Tonnes
000 M.Cu.Mtr.
Mtr. Barrels.
000 Tonnes
000 Tonnes
000 Tonnes
000 Tonnes
000 Tonnes
000 Tonnes
000 Tonnes
000 Tonnes
000 Tonnes

2.3
17,2
15.4
364.0
16.0
198.3
217.0
8.2
3 4
1027.0
17.1
15.0
Registered

.

33.

Transport
No. Of Motor Vehicles
Registered

 

 

Motor Cars, Jeeps &
Motor Cars - Taxi
Buses
Trucks
Motor Cycle 2 Wheeler
Motor Cycle 3 Wheeler
Others

1.122.465
83,819
134,991
147,561
2.133,527
87,640
732.316 (000 Nos )

•

Transport
No. Of Motor Vehicles On Road

 

 


Motor Cars
Jeeps
Station Wagons
Tractors
Buses
Taxi Cabs
Rickshaws
Delivery Vans
Trucks
Others


689.0
63.0
79.5
535.3
87.9
70.1
93.8
171.6
149.2
99.0

•

Rail

Locomotive
Freight Wagon
Pessanger Coaches
Railway Route
Railway Stations

Nos.
Nos.

Km
Nos.

582
22.247
2/040
7,791
781

•

Roads

Total Roads
High Type
Low Type

Km
Km
Km

249.959
138.726
111.233

•

Pakistan International

No Ofaircrafts
Airlines
Pia Network-
International Stations
Domestic Station

48


37
35

•

Private Sector Airlines

(I) - Shaheen Airlines
(Ii) - Bhoja Air
(Iii) - Aero Asia
(Iv)—Safe Air
International

•

Pakistan National Shipping
Corporation

No. Of Vessels

Dead Weight (Tons)
Cargo Traffic
Handled(000. Tons)
- Imports
- Exports

.

15

261,836

18,004
13,607
4,397

34.

Educational
Institutions
By Kind And Level



Primary Schools
Middle Schools
High Schools
Secondary Vocational
Institutions
Arts & Science College
Professional Colleges
Universities
Private Universities

.



Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.

Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.



170,500
24,900
14,100
498

789
294
26
12

35.

Health Facilities

Hospitals
Dispenseries
Basic Health Units & Sub-
Health Centres
Rural Health Centres
Maternity Homes
Tb Centres
Beds
Doctors (Registered)
Dentists (Registered)
Lady Health Visitors
Nurses (Registered)
Population Per
Hospital Bed
Doctor
Dentist
Nurse
Nurse Per Hospital Bed
Average Per Capita, Per
Annum National Expenditure
On Health
Daily Per Capita Food
Calories - Per Day
Protein Per Day/
Per Capita
Expenditure On Heath As % Of Gdp

Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.
Nos.




Nos.


Gram

877
4,625
5,1 52

530
855
263
91,919
87,105
3,867
5,299
35,979

1,495
1,578
35,757
3,822
2.8

Rs. 106.00
2,715

71.03
0.5%

36.

Manufacturing

 

 

 

 

 

 

Production Of Motor
Vehicles

Cotton Yarn
Cotton Cloth
Vegetable Ghee And
Cooking Oil
(166 Units Gcp)
Cigreties
Fertilizer
(10 Units)
Nitro Phospatic
Urea
Cement ( 24 Units )
Sugar ( 78 Units )
Pig Iron/Hot Metal
Billets
Production Of Motor
Vehicle

Trucks
Buses
L.C.Vs
4x4 Vehicles
Tractors
Motor
Cycles/Scooters/
Richshaw
Cars
Caustic Soda (2 Units)
Soda Ash

1252.0
321.0
620.4
70.8

30.8


188 6
2.781.5
6,996.0
2,411.9
735 3
212.2



707
1,243
3,525
242
26,158
65,961


21,789
104.5
189.7

(000 Tonnes
(Million Sq.Mtr)
(000 Tonnes
(Bls Nos)

(000 Tonnes)

.
(000 Tonnes)
(Too Tonnes)
(000 Tonnes)
(000 Tonnes)
(000 Tonnes)
(000 Tonnes)


.
(Nos.)
(Nos.)
(Nos.)
(Nos.)

(Nos.)

(Nos.)
(000 Tonnes)
(000 Tonnes)

.

37.

Cotton Mills

Textile Mills

No: Of Mills.
Spindles
Looms
Rotors




000 Nos.
Nos.
Nos.




Installed
Capacity
443
8,442
10,000
145,796




Working
Capacity
359
6,782
4,000
68,000

.

38.

Power

The total power generating capacity from all the three sources,

i.e. Hydel, Thermal and Nuclear is 16,764 MW.

Commercial energy supplies

Installed generation capacity

- Hydel

4,825 Mw

- Thermal

5,120 Mw

- Private I Pp

4,674 Mw

- K.E.S.C.

1,756 Mw

- Kanupp

137 Mw

- Tapal & Gul Ahmed

252 Mv

16,764 Mw

Coal Production

Estimated Coal Production

2,366,000 Tonnes

(July-March 1999-2000)

Production Of Crude Oil

(July-March 1999-2000)

56,141 Barrel Per Day

Natural Gas

Production Of

Natural Gas Per Day 2,217 Mcfd

(July-March. 1999-2000)

.

39.

Post &

Telecommunications

* Post Offices

12,854

* Telegraph Offices

393

* No. Of Telephones (000 Nos.)

3,035.2

* Telephone Exchange

2,446

* Public Call Offices

10,256

* No. Of Tv Sets (000 Nos.)

3,149.9

* No. Of Radio Sets (000 Nos.)

399.7

* No. Of Vcr Sets (000 Nos.)

135.9

* No. Of Internet Connection

.

21,000

40.

Balance Of Payment - (US. $ Million)

(July 99 - March 2000)

Export (F.O.B)

Us $6,927.2

Imports (F.O.B)

Us $ 8,337.1

Trade Balance (-)

.

Us $ 1,409.9

41.

Fiscal Indicators As

Percent Of Gdp (Mp)

Overall Fiscal Deficit

5.8

Expenditure

- Current

19.0

- Development

3.2

- Total

22.2

Revenue

- Non - Tax

3.1

- Direct Tax

4.0

- Indirect Tax

9.3

- Total

16.4

 

.

42.

Growth Rate %

(U.S.$ Million)

Export (F.O.B)

Us $ 3.1

Imports (F.O.B)

Us $ 1.8

 

.

43.

Inflow Of Net Foreign

(U S $ Million)

Private Investment

Direct

Us $ 360.5

Portfolio

Us $ 32.3

Total

Us $ 392.8

 

.

44.

Inflow Of Foreign

(U.S.$ Million)

Investment By

Economic Group

1. Power

60.7

2. Chemical, Pharmeceutical

And Fertilizer

111.1

3. Construction

16.1

4. Mining & Quarrying

59.8

5. Food, Beverages &

47.3

Tobacco

6. Textile

2.8

7. Transport & Storage

23.5

8. Machinery Other Than

2.9

Electrical

9. Electronics

1.5

10. Electrical Machinery

1.4

11. Financial Business

13.3

12. Trade

6.7

13. Petrochemical &

12.0

Refining

14. Tourism

0.0

15. Cement

0.1

16. Others

27.3

Total:

.

392.5

45.

Interest Payments

And Debt

- Domestic Debt

194.0 Rs. Biln

As% To gdp

6.1

- Foreign Debt

50.5 Rs. Biln

As % To Gdp

1.6

- Total

244.5 Rs.Biln

As % To Gdp

7.7