We need specialised marketers who know the ins and outs of cyber space
By MOHAMMED MURAD
May 08 - 21, 2000
The mystifying glories of
Marketing have entered the new millennium. Year 2000 carries within it, a unique value. It
not only marks the beginning of a new year but also opens a window that witnesses the dawn
of a new millennium. Our 19th Century marketing is filled with scintillating successes and
shabby failures. Success or failure marketing has come out to be the winner. Simple
marketing mistakes have throttled the success of many. Like, Food Lion (a super market
giant), Perrier, IBM, Sears (Discount stores), Euro Disney, Coca-Cola and Adidas have all
tasted the fruits of their mistakes. On the other hand Iacocca's Chrysler and the U.S
motorcycle giant 'Harley Davidson' have fought some instilling battles against their
hostile competitors. While others, like Microsoft, Wal-Mart (retailing) and G.M (General
Motors for their famous 'Saturn' launch) have experienced the joys and pleasures of
success. These and other such cases exemplify the tough challenges marketing has to offer.
It is for this very nature that marketing has kept alive its charisma. The new millennium
has brought new challenges for marketers. Their battles have no boundaries. They are no
longer restricted to actual grounds, they have indeed, expanded to virtual spaces. The
gaining popularity of Internet has made imperative for companies to register their
presence in Cyber Space. Cyber Marketing is the challenge of this century and the focal
point of my article. I would like to accept this challenge and I would be happy to find
you beside me.
Internet, which started as a research and education forum, has now
transformed into the biggest commercial centre of the world. This phenomenal success has
induced businesses all over the world, to focus their attention and resources on this
lucrative channel. Possibilities, of more segments, new explorations, more customers and
no heavy cost burdens have all played their role in making this into, an attractive
Conventional marketing techniques applied in our world, are quite
different than those applied in the cyber world. Here we can easily back our claims with
tangible support like, free samples, displays, brochures and informational handouts that
customers can hold, feel and visualize in absolute reality. Internet market, however, is
devoid of such supports. We have to use certain unconventional ways to market ourselves on
the net. I will discuss some of these methods later but for now, let your marketing
imagination wander freely through the crossroads of cyber-space. Then only can you attain,
truly virtual, marketing excellence!
The web marketing toolbox:
In order to promote your business on the net you need to create your
personal web site. This, in fact, is your office, business centre, or store. There are
millions of such sites on the web, how can you make yourself heard? Surely you have
invested a lot in order to attract hoards of customers to your site. A place where
hundreds of thousands of businesses are crying for supremacy of attention, you need to
develop a framework of excellent strategic marketing attributes. Continuous focus on
planning, changing and adapting can create the very difference that captures the respect
and attention of your customers. I have tried to enlist a few simple techniques. These
techniques can, and have created a difference. They are presented to give you a glimpse of
what is achievable, whereas on this platform, it is your imagination that can achieve, the
Your product, your presentation:
On the Net, your web site is everything. It can be your office, your
exhibition area, your sales point or even your chatting ground. In general, they serve
multiple purposes and should be designed in accordance with your goals and objectives. In
this regard a powerful presentation is important. What message do you wish to communicate
to your client when he or she visits your facility? The entrance, the atmosphere, the way
a customer is greeted and dealt with and the way you capture his attention and loyalty are
all carefully managed to achieve the desired result. In fact, your web site should, along
with your vision and mission statements, contain your complete sales pitch.
Design provocative page-titles and sub-titles, which can easily entice
viewers to click and enter a world of their choice. Design your welcoming page with care,
as it is the first and can be the most powerful impression you have ever created on your
client. It is the point in time, where he can easily turn away from you, a point where you
need to construct his initial interest in your site and in your offering. Here you need to
focus on your core product and packaging both. Your core product can be your goods, your
message or simply, information, which you intend to convey to your client. Your packaging
on the other hand can contain your choice for a suitable colour scheme, set of graphics or
programming stunts, which you may have cautiously chosen to augment your core product. A
blend of a well-worded text and a suitably packaged offer can help you create a virtually
marketable value package.
Designing your address:
Designing an appropriate URL for your site is the first and the
foremost task in your Cyber Scheduler. This URL will not only give your clients directions
regarding your cyber home, shop or office but it will also create the foundations of brand
identity, brand name and brand promotion.
Try not to use long names like, www.thekarakorammountains.com. Try not
to use hyphens or underscores as they can, at times, create a lot of confusion. Try not to
use Language specific words like, "Mera-Ghar" for Internationally focused sites.
Keep them short, catchy, simple, complete and focused like,
www.email.com. These URL's will become the sign of your excellence and the voice of your
existence, so design them with care and importance, as your cyber future depends on them.
Learning the ropes:
Before jumping in the pool of Cyber-Space, just sit back and learn the
norms, the codes and rules of online marketing. Join and explore a few communities and see
how electronic groups are communicating. Read between the lines, see how people move and
collaborate in order to fully utilize the available resources. Sharing and caring are the
ingredients that help you create an overall image of prestige, trust and reliance.
This is my site calling!!!!!
Millions of sites on the net are vying for viewer attention. At an
average 3-4% of your visitors revisit a site. Competition is tough and when it crosses
territorial boundaries, it becomes tougher for marketers to plan and launch effective and
attractive promotional schemes for their businesses. There are, however, numerous ways of
promoting your site or business, after all you have made bulky investments in it, you
deserve a positive return!
a) Traditional Media:
Before focusing your promotional activities on the net, try ceasing all
the opportunities available outside. There are quite a few options available at your
disposal. In electronic media you have TV, Radio, Satellite. While the Print media may
include Newspapers, Magazines, Direct Mail, Brochures, Stick-on's, Billboards etc. Don't
let your Ad go anywhere without your URL (your site address). URL's define you, and your
brand and that is why your promotion is so closely linked with the promotion of these
URL's. Have you seen the Sharjah Cricket tournament recently? There was a visible Ad
placed throughout the boundary displaying the URL of a cricketing site called
'www.total-cricket.com'. Every time the ball went to the boundary viewers had to look at
this Ad. I don't know about others but that constant bombardment made me visit their site.
Your ads should contain an invitation to your web site while carefully
highlighting the advantages of their visit like, prompt enquiries and replies. Just to
make things easier for your customers, put your email address in these ads. People who go
online have offline activities as well. Cleverly used, these media can bring targeted
traffic to your site.
b) Your presence in search engines and directories:
In order to be accessible for searchers and surfers you need to submit
your site to certain well-known search engines and directories like, AltaVista, Web
Crawler, Lycos, Yahoo, Excite etc. You can also achieve this by hiring the services of a
submission agency. A host of them are available on the net like, www.All4One.com. Remember
the golden rule, in order to win it you need to be in it!!!
c) Get a memorabilia!!!
In order to develop a strong prospect information database you need to
solicit information from all your visitors. You can achieve this by allowing your guests
to fill out a short input form containing the most basic of questions you deem necessary.
Ask for your guests email and seek permission to send them updates, newsletters and
informational mails so that you don't get disgruntled "Spam" (a word used on the
net for unsolicited mail) victims. Once they have shown their consent, you can establish
strong promotional channels for your business.
d) Creating value for your visitors:
While creating cyber-value for your clients you need to ask yourself
the following questions; who are my customers? Where are they located? What are their
needs and interests? Which channels do they take to reach to a particular site? What makes
them revisit a site? What are the factors aiding in popularizing a site? All these, and
many others will help you design the best marketing strategy for your site. One important
lesson regarding the net is that, it has nothing to do with selling and has everything to
do with caring, communicating, sacrificing, helping, aiding and providing value to others
regardless of their origin, cast or religion. This value can be in terms of convenience,
comfort, outright help, pure information or simple entertainment. Selling on the net is an
indirect process and needs to be handled carefully. In order to win your customers'
interest and liking you can put some free stuff on your site. Anything beneficially
related to your business and industry will do the trick. For example, a database of
free-to-use articles covering your industry say, 'Packaging'.
The second important thing in this regard relates to the perpetual
updating of these databases so that old comers keep coming back. I have been going to such
sites not for their products but for the free information they are sharing. After
revisiting their site I came to know of their products and now, if someone needs such a
product I can quote their address. The bottom line is, that, you came for the product and
stayed for the value!!!
e) Netting your advertising strategy:
Along with traditional media, certain online advertising opportunities
are also available for promotional purposes. Like traditional advertising plans,
netvertising (as you may call it) also requires a thorough analysis. You have to find the
best place for your ad. Consider the following examples...
If I deal in books I will put my ad in Yahoo's book, education or
library search pages. I can also go for customization; I can place an ad in Yahoo
quotes-directory pages, about books relating to famous quotes.
Cost per viewer:
To maintain an acceptable amount of viewership I will require a site,
which draws maximum traffic. For e.g. Yahoo or AltaVista.
This will help me lower my overall costs.
Things to do:
*Place an ad in the classified section, since most of them are free and
can generate good response and feedback.
*Enter a banner exchange programme like
*You can purchase banner ads to be infused at appropriate places in
different web directories, search engines or other sites suitable to your business.
*By placing your web address at the bottom of all your e-mails you can
attract traffic especially if you are a member of an email listing or discussion group.
What you don't need to do is, to go for an all out advertising spree
and you don't need to put ads at unnecessary places also. Stay away from viewer
resentment. If you find these objectives to be daunting, you can always hire a company
specializing in online promotion and advertising. And where can you find such a company?
The soft-selling mechanism:
At times direct selling strategies fail to work, thus requiring the
need for adopting indirect strategies, which can do the job. Mailing lists and Discussion
groups are such indirect approaches. Both work on the principle of "sharing
knowledge". Mailing lists consists of information, shared by members presently
discussing a predefined topic. For example, "Overcoming the pitfalls of email
marketing" can be one such topic. These discussions are consistently mailed to you as
and when they proceed. Discussions are based upon the same concept. Here you need to mail
your contributions to the group originator or moderator. How does it work? At first, what
you need to do is, that you develop a rapport amongst the members by sharing information
and helping those who need to get their problems solved. While you are at it, you are
placing a brief signature at the end of each email, thereby including your personals and
your site addresses for all the members to see. In between these contributions you can
wisely chip-in some information depicting your business activities. It is a powerfully
practiced technique. It however, requires a lot of time and effort from your part but it
pays off handsomely!!!!
Alliances and collaborations:
Strategic partnering is the prime need of this century. Specialization
is at its peak. Nobody can afford to excel in every area, field or product. Therefore, we
must think of such alliances where both or all can benefit. The infinite horizons of
Internet have made collaborations, an integral part of a company's overall marketing
plans. You need to search for the most productive of partners. Sites maintaining a desired
level of visitors belonging to your market segment, most wanted search engines and web
directories are what, you are looking for. What will your collaborator get after
collaborating with you? What benefit can you communicate? Simply put, what's in it for
him? Address these questions and make them the foremost part of your sales pitch. The one,
you have exclusively prepared for your collaborator. You can also enter into a Banner
Exchange or a Link Exchange agreement thus opting for collaborative advertising. By
forming these alliances you are multiplying your advertising and promotional channels.
Thus, with the span of information broadened and your costs lowered you are getting all
the advantages of outsourcing. It is therefore highly imperative that in such delicate
circumstances you choose your partner wisely.
Your entire stationary should be quipped with your web address. Don't
let anything pass without a URL check. Your gift-items and giveaway's should also bear the
URL of your company. You don't need to put your complete address. The "http://"
part can, very easily be chopped-off. Stationary includes everything, ranging from pens,
pencils and paperweights to stickers, envelopes and letter pads.
While Gift-Items involve pens, diaries, wallets, calendars etc. It is
amazing to see that these, small-small things can achieve big-big results.
This has just been a glimpse, in order to catch the big picture you
need to develop your taste, polish your skills, and maintain your spirit of creative
imagination which can help you conquer the horizons of Cyber space.
The changing dimension of direct marketing:
The induction of electronic mails, has introduced an exciting new
concept in direct marketing. They are comparatively quick and less costly than
conventional direct mails. Apart from this, they form the smartest of communication links
with online users. If sent in html format they can be as attractive as your Web Page.
Voice mails, as the name implies, are the combination of telephone and
Email-Marketing practices where you can send voice enriched emails to your clients. These
are not only quick and less costly, but also, more sophisticated and personalized. Emails
are popularly used as effective Web-Marketing tools. You can get authenticated (lists of
prospects who don't mind getting promotional emails) email lists from different agencies
operating on the net or you can create one of your own. In both cases, refrain from giving
unsolicited or unwanted emails to people who despise them.
Sending promotional mails on special occasions like, 'Eid Greetings' is
a wonderful way of getting your message through. Draft these messages with care. Try
spending bulk of your time in creating the best possible subject for your message. Why?
Because customer's viewing or deleting decisions are based on these subjects. They help
you enter your customer's heart and mind and let you tap into areas where buying decisions
originate. Email marketing is a challenging job and this is what makes it all the more
interesting for online marketers.
Global marketing in a global village:
Global marketing is the essence of Internet marketing practices. The
global implications can be seen in many instances. For e.g. one ad produced for the entire
online community irrespective of their caste, colour, race or religion. They are being
broadcast throughout the globe. A product sold globally on the net, maintains uniformity
of quality standards throughout the world. Whether sold in America or Pakistan, the
quality will always be the same. Despite of a few country-focused companies, Internet is
full of globally focused businesses. With a 24-hr availability and cross continent access
these companies are making 'Global Reach' systematically simple for all. Now doing world
wide business is simple, quick, effective and efficient. The global community concept,
advocated throughout the Internet, has indeed blossomed the spirit of innovative thinking
in global marketing.
Companies don't succeed, people do! It is the people, who, working as
the driving force, make things happen for a company. Within the peripherals of cyber-space
all that counts is "you". You'll be responsible for maintaining on-the-net
business relationships, communications with customers and business partners, developing a
global rapport for your company, coordinating sales and representing your company in
discussion groups. At the end of the day all that matters is, "you and your
performance". Without such marketing souls Internet will just be a mixture of 0's and
1's. These marketers have given life to bits and bytes. Yes, Marketer Counts!
E-Commerce creating a buzz!!!
The introduction of online shopping has opened a whole new world of
commercial activities, a world potentially open for online marketers to explore and
conquer. It has schematically helped thousands of online stores, shops and shopping malls
to transform lifestyles throughout the world. The e-commerce concept works exceptionally
well where people know exactly what to buy. Like, a particular book or software, where
they have adequate information regarding the brand or company to buy it from. As online
shoppers keep increasing, more and more companies are bringing their businesses on the
net. Mr. Haider Raza Mehdi, Customer Services Manager for 'Etisalat' (Emirates Internet
and Multi Media Company), while addressing in a seminar on e-commerce brought forward some
interesting facts. According to him, e-commerce portrays some unique attractions for
online customers in terms of distribution and transactions. Online distribution is
instant, real time, at home and personalized. While transactions can be immediate, on
credit, securitized and validated. Regarding contemporary marketing activities, he marked
his point by saying that, "the time gap and the link between the business front end
and the back end has virtually been eliminated. Solutions are defined, developed and
marketed simultaneously". As regards, the future of E-commerce he presented the
10 million bought online in 1998, 100 million in 1999, 56% buyers will
sell products online in 2000.
40 % of car buyers use the net to get information that helped in the
Inspite of these instilling developments net commerce still lacks in
maintaining the real spirit of selling. E-commerce sites, till now, are not provocative
enough to attract and induce buyers to purchase. At times, certain stimuli results in
spontaneous buying decisions like, products kept on cash counters may induce impulsive
buying. Secondly, most of these sites create a sense of boredom, the same old procedure
and the same old software being used by all. Try introducing new concepts and innovative
techniques in selling; try imbedding real world factors influencing a customer's decision
processes. For example, playing a tasteful piece of music while buyers are surfing your
site. A commendable effort in electronic-selling is, Cyland's (software)
"tterra". According to Cyland:
"Your customer enters your shop, office, selling room and there
he is offered more than just looking at the latest models or publications. You are there
escorting and advising him, you are reacting to his wishes, questions and doubts. You can
recommend and give special offers."
Through "tterra" you can see and advise your clients and your
clients can see their attendants. E-commerce is developing briskly. What needs to be
achieved is an environment fully catered to the needs and wishes of your clients. Make
possible the fulfilment of all benefits and advantages presented by e-commerce. Like,
spontaneous delivery and purchase (no waiting in queues), availability of internationally
accredited goods etc. E-commerce is a new product. A product at its initial stages, it
will take a few years to reach to its maturity level. The good thing is, that the wave has
started and in no time we'll be saying, "Surf's up!!!"
In search of a cyber marketer:
Not everyone can be a cyber-marketer. With Internet's increasing
popularity, online marketing has emerged as a highly specialized field. We cannot expect
real world marketers to coupe with Cyber Marketing. For that purpose we need specialized
marketers who know the ins and outs of cyber space. We need marketers with adequate online
marketing experience, who have an appreciable database of contacts and a well maintained
rapport in cyber communities, those who can deftly exercise online selling, and
meticulously articulate relationship marketing on one-to-one basis. Since Cyber Marketing
is quite different than the real world marketing, in near future, it will create a lot of
demand and openings for cyber specialists. There will technically, be two specialized
fields to choose from, the cyber world marketing and the real world marketing. Make your
What I have given you is just a silhouette of futuristic marketing.
Cyber Marketing has been an interestingly new development for marketing and a creatively
attractive one for budding marketers. I have met people saying, that marketing is dying
out, and it no more carries attraction and enthusiasm for the young. Let me tell them a
thing or two. Internet, e-commerce, Web Sites, Software's (Microsoft etc), The Y2K Bug,
computers all gained popularity due to some successfully run marketing campaigns.
Marketing is an ever-evolving field, dynamically developing inroads for
its growth. Cyber marketing is a thing of tomorrow, a challenge, openly posed by the dawn
of this millennium. It expects vim, vigour and vitality from enthusiastic marketers,
creative imagination from marketing visionaries and wonderful adaptability from marketing
mavericks. In a nutshell, the new millennium promises a challenging new career for
emerging marketers, a career remarkably established on the foundations of cyber space,
where all that matters is you and your marketing.