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Mohammed Ali Jinnah

For the record
Science &
Science: A look to the future
Technology: Past and future
Hamdard University
Allama Iqbal Open University
Institute of Business


Dec 27, 1999 - Jan 02, 2000

Nation celebrated 123rd birth anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam, Mohammed Ali Jinnah on 25th of December. He gave Muslims the vision of a separate homeland and ultimately saw it carved out of the history of the sub-continent. It came from the decisive ballot — a political war he fought gracefully and won it convincingly. The creation of Pakistan is certainly a great revolution of the millennium.

Jinnah stood for the rule of law and was a great champion of civil liberties. He remains an inspiring personality when and wherever the ideals of equality, freedom and brotherhood motivates the human beings. He was a man of unmatched political architecture whose achievement is a symbol of success. The self-styled politicians of today can do better if they recall a few lines from his speech in Chitagong in 1948, "There cannot be any better evidence to show that we are determined to evolve a state based on principles of equality and social justice. If we can be fair and just to others there can be no doubt about being fair among ourselves."

The Quaid was a lawyer by profession and had been brought up under strict discipline. Throughout his life he professed the supremacy of law. Democracy was a matter of conviction with him. Although, he had not shown any preference for either the parliamentary or the presidential form of democracy, his mind was absolutely clear that the government should be constituted by the directly elected representatives of the people. He stood for the fundamental rights of the citizens and that the judiciary should be independent of the executive.

The many achievements of Jinnah made him a legend in his own life-time for his resolute and effective advocacy of the civil liberties. There were people who disagreed with him. His critics included some figures of international standing. However, not even the bitterest one could question his commitment to civil liberties particularly during the long years of colonial occupation. His concept of civil liberties was not driven from every body's entitlement to the protection of law but the conviction that even the subjects of an imperialist power could not be deprived of their individual rights. While advocating the issue of Muslim endowments his argument stressed — when judiciary was unable to redress a community's grievances, it has every right to move the legislature to get the law changed. The demand and struggle for Pakistan had ensued mainly because there was a danger of denial of fundamental human rights in the Indian sub-continent.

The Quaid gave the principles to Pakistan's public service. These included, selection of public servants entirely on merit, the place of origin and religion or other factors are not relevant to merit, the law and rules of procedures must be followed in conducting public business, civil servants must have security of service and the status of a person or his access to political authority must not be allowed to influence the course of decision making. The Quaid also warned the civil servants against meddling in politics. He also warned the politicians against interfering with the duty of civil servants for it would lead to nothing but corruption, bribery and nepotism. One of the reasons for Pakistan's poor economic development is the violation of these principles.

What the Quaid gave to his nation was the vision to live with dignity. Creation of Pakistan was not an end, in itself, but only the means to become fully convinced of its righteousness. From his own actions and expressions, under heavy odds, he set a pattern to build the country. The best tribute and homage Pakistanis can pay to the Quaid is to build the Country as desired by him. A society free of linguistic, religious and regional hatred. Supremacy of law should be restored and rights of each individual should be protected according to the constitution. No one should be above the law.

It is unfortunate that the Quaid did not live long enough to translate all the ideas into reality. To rediscover the strength of the purpose of creation of Pakistan, the only way is to accomplish all that has remained evasive over the years. The effort must start today and should continue till we achieve our destination.