less attention is given on quality of education.
Oct 25 - 31, 1999
Following are excrepts from an exclusive interview with Prof. Shah
Muhammad Luhrani, Director IBA Sukkur
Distinctive academic career: B.Com First Class 1972; M. Com with First
Position 1974; L.L.B with First Position 1977; M.B.A (U.K) 1990-91 in 11 months; Prizes in
Sindhi and English Debates; since 1989 Research Guide in M. Phil; 09 Research Articles
published, 07 Articles unpublished; 23 years University Teaching services: Joined as
Lecturer in Commerce Sindh University Jamshoro 1976 and taught B.Com (Hons) and M.Com
courses, Main role in establishment of IBS Sindh University Jamshoro in 1980 and Taught
Ist Batch of MBA; In 1982 Transferred to Commerce Dept. Shah Abdul Latif University
Khairpur (Native Place): Chairman (1989-90) Dept. of Commerce, Member Syndicate As
Associate Professor 1989-90; Prepared Project and Curriculum of BBA and MBA Programmes for
the establishment of Dept. of Business Administration, Shah Abdul Latif University
Khairpur in 1992, Chairman (1992-98) Dept. of Business Administration; Member Senate
(1989-98); Prepared Project of Sukkur Institute of Business Administration Sukkur (SIBA -
now IBA) in 1994-95, and Curriculum of DBA and BBA Degree Programme, taught BBA and MBA
students of IBA; 1994 to 1999; on Sept. 17, 1998 Selection as Director IBA Sukkur out of 5
candidates and working since Sept. 18, 1998 todate; Social worker: General Secretary Sindh
University Teachers Association in 1980; President Academic Staff Association SALU
Khairpur in 1990; General Secretary Sindh Graduates Association Khairpur 1990; Life Member
Anti T.B. Association Branch Khairpur since 1996; Reading in Philosophy, Science,
Political Economy, History, and Literature.
Business education is indeed a Career course Professional education. It
has great significance all over the world, and high salary package, in the country as well
as global level. Consequently, the number of the universities, institutes, schools, and
colleges offering BBA (Hons) and MBA Programmes education in the country is increasing
like mushroom but less attention is given on quality of education.
In my opinion, the Government of Pakistan, may establish a
"National Board for Business Education (NBBE)" to manage and control the
mushroom growth of business schools by setting administration and academic standards for
charter/incorporation certificates for such schools, and to improve the quality of
Comparatively, the standard of business education at IBA Sukkur is
excellent. Our strength is teaching whereas IBA Karachi and LUMS having natural favor in
students, and industrial environment. The committed and qualified young faculty of IBA
Sukkur work hard to develop efficiency and skill through, modern methods, use of teaching
aids: projectors, videos, case study methods, presentations, and quizzes, guest speakers
from organizations, local industrial trips to attend lecture programmes.
The IBA Sukkur is academically affiliated with IBA Karachi. It has
adopted same curriculum of IBA Karachi for all programmes. However, we have proposed
following new programmes to utilize the infrstructure in new building:
a. BCS (Hons) Degree Programme in Morning
b. MBA (Executive) Degree Programme in Evening
It is observed that in Sukkur Division, the officers and business
executives working in the various banks, private and government organizations will get
benefit of MBA (Executive) Programme in evening and build their career.
In the process of building the overall knowledge of the students, the
senior executives from various industrial organizations are invited as guest speaker for
lecture programmes so that our students may be provided practical knowledge that what is
in practice and seminars are arranged at local levels.
Indeed, MBA Programme is a professional and career course education for
which students must be taught that education atleast from graduate level so that they can
become proper business professionals like Engineering and Medical sciences. Therefore, the
strategy to admit students in BBA (Hons) is successful because the BBA leading to MBA
Graduate possess more knowledge of business education then B.A/BSC and MBA Graduate.
In the development of research atmosphere at IBA Sukkur we are trying
to develop academic linkages, at national level, in the field of business and computer
science research. In this connection we have approached to AERC University of Karachi and
National University of Science and Technology for academic linkages. We do hope that we
will get positive response.
If business schools are registered and incorporated under the
Government rules and as per NBBE policy of operation and control, that will develop
competitive environment of quality education or excellence in education. The essentials of
academic policy may be:
1. Uniformity in curriculum and time period required as per
international standards, for award of Degrees.
2. Uniformity in Semester system rules and regulations for grading and
evaluations procedure of examination, in public sector as well as in private sector
3. Specified provision of infrstructure, equipments, faculty, books,
and resources required for business education.
4. As per SWOT analysis technique, there may be identification of
business schools for Specializations, such business schools may be allowed to offer that
specializations/courses in which there Faculty and education environment is strong and at
other places it may not be allowed.
Strategically speaking, the role of UGC is not so effective and in
proper direction. I am member of National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) of Business
Administration formed by UGC. There must be coordination of NCRC and proposed NBBE in the
operation and control of business education in business schools of Pakistan.
It is imperative to say that private Institutions have developed a
effective pressure on the Public sector Universities and Institutes for improving the
business education. However, there must be common platform through any BOARD (i.e NBBE as
In response to the control and operation of the Universities for
colleges, the specific policy through BOARD may be implemented. Presently, there is no
Govt's policy or criteria for genuine institutions and money making ones but it is still a
issue yet to resolved to form a criteria/yardstick for genuine institutions in Pakistan.
However, the institutions may be genuine when their MBA Graduates are getting more jobs
and having less number unemployed.
Strategically speaking, nothing is constant in the dynamic environment.
There is a drastic change not only in science and technology but in competitive
business/industrial market environment. Therefore efforts may be made for market-oriented
curriculum in view of the local and global markets requirements.
Presently, there is divergence of people to business education, so the
sharp commercial/business people have established such institutes where they are making
money but it will not continue as market will become more competitive. There is bright
future for those people who are hardworking interested in business education. As
Government will interfere positively for the improvement of education, then there will be
more competitive product from every institute to take more share in the market, I mean
more jobs for their Products/MBAs.