Syed Muntazir Hosain Rizvi
KARACHI INSTITUTE OF ECONOMICS AND TECHNOLOGY(KIET)
Oct 03, 1999
The 1990s began with a great surge of hope with the cold war over, the
world could harness the enormous resources for development and prosperity.
Today Human Resource Development emphasis that poverty is no longer
inevitable. Poverty is multidimensional. It is not only low income but also reflects poor
health and illiteracy, deprivation in knowledge and communication skills, inability to
practice human and political rights and the absence of dignity, confidence and
self-respect. This brings in environment impoverishment, and this impoverishment engulfs
the entire nation, which essentially in complete poverty. These faces of poverty depict
the grim of reality of desperate lives without any choice and offer to look forward.
It is alarming that Pakistan along with a few other countries is facing
a high human poverty. So in order to eradicate poverty and over rule this deficiency we
will have to involve people in decisions pertaining to them, their lives, and to enable
them to be confident in ascertaining their targets
Secondly, the hurdles in education and health services to be removed
and provided without delay /difficulty to all. With proper guidance and advice on family
planning and reproductive health on one side, where as adequate suggestions for safe water
and sanitation system, on the other is to be assured to common men.
Thirdly, the sense of quality is essential for improving the position
of women in reducing poverty.
Fourthly, we need such reforms and actions, which may enable our poor
people to gain access to assets, so that they become less vulnerable. The security to own
land and housing in our country is more important than the credit facilities and financial
Lastly the ability to practice civil, economics, social and political
rights is to be conveniently provided to people, if we wish to eradicate poverty.
Education: Combatting Poverty
Educational system in a country is, in fact the main feature of
development. It is been observed that the most efficient and ideal labour force comprises
of people between the age of 18-45 years. The effects of education are supposed to be
directly proportionate to the income and occupation. Since education gives rise to the
communicative ability, it is expected that it leads, via pressure and negotiation, to
redistribution of wealth such as it may decrease the relative levels of poverty.
This is being noticed over a long duration that certain practices are
implied by educational content, health and hygiene, water refinement, disease preventions,
nutrition programme, etc., are spread through health education. In the context of our
country Pakistan, we have experienced that although, the overall standard of living is not
very low relative to the neighboring countries in particular and LDCs in general. But it
is being shocking that the literacy rate is considerably low, as a result we are living in
high human poverty.
Over the preceding decade the infant mortality is controlled to quite
an extend, but we have to create a situation through education to overcome out literacy
crisis, so that the mothers should be able to under the meaning of family management.
At the time of independence we had just 2-universities with total
enrolment of 700 students, which is now increased to 25-universities with 71,819 number of
students enrolled in them. Out of population of more 130m only 72,000 odd are university
going. The literacy rate is estimated as nearly 42% which includes even those who can sign
their names or can read Quran Sharif. One of major factor is our feudal system, which is
obstructing the educational progress in the country for the past half a century. In fact
our feudal lords, belief that if the lower income harry gets the liberty to educate
themselves or their siblings or their younger generations, then their ocean of slaves
would reach to an end.
Another vital issue in this regard our private sectors participation
which is not playing an active part in spreading education is training programmes. During
a number of studies, it is found out that the linkage between the educational institutions
and industry go in complete harmony with each other. Whereas our case is concern neither
the industrialist seems bothered about this point nor the educationist are taking any
trouble to give a productive output.
If we look at the conditions of literacy in Sindh, we can easily
conclude that out of more than 100000 intermediate passed students around 15% go abroad
for higher education (belonging to high income groups), some 45% are accommodated at
various professional colleges/universities. The left over is about 40% who are ready to
start with any available employment. Out of these youth a large number becomes frustrated
and most of these frustrated youth become pray to wicked and canning politicians or
So in order to eradicate human poverty and develop the sense of civil,
political, social and economic rights and responsibilities in our youth in particular and
overall citizens in general, we will have to address all factions of life, all elites and
every parent to educate their youth at least, if not others/themselves. So that we can
rightly claim that "poverty is not a curse".