. .



1_popup_home.gif (1391 bytes) etc.gif (5656 bytes)

Poverty is not a curse

Society
Poverty is not a curse
Column
For the record
Information Technology
GSM: The start of next 100 years war
Science & Technology
                 Natural Agriculture
NanoTechnology
Profile
Sirajuddin Aziz
Special Report
Map

Syed Muntazir Hosain Rizvi
KARACHI INSTITUTE OF ECONOMICS AND TECHNOLOGY(KIET)
Oct 03, 1999

The 1990s began with a great surge of hope with the cold war over, the world could harness the enormous resources for development and prosperity.

Today Human Resource Development emphasis that poverty is no longer inevitable. Poverty is multidimensional. It is not only low income but also reflects poor health and illiteracy, deprivation in knowledge and communication skills, inability to practice human and political rights and the absence of dignity, confidence and self-respect. This brings in environment impoverishment, and this impoverishment engulfs the entire nation, which essentially in complete poverty. These faces of poverty depict the grim of reality of desperate lives without any choice and offer to look forward.

It is alarming that Pakistan along with a few other countries is facing a high human poverty. So in order to eradicate poverty and over rule this deficiency we will have to involve people in decisions pertaining to them, their lives, and to enable them to be confident in ascertaining their targets

Secondly, the hurdles in education and health services to be removed and provided without delay /difficulty to all. With proper guidance and advice on family planning and reproductive health on one side, where as adequate suggestions for safe water and sanitation system, on the other is to be assured to common men.

Thirdly, the sense of quality is essential for improving the position of women in reducing poverty.

Fourthly, we need such reforms and actions, which may enable our poor people to gain access to assets, so that they become less vulnerable. The security to own land and housing in our country is more important than the credit facilities and financial services.

Lastly the ability to practice civil, economics, social and political rights is to be conveniently provided to people, if we wish to eradicate poverty.

Education: Combatting Poverty

Educational system in a country is, in fact the main feature of development. It is been observed that the most efficient and ideal labour force comprises of people between the age of 18-45 years. The effects of education are supposed to be directly proportionate to the income and occupation. Since education gives rise to the communicative ability, it is expected that it leads, via pressure and negotiation, to redistribution of wealth such as it may decrease the relative levels of poverty.

This is being noticed over a long duration that certain practices are implied by educational content, health and hygiene, water refinement, disease preventions, nutrition programme, etc., are spread through health education. In the context of our country Pakistan, we have experienced that although, the overall standard of living is not very low relative to the neighboring countries in particular and LDCs in general. But it is being shocking that the literacy rate is considerably low, as a result we are living in high human poverty.

Over the preceding decade the infant mortality is controlled to quite an extend, but we have to create a situation through education to overcome out literacy crisis, so that the mothers should be able to under the meaning of family management.

At the time of independence we had just 2-universities with total enrolment of 700 students, which is now increased to 25-universities with 71,819 number of students enrolled in them. Out of population of more 130m only 72,000 odd are university going. The literacy rate is estimated as nearly 42% which includes even those who can sign their names or can read Quran Sharif. One of major factor is our feudal system, which is obstructing the educational progress in the country for the past half a century. In fact our feudal lords, belief that if the lower income harry gets the liberty to educate themselves or their siblings or their younger generations, then their ocean of slaves would reach to an end.

Another vital issue in this regard our private sectors participation which is not playing an active part in spreading education is training programmes. During a number of studies, it is found out that the linkage between the educational institutions and industry go in complete harmony with each other. Whereas our case is concern neither the industrialist seems bothered about this point nor the educationist are taking any trouble to give a productive output.

If we look at the conditions of literacy in Sindh, we can easily conclude that out of more than 100000 intermediate passed students around 15% go abroad for higher education (belonging to high income groups), some 45% are accommodated at various professional colleges/universities. The left over is about 40% who are ready to start with any available employment. Out of these youth a large number becomes frustrated and most of these frustrated youth become pray to wicked and canning politicians or anti-state activist.

So in order to eradicate human poverty and develop the sense of civil, political, social and economic rights and responsibilities in our youth in particular and overall citizens in general, we will have to address all factions of life, all elites and every parent to educate their youth at least, if not others/themselves. So that we can rightly claim that "poverty is not a curse".