FACTS SHEET ON PAKISTAN

Aug 22 - 28, 2005

AREA:

Total: 803,940 sq km
Land: 778,720 sq km
Water: 25,220 sq km
Land boundaries:
Total: 6,774 km
Border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

COASTLINE:

1,046 km

MARITIME CLAIMS:

Territorial sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

ELEVATION EXTREMES:

Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

NATURAL RESOURCES:

Extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, Coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

LAND USE:

Arable land: 27.87%
Permanent crops: 0.87%
Other: 71.26% (2001)

IRRIGATED LAND:

180,000 sq km (1998 est.)

POPULATION:

162,419,946 (July 2005 est.)

AGE STRUCTURE:

0-14 years: 39.6% (male 33,104,311/female 31,244,297)
15-64 years: 56.3% (male 46,759,333/female 44,685,828)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 3,189,122/female 3,437,055) (2005 est.)

POPULATION GROWTH RATE:

2.03% (2005 est.)

BIRTH RATE:

30.42 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)

DEATH RATE:

8.45 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)

NET MIGRATION RATE:

-1.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)

SEX RATIO:

At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

INFANT MORTALITY RATE:

Total: 72.44 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 72.84 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 72.03 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH:

Total population: 63 years
Male: 62.04 years
Female: 64.01 years (2005 est.)

TOTAL FERTILITY RATE:

4.14 children born/woman (2005 est.)

RELIGIONS:

Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%

LITERACY:

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 45.7%
Male: 59.8%
Female: 30.6% (2003 est.)

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION PARTICIPATION:

ARF, AsDB, C (reinstated 2004), CP, ECO, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, ONUB, OPCW, PCA, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMIK, UNMIL, UNMISET, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO

GDP:

Purchasing power parity - $347.3 billion (2004 est.)

GDP - REAL GROWTH RATE:

6.1% (2004 est.)

GDP - PER CAPITA:

Purchasing power parity - $2,200 (2004 est.)

GDP - COMPOSITION BY SECTOR:

Agriculture: 22.6%
Industry: 24.1%
Services: 53.3% (2004 est.)

LABOR FORCE:

45.43 million
Note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor (2004 est.)

LABOR FORCE - BY OCCUPATION:

Agriculture 42%, industry 20%, services 38% (2004 est.)

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE:

8.3% plus substantial underemployment (2004 est.)

POPULATION BELOW POVERTY LINE:

32% (FY00/01 est.)

HOUSEHOLD INCOME OR CONSUMPTION BY PERCENTAGE SHARE:

Lowest 10%: 4.1%
Highest 10%: 27.6% (FY96/97)

INFLATION RATE (CONSUMER PRICES):

4.8% (FY03/04 est.)

INVESTMENT (GROSS FIXED):

16.4% of GDP (FY03/04 est.)

BUDGET:

Revenues: $13.45 billion
Expenditures: $16.51 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)

PUBLIC DEBT:

71.4% of GDP (2004 est.)

AGRICULTURE - PRODUCTS:

Cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs

INDUSTRIES:

Textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION GROWTH RATE:

13.1% (2004 est.)

ELECTRICITY - PRODUCTION:

75.27 billion kWh (2003)

ELECTRICITY - CONSUMPTION:

52.66 billion kWh (2003)

OIL - PRODUCTION:

61,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)

OIL - CONSUMPTION:

365,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)

OIL - PROVED RESERVES:

325.5 million bbl (2004 est.)

NATURAL GAS - PRODUCTION:

23.4 billion cu m (2001 est.)

NATURAL GAS - CONSUMPTION:

23.4 billion cu m (2001 est.)

NATURAL GAS - PROVED RESERVES:

695.6 billion cu m (2004)

CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE:

$1.4 billion (2004 est.)

EXPORTS:

$15.07 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)

EXPORTS - COMMODITIES:

Textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, and yarn), rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs

EXPORTS - PARTNERS:

US 21.3%, UAE 9.8%, UK 7.1%, Germany 5.2%, Hong Kong 4.2%, Saudi Arabia 4.1% (2004)

IMPORTS:

$14.01 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)

IMPORTS - COMMODITIES:

Petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea

IMPORTS - PARTNERS:

China 10.8%, US 10.2%, UAE 9.3%, Saudi Arabia 9%, Japan 7%, Kuwait 5.3%, Germany 4.2% (2004)

RESERVES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND GOLD:

$12.58 billion (2004 est.)

DEBT - EXTERNAL:

$33.97 billion (2004 est.)

TELEPHONES - MAIN LINES IN USE:

3,982,800 (2003)

TELEPHONES - MOBILE CELLULAR:

2,624,800 (2003)

RADIO BROADCAST STATIONS:

AM 27, FM 1, shortwave 21 (1998)

TELEVISION BROADCAST STATIONS:

22 (plus seven low-power repeaters) (1997)

INTERNET HOSTS:

15,124 (2003)

INTERNET USERS:

1.5 million (2002)

RAILWAYS:

Total: 8,163 km
Broad gauge: 7,718 km 1.676-m gauge (293 km electrified)
Narrow gauge: 445 km 1.000-m gauge (2004)

HIGHWAYS:

Total: 257,683 km
Paved: 152,033 km (including 339 km of expressways)
Unpaved: 105,650 km (2001)

PIPELINES:

Gas 9,945 km; oil 1,821 km (2004)

PORTS AND HARBORS:

Karachi, Port Muhammad bin Qasim

MERCHANT MARINE:

Total: 13 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 329,486 GRT/512,506 DWT
By type: cargo 10, petroleum tanker 3
Registered in other countries: 14 (2005)

AIRPORTS:

131 (2004 est.)

HELIPORTS:

15 (2004 est.)