PAKISTAN: PAST AND PRESENT

Aug 22 - 28, 2005

INDICATOR

UNIT

1980

1990

1995

2000

2002

2003

POPULATION

Total population

Millions

82.58

109.71

124.49

139.14

144.85

147.66

Female population

Percentage of total

44.5

47.9

47.8

47.9

48.7

48.8

Population age groups: 0-14 years

Percentage of total

44.4

45.7

41.3

43

. . .

. . .

Population age groups: 15-64 years

Percentage of total

52.7

51.7

54.9

59.2

. . .

. . .

Population age groups: 65 years and over

Percentage of total

2.9

2.6

3.8

4.2

. . .

. . .

Rural population

Percentage of total

71.9

69.9

68.2

67.5

67.5

66.3

Crude birth rate

Per 1,000 people

43.1

40

37.6

29.1

28.7

. . .

Crude death rate

Per 1,000 people

10.2

10

9.2

7.8

8.2

. . .

Population growth rate

Percentage per annum

3.1

2.7

2.5

2.1

2

1.9

Population density

People per square kilometre

104

141

163

177

185

185

HEALTH, EDUCATION AND CULTURE

Infant mortality rate

Per 1,000 live births

124

104.7

94.6

79.8

85

. . .

Life expectancy

Years: males/females

54.6 / 55.7

59.3 / 60.7

62.4 / 62.1

/ 63.0

63.7 / 63.4

. . / . . .

People per physician

Number

3500

2082

1763

1507

1424

1366

Daily per capita protein supply

Grams

54

59

62

62

62

. . .

Daily per capita calorie supply

Calories

2185

2341

2416

2447

2419

. . .

Adult literacy rate

Percentage: males/females

40.4 / 13.9

49.2 / 20.2

53.5 / 23.8

/ 27.9

59.0 / 29.7

59.8 / 30.6

Primary school gross enrolment rate

Percentage: males/females

52 / 28

63 / 34

87 / 55

99 / 79

. . . / . . .

. . . / . . .

Daily newspaper circulation

Thousands

1032

1826

3578

5700

6009

6246

Telephone main lines and mobile phone subscribers

Per 100 people

. . .

0.75

1.7

2.45

3.35

4.42

Television receivers

Per 1,000 people

11

17

20.9

23.4

24.69

25.2

Internet users

Per 100 people

. . .

-

-

0.22

1.03

1.03

NATIONAL ACCOUNTS AND PRICES

Gross domestic product

Millions of national currency

270196

1016724

2120173

3423080

4018112

4420000

Private consumption

Millions of national currency

192390

694161

1545228

2586762

2923043

. . .

Domestic saving

Percentage of GDP

7.8

13.5

14.2

15.2

19.2

. . .

GDP per capita

US dollars

363

424

508

421

471

498

External debt

Millions of US dollars

9931

20663.4

30169.4

37918

36532

. . .

Consumer price index

1990 = 100

. . .

. . .

152.7

223.4

103.5

106.8

Consumer food price index

1990 = 100

. . .

. . .

160.6

230.6

102.5

105.4

Wholesale price index

1990 = 100

. . .

. . .

159.2

230.6

102.1

107.8

TRADE, TRANSPORT AND TOURISM

Exports of merchandise trade

Millions of US dollars

2955

7450

9727

9574

11056

. . .

Imports of merchandise trade

Millions of US dollars

5709

10563

12877

11762

11648

. . .

Passenger cars in use

Thousands

283

650

844

1282

1366

. . .

Railway passenger travel

Millions of passenger-kilometres

17319

20373

17555

18495

20782

22305

Air passenger travel

Millions of passenger-kilometres

5702

9388

10720

11258

10778

11203

Tourist arrivals

Thousands

299

424

378

557

498

472

Tourist revenue

Millions of US dollars

154

156

114

84

105

136

FINANCE

Government revenue

Millions of national currency

38102

163825

321323

512500

624100

720800

Government expenditure

Millions of national currency

41084

192079

425418

709100

826200

. . .

Government education expenditure

Percentage of total expenditure

2.69

2.73

6.7

7.26

7.83

. . .

Government health expenditure

Percentage of total expenditure

1.47

1.82

2.84

2.96

3.23

. . .

Government economic affairs and services expenditure

Percentage of total expenditure

37.19

. .

. . .

. . .

. .

. . .

Money supply: money and quasi-money (M2)

Billions of national currency

97.322

334.991

812.998

1476.676

1927.992

2266.163

International reserves minus gold

Millions of US dollars

496

296

1733

1513

8078

10941

Lending rate

Percent per annum

. . .

. .

16.17

12.94

12.12

. . .

Exchange rate

National currency per US dollar

9.9

21.7074

31.6427

53.6482

59.7238

57.752

LABOUR FORCE AND PRODUCTION

Population employed

Thousands

24341

29797

31407

36847

38882

. . .

Population employed in agriculture

Percentage of population employed

52.7

51.1

46.8

48.4

42.1

. . .

Female labour force

Percentage of labour force

10.4

11.7

12.2

14

14.6

. . .

Agricultural production index

1999-2001 = 100

44.1

69.8

87.9

101.3

101.4

103.8

Food production index

1999-2001 = 100

44.3

67.4

86.7

101.6

102.4

105.4

Non-food agricultural production index

1999-2001 = 100

42.9

88.2

97.4

99.3

94.1

91.9

Industrial production index

1995 = 100

100

203

248

296

328

. . .

Commercial primary energy production

Thousand tons of oil equivalent

7571

15842

20311

26512

29075

. . .

NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT

Commercial primary energy consumption per capita

Kilograms of oil equivalent

136

198

238

184

178

. . .

Carbon dioxide emissions

Thousand tons of carbon dioxide

31647

68075

84542

104881

. . .

. . .

Total land area

Thousands of hectares

79610

79610

79610

79610

79610

. . .

Arable land and land under permanent crops

Thousands of hectares

32110

31160

30460

31040

31230

. . .

Irrigated area

Thousands of hectares

14700

16890

17640

18070

17970

. . .

Non-arable land and land not under permanent crops

Thousands of hectares

47500

48450

49150

48570

48380

. . .

Human development index

Human development index

Value of the composite index

0.373

0.444

0.473

. . .

0.497

. . .

Source: United Nations Social and Economic commission for Asia and Pacific.