MOUNTAINS

  

 

Northern Pakistan has the greatest concentration of the highest peaks of the world. It has 05 peaks over 8,000 metres including the world’s second highest, K-2 (Chogori, 8611 m), 29 peaks of over 7,500 metres and 121 of over 7,000 metres.

S#

Peak

Height (m)

Int. Ranking

Range

1

K-2

8611

2

Karakoram

2

Nanga Parbat

8125

9

Karakoram

3

Gasherbrum I

8068

11

Karakoram

4

Broad Peak

8047

12

Karakoram

5

Gasherbrum II

8035

14

Karakoram

6

Gasherbrum III

7952

15

Karakoram

7

Gasherbrum IV

7925

17

Karakoram

8

Distaghil Sar

7885

20

Karakoram

9

Kunyang Chhish

7852

22

Karakoram

10

Masherbrum NE

7821

24

Karakoram

11

Rakaposhi

7788

27

Karakoram

12

Batura

7785

28

Karakoram

13

Kanjut Sar

7760

29

Karakoram

14

Saltro Kagri

7742

33

Karakoram

15

Trivor

7720

36

Karakoram

16

Tirichmir

7708

41

Karakoram

17

Chogolisa

7654

46

Karakoram

18

Shispare

7619

49

Karakoram

19

Skyang Kangri

7544

58

Karakoram

20

Pamuri Chhish

7492

67

Karakoram

21

Noshaq

7492

68

Karakoram

22

Tirichmir NW

7487

69

Karakoram

23

K-12

7468

73

Karakoram

24

Teram Kangri

7463

74

Karakoram

25

Malubiting W

7452

76

Karakoram

26

Sia Kingri

7422

79

Karakoram

27

Skilbrum

7420

80

Karakoram

28

Teram Kangri II

7406

82

Karakoram

29

Haramosh

7406

84

Karakoram

30

Istro-o-nal

7403

85

Karakoram

31

Mt Ghent

7400

86

Karakoram

32

Yukshin Gardan

7400

87

Karakoram

33

Ultar Sar I & II

7388

88

Karakoram

K-2 (CHOGORI)

Locally the K-2 is known as Chogori , meaning the king of mountains. Really it is standing like a king in the heart of Karakorum Range.
Among the high peaks is K2 (8611 m), the second highest mountain in the world. Its glaciers include, among others, the 47-mile Siachen glacier, the 36-mile Baltoro glacier, and the 76-mile combination of Hispar and Biafo, which connect at a pass. The Baltoro glacier is especially significant, as ten of the world's thirty highest peaks cluster around it, including four 8,000 meter peaks (K2 and three peaks of the Gashberbrum massif) that rise very close together at the northeast head of the glacier.

NANGA PARBAT

Nanga Parbat, whose name means Naked Mountain, is the ninth highest mountain in the world, and the westernmost mountain of the Himalayas. Its vast snowy face is a powerful spectacle when seen from the arid Indus Valley, approaching the mountain from the west. Here the mountain towers in isolation over 22,000 feet from the valley floor.
The mountain is easy to reach (China's Karakoram Highway approaches the base of the mountain from the north), but is not so easy to climb. Unstable glaciers and frequent storms and avalanches have proved hazardous, most notably to the German party who first attempted the peak.

GASHERBRUM

Gasherbrum is a remote group of high peaks in the Karakoram, located at the northeast end of the 36-mile Baltoro glacier. The group forms a semi-circle around its own South Gasherbrum Glacier. The peaks are sharp rock pyramids with rugged ridges and steep, towering walls. The highest peak, Gasherbrum I, is also known as Hidden Peak, a name given it by William Martin Conway in 1892 in reference to its extreme remoteness.

MUZTAGH TOWER

Muztagh Tower, as the name implies, is an enormous rock tower, its four sides stretching steeply into the sky. This is perhaps the most difficult technical climb in the Karakoram. It is located between the basins of the Baltoro and Sarpo Laggo glaciers, and for many years was considered inaccessible. Its faces are covered in ice and hanging glaciers, and there is considerable overhang.

RAKAPOSHI

Rakaposhi is the name of a high Karakoram mountain massif and the huge pyramid peak which tops this massif. The mountain dominates the Hunza Valley west of K2, its steep ice-covered peak towering above barren cliffs and terraces.
Rakaposhi's climate is generally more favorable than that of the Himalayas, as it is located far enough west to be only minimally affected by the monsoon in July and August. In fact, long periods of exceptional weather are not uncommon throughout the summer.

SALTORO KANGRI


Saltoro Kangri, whose name means Yellow Mountain, is a rugged mountain of rock, ice, and snow. Its long crescent ridge supports numerous glaciers and numerous 7,000-meter peaks.

 

CHOGOLISA

Chogolisa is a high snow peak with a distinctive long, almost level summit ridge, located about 15km southwest of the Gasherbrum group, near the head of the Baltoro Glacier. The Southwest summit is higher; the slightly lower Northeast summit (7554m) was named Bride Peak by Martin Conway in 1892, and was climbed in 1958 by the Japanese team of M. Fujihara and K. Hirai. Famed Austrian mountaineer Hermann Buhl died here in a cornice collapse in 1957.

BROAD PEAK

Broad Peak is located approximately five miles from K2 along the Baltoro glacier. En route to base camp for Broad Peak, the twelfth highest mountain in the world, climbers and trekkers alike can visit the Gasherbrums, the Trangos, K2, and Chogolisa. On a good day, both Chogolisa and K2 can be seen from the upper reaches as well as from base camp of this extraordinary mountain. It's name was originally set as K3, as in the third mountain measured in the Karakoram range, right after the famed K2. But when on-lookers later viewed the peak in closer detail, they discovered that its summit was over a mile long, and hence the name "Broad Peak."

THE BATURA MUZTAGH

The Batura Muztagh rises to the west of the Hunza Valley, forming the westernmost extension of the Karakoram Range. The highest peaks form a formidable massif called the Batura Wall, toward the western end of the range. East of the Wall several other massifs rise, notably Pasu Massiv, Shispare, and Bojohagur Duanasir/Ultar.

MASHERBRUM


Masherbrum is a spectacular rock and ice peak, rising to the south of the Baltoro Glacier. The summit's sheer north face is a perfect pyramid, with steep narrow ridges rising suddenly to a sharp pinnacle.

 

BALTORO GLACIER

The trek from Skardu to the Baltoro Glacier gives the best close-up views of K2, and the trail along the Braldu and Biaho rivers takes hikers right into the heart of the Karakoram Mountains. The early part of the trek passes through green orchards, and summer visitors will be able to sample apples, apricots, peaches and cherries along the way. The terrain soon becomes rugged, however, and trekkers should be prepared to navigate trails covered with sharp stones and punctuated by glacial streams and steep gullies. The dark stone of the lower peaks provides a dramatic contrast to the glittering snow-capped peaks in the distance. Concordia, the base camp for K2 expeditions, offers spectacular views of some of the highest mountains on Earth, including K2, Gasherbrum, Masherbrum, and Chogolisa.

HUNZA VALLEY

The valley of the Hunza River was supposedly the inspiration for Shangri-la in James Hilton's famous novel Lost Horizon. According to local legend, the river water contains traces of gold and has life-prolonging powers, and the people of Hunza are noted for their longevity. Many of the Hunzakut, as they are known, have light-colored hair and eyes and claim to be descended from Alexander the Great's soldiers. Their dialect, Brushaski, has no apparent link to any existing language family.
The town of Hunza is the starting point for treks to the Batura, Hopar and Hispar glaciers. The trek to Ultar Canyon gives especially dramatic views of the surrounding glaciers and granite peaks. Trekkers can stay overnight in distinctive shepherds' huts built of piled stones. The sound of ice crashing down from the surrounding glaciers provides a unique lullaby.

 
 
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