PAKISTAN FACTS

  

Official Name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Location

Latitude 24o and 37o N
Longitude 62o and 75o E

STATE RELIGION

Islam

Father of the Nation

Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)

National Poet  Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)

Head of the State

General Pervez Musharraf (President)

HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

Shaukat Aziz (Prime Minister)

Capital

Islamabad

Time: hours

GMT/UTC plus five

National dress

Shalwar Kameez

Electricity:

220V, 50 Hz

Weights and Measures:

metric system

Provinces

Punjab (capital Lahore),Sindh (capital Karachi),NWFP (capital Peshawar),and Balochistan (capital Quetta)

Area (Sq. km)

Total Area (Including FATA & FANA)
Punjab:
Sindh:
North West Frontier Province:
Balochistan:
Federally Administered Tribal Areas:
Islamabad (Capital):

796,095 
.
205,344
140,914
74,521
347,190
27,220
.
906

Population

149.03 million

Ethnic composition

95% Muslims, 5% others

Per capita income

US$ 492

Currency

Pak Rupee

Exports

Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, fruits, handicrafts Sea Food Fisheries

Imports

Industrial equipment, vehicles, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil

Languages

Urdu (National language)
English (Official)

Literacy rate

51.6%

Government

Parliamentary form

Parliament

It consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House). The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 87 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.
The National Assembly has a total membership of 217 elected through adult suffrage (Muslim 207 and Minorities 10).

Pakistan National Flag

Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolises Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam and Islamic world.

National Anthem

Approved in June, 1954 Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds.

State Emblem

The State Emblem consists of:
1. The crescent and star which is symbol of Islam
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage
4. Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Unity Faith, Discipline

Major stock exchanges:

Karachi Stock exchange (KSE) and Lahore Stock Exchange (LSE)

National Flower

Jasmine

Flora

Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry

Fauna

The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buk, Neelgai, Markhor, Marcopolo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Water Fowls

Popular games

Cricket, Hockey, Football

Tourist's resorts

Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit

Archaeological sites

Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh

Major Cities

Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Multan, Sialkot and Faisalabad

Agriculture

Major crops are cotton, wheat, rice and sugarcane

Total cropped area

22.0 million hectares

Industry

Textiles, cement, fertiliser, steel, sugar, electric goods, shipbuilding

Energy

Major sources:
Oil, Coal, Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear and Liquid Petroleum Gas
WAPDA's total installed power generating capacity: 11,246 MW

Health

Health Hospitals
Dispensaries 
Basic Health Units (BHUs) 
Maternity & Child Health Centres 
Rural Health Centres (RHCs) 
Tuberculosis (TB) Centres
Hospital Beds
Doctors (registered) 
Dentists (registered) 
Nurses (registered)
Paramedics
Lady Health Workers

947
4,800
4,820
1,084.
.
581
357
82,844
101,635
5,068
44,520
22,714
6,397

Education

Education Primary Schools 
Middle Schools 
High Schools 
Arts & Science Colleges 
Professional Colleges 
Universities Public Sector
(including one Women University) 
Private Sector 
164,200
19,100
12,900
925
374
29
.
.

10

Transport & Communication

Total length of roads 
Pakistan Railway network 
Railway stations 
Pakistan International Airlines Covers 33 international and 21 domestic stations with a fleet of 44 planes.
Major Airports  (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar)
251,845 km
7,791 km
781
44 Planes
.
.
.

8

.
.
.

Seaports

International : 2 - Karachi and Bin Qasim Domestic: 3 - Minora, Gwadar and Pasni

Communications

Communications Post Offices 
Telephone connections 
Public Call Offices 
Telegraph offices 
Internet Connections 

12,267
4,589,000
1,14,527
328
1.9 million

Employment

Employment Total Labour force 
Employed Labour Force 
Agriculture Sector 
Manufacturing & Mining sector 
Construction 
Trade 
Transport 
Finance, Community & Social Services 
Others 
42.38 million
39.41 million
18.91 million
4.51 million
2.25 million
5.27 million
1.97 million
5.90 million
.
5.87 million

Media

a. PRINT MEDIA 
Dailies 414
Weeklies 392
Fortnightlies 50
Monthlies 259
Annually 01
Quarterly 03
b. News Agencies
APP (official)
PPI & NNI (Pvt)
c. Electronic Media
TV Centres Five TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 88.58% population and 29 re-broadcasting stations. 

Pakistan Television 4 channels (PTV-I, PTV-II (PTV World), PTV-III & PTV-IV)
Registered TV sets 3,604,000
Radio Stations Public: Total 25, Home services in 19 languages. External Services cover 81 countries in 15 languages
Private: Radio stations 3, TV transmitter channels 3
Cable Operators 900

Banks

Central Bank: State Bank of Pakistan
Other Banks: National Bank of Pakistan, Habib Bank Ltd., Muslim Commercial Bank Ltd., Allied Bank of Pakistan Ltd., First Woman Bank, Mehran Bank and the Bank of Punjab.
Specialised Banks: Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan, Federal Bank for Co-operatives, Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan, The Punjab Provincial Co-operative Bank, Banker's Equity and National Development Finance Corporation

Famous Mountain

Peaks K-2 (Mt. Godwin Austin): 28,250 ft./8611 m (2nd in World) Nanga Parbat : 26,660 ft./8126 m (8th in World)
Gasherbrum-I: 26,470 ft./8068 m (11th in World)

Passes

The Khyber Pass
The Kurram Pass
The Tochi Pass
The Gomal Pass
The Bolan Pass
The Lowari Pass
The Khunjrab Pass

Rivers

The Indus
Jhelum
Chenab
Ravi
Sutlej
Beas (tributary of Sutlej)

2896 km
825 km
1242 km
901 km
1551 km
398 km

Famous Glaciers

Siachin
Batura
Baltoro

75 km
55 km
62 km

Deserts

Thar:
Cholistan:
Thal:

Sindh
Punjab
Punjab

Lakes

Manchar
Keenjar
Hanna
Saif-ul-Maluk
Satpara
Kachura

Sindh
Sindh
Balochistan
NWFP
Northern Areas
Northern Areas

Major Dams

Mangla Dam
Tarbela Dam
.
Warsak Dam
.

Punjab
North West Frontier Province
North West Frontier Province

 
 
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